Analyze the Soc. Ch. 8 msbaile0326 Essay

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Social stratification is a concept that refers to
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ranking categories of people in a hierarchy
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Using the sociology perspective, we see that social stratification
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gives some people more privileges and opportunities than others
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Comparing societies in history around the world, we see that social stratification may be universal, but ________ varies from one society to another
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All of these are correct
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A caste system is defined as
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social stratification based on ascription, or birth
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If you lived in a society with a traditional caste system, you would expect your marriage to be
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endogamous
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The historical replacement of the caste system with class systems
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replaces one kind of inequality with another
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A college professor with advanced degrees, moderate salary, and little power to shape national events
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low status consistency
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The concept of social structural mobility refers to
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change in the social position of many people due to changes in society itself
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The idea that social inequality benefits society is associated with what concept
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structural-functional approach
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According to Karl Marx, social stratification in a capitalist society always involves
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class conflict
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The idea that social inequality is harmful and divides society is associated with
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social-conflict approach
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Marx thought of inequality in terms of two main classes. In contrast, Weber envisioned inequality in terms of
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a socioeconomic ranking
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The wealthiest one percent of U.S families controls about _____of the nation’s privately held wealth
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35 percent
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If you followed the lead of Max Weber, you would think of social stratification in terms of
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A multidimensional hierarchy status
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Which of the following factors tends to raise your social standing
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getting married and staying married
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Relative poverty
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is found everywhere
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The concept of ‘feminism of poverty’ refers to the fact that, in the United States
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women make up an increasing percentage of the poor population
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The point of the story about passenger deaths that accompanied the sinking of the ocean liner the Titanic is that
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social stratification is important and can sometimes be a matter of life and death
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A common micro-level pattern involving social interaction is that
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people tend to socialize with others in about the same social position
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Being in the upper-upper class is usually the result of ____; being in the lower-upper class is more of a matter of
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birth; achievement

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