SOC 131 Ch 1

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Unrecognized and unintended consequences of a social pattern are called
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latent functions
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According to Auguste Comte, people begin to see society as a natural-rather than a supernatural-phenomenon as their society enters which stage of development?
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metaphysical stage
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Which early U.S. sociologist studied the African American community and served as a founding member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)?
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W.E.B. Du Bois
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By stating that the sociological perspective shows us \”the strange in the familiar,\” the text argues that sociologists
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reject the familiar idea that people simply decide how to act in favor of the initially strange idea that society shapes our lives
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The term \”sociology\” was coined in 1838 by
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Auguste Comte
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An example of a latent function of college is
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keeping young people out of the labor force, which may not have jobs for them
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Comte described the earliest human societies as being at which stage of historical development?
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theological stage
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Which early sociologist received the first doctorate ever awarded by Harvard University to a person of color?
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W.E.B. Du Bois
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Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
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Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
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C. Wright Mills claimed that the \”sociological imagination\” transformed
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personal problems into public issues
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A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it
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ignores the influence of factors such as culture, class, gender, and race
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Sociology differs from the older discipline of philosophy by focusing on
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how society actually operates
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A social-conflict approach to sports would be an analysis of
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how sports reflect social inequality
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According to Emile Durkheim, categories of people with a higher suicide rate typically have
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lower social integration
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Sociology first appeared as a formal discipline in
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France
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A manifest function of sports is
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providing recreation and physical conditioning
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Unrecognized and unintended consequences of a social pattern are called
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latent functions
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Comte described the earliest human societies as being at which stage of historical development
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theological stage
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According to Auguste Comte, people begin to see society as a natural-rather than a supernatural-phenomenon as their society enters which stage of development?
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metaphysical stage
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A criticism of the symbolic-interaction approach is that it
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ignores the influence of factors such as culture, class, gender, and race
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A symbolic-interaction analysis of sports would conclude that
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winning at sports means different things to different people
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A social-exchange analysis states that
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people typically seek mates who offer as much as they do
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The theoretical approach in sociology that assumes society is a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability is the
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structural-functional approach
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Sociology first appeared as a formal discipline in
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France
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A sociologist using the gender-conflict approach might state that
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in many ways, men are in positions of power over women
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Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach
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Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
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Among the historical changes that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline was
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the rise of the industrial economy and growth of cities
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A limitation of the structural-functional approach is that it
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focuses on stability at the expense of conflict
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\”A mental construct that represents some aspect of the world in a somewhat simplified form\” is the definition of a
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concept
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A social-conflict approach to sports would be an analysis of
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how sports reflect social inequality

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