Social Studies Chapter 10 Study Guide – 5th grade

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What did the states hope to gain under the Articles of Confederation?
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freedom, independence, and a firm league of friendship
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Describe the government under the Articles of Confederation.
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Congress could not pass laws to collect taxes.
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What was one weakness if the Articles of Confederation?
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The government had only one branch.
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What caused Shay’s Rebellion?
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Massachusetts property taxes were hard on farmers.
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True or False: The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 divided the territory into smaller territories.
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True
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True or False: The Northwest Territory would automatically become a state.
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False
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What was the original purpose of the Constitutional Convention?
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to revise the Articles of Confederation
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Which point in the Virginia Plan was objected to by supporters of the New Jersey Plan?
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Larger states would have more representatives in Congress
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Describe the Great Compromise.
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1. Congress made up of 2 houses 2. Equal representation in the Senate 3. Representation based on population in the House of Representatives
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What was the outcome of the Constitutional Convention?
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The Constitution replaced the Articles of Confederation.
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True or False: One of the goals stated in the Preamble is to protect the people’s liberty.
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True
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True or False: One of the major goals of the Constitution is to control all laws in the states.
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False
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Which group wanted a strong national government like that set forth in the Constitution?
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Federalists
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Describe the Antifederalists.
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People who were unhappy with the Constitution.
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Describe the Bill of Rights.
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Ten Constitutional amendments specifying freedoms.
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What happened when Congress pledged to add the Bill of Rights to the Constitution?
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Many states signed the Constitution
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How did Benjamin Franklin describe the government under the Constitution?
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\”A republic, if you can keep it.\”
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What are the three branches of government and their roles?
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Legislative – makes laws Judicial – interprets laws Executive – carries out laws
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What is one of the amendments in the Bill of Rights?
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#2 Protects the right to own and bear firearms.

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