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SOC101: Quiz Set

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a (the allocation of resources)
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Which of these do NOT sociologists consider part of the concept of diversity? a. the allocation of resources b. the formation of group identity c. studying group differences in opportunities within society d. the process of social change
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c (social forces impacting private lives.)
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According to the sociological imagination, the current high numbers of college graduates moving back in with their families reflects: a. none of the above. b. individual choices. c. social forces impacting private lives. d. failed socialization
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d (critical distance)
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George Simmel was particularly interested in the role of \”strangers\” in social groups. According to Simmel, strangers have a unique perspective because while they are part of the group they also have _____. a. debunking b. functionalism c. their own emotional responses d. critical distance
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a (was interested in urban problems.)
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Robert Park a. was interested in urban problems. b. used a reform-based approach. c. emphasized qualitative research. d. focused on immigrant workers.
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c (related to the structure of society and social institutions.)
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Using a sociological perspective C. Wright Mills points out that unemployment is _________. a. is a product of the environment. b. none of the above. c. related to the structure of society and social institutions. d. only an individual problem.
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d (Americans had little independence of mind, despite their emphasis on individualism.)
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Which of these is an observation that de Tocqueville made in his study of American society? a. American were mostly controlled by capitalist values. b. Individual freedom was widespread despite the principle of majority rule. c. Democratic values had little impact on American social institutions. d. Americans had little independence of mind, despite their emphasis on individualism.
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b (the study of human behavior in society)
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Sociology is defined as _____. a. the study of past cultures b. the study of human behavior in society c. the study of individuals and their personalities d. the study of past societies
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a (empirical analysis)
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To study human behavior, sociologists use _____. a. empirical analysis b. media c. common sense d. debunked myths
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c (faith in the ability of human reason to solve society’s problems)
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The Enlightenment had an enormous influence on the development of modern sociology because it was characterized by a. the influence of religion as a system of authority and law. b. an emphasis on the supernatural. c. faith in the ability of human reason to solve society’s problems. d. the spread of socialism.
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a (three dimensions: political, economic, and cultural)
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While Marx saw economics as the organizing influence on society, Weber focused on a. three dimensions: political, economic, and cultural. b. primarily the political system. c. problems of cultural diversity. d. two dimensions: the personal and the political.
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d (faith in the ability of human reason to solve society’s problems.)
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The Enlightenment had an enormous influence on the development of modern sociology because it was characterized by a. the influence of religion as a system of authority and law. b. an emphasis on the supernatural. c. the spread of socialism. d. faith in the ability of human reason to solve society’s problems.
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c (empirical analysis)
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To study human behavior, sociologists use _____. a. common sense b. debunked myths c. empirical analysis d. media
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a (coining the term \”sociology.\”)
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August Comte is known for: a. coining the term \”sociology.\” b. developing the first sociology program. c. writing the first sociology textbook. d. conducting the first sociological research.
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c (the \”tyranny of the majority\”)
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Alex de Tocqueville referred to the ability of the majority in a democracy to impose its will on everyone else as _____. a. the \”tyranny of democracy\” b. \”unenlightened despotism\” c. the \”tyranny of the majority\” d. \”manifest destiny\”
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d (three dimensions: political, economic, and cultural.)
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While Marx saw economics as the organizing influence on society, Weber focused on a. problems of cultural diversity. b. primarily the political system. c. two dimensions: the personal and the political. d. three dimensions: political, economic, and cultural.
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c. the social basis of human behavior.
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According to the text, Durkheim’s major contribution to the discipline of sociology was the understanding of a. the effect of verstehen on our conception of reality. b. the effects of capitalism on society. c. the social basis of human behavior. d. the relationship that exists between man and nature.
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a (social structure)
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Sociologists refer to the organized patterns of social relationships and social institutions that make up society as the _____. a. social structure b. social framework c. sociological perspective d. interactionist perspective
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c (scientific observation and description)
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Positivism refers to a. being very certain of one’s research methods. b. a belief system first suggested by Emile Durkheim. c. scientific observation and description d. thinking very optimistically about society.
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b (They are classical thinkers whose ideas continue to influence the social sciences.)
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What do Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber all have in common? a. They were all German economists. b. They are classical thinkers whose ideas continue to influence the social sciences. c. They were all political rebels who were imprisoned for their ideas. d. They are largely discredited sociologists.
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b (is fair because some roles are more important to society than others.)
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From a functionalist perspective, unequal distribution of resources a. is a reflection of who has the most power to decide how resources are distributed. b. is fair because some roles are more important to society than others. c. does not occur. d. is not fair since everyone has an important role to play in society.