SOC 101 Chapter 3 PostTest

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\”Wage Differentials Between Male and Female Factory Workers in 19th-Century England\”
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The students in a college sociology class have been assigned to write a 10-page research paper. The students are free to write on any topic they choose, as long as they write it using the feminist or gender-conflict approach. Student Victor Ramirez is proud of his work and is looking forward to turning in his paper, which he plans to title __________.
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a decrease in the diversity of languages spoken around the world
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One result of high-technology communication, increasing international migration, and an expanding global economy has been __________.
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high culture
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Polo is to __________ as soccer is to popular culture.
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symbol
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The U.S. flag is to __________ as \”b4n\” is to \”cyber-symbol.\”
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equality of opportunity
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Catherine, a mid-level corporate executive, wishes to join one of her city’s private clubs that is popular with local business people. The club administrators deny her membership application, however, stating that the club historically has admitted men only. Catherine brings a lawsuit against the club, alleging that she is being denied access to informal yet important business discussions on the basis of her gender. What key United States value underlies Catherine’s lawsuit?
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A husband and wife from the United States decide to treat themselves to a trip around the world. While in Indonesia, they are offered roasted dog for dinner and, in disgust, they decide to return home.
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Which of the following scenarios would a sociologist say is the result of culture shock?
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Edward Sapir and Benjamin Whorf
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Based on what you have read thus far in your textbook, which of the following scholars would be most likely to make the following statement? \”The languages of people who live in extremely cold climates contain a wider variety of terms to describe the concept of snow than do the languages of people who live in warmer climates. This is because snow represents a much greater part of the reality of cold-climate cultures.\”
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In a capitalist society, people learn to define personal happiness in terms of material possessions.
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Which of the following statements illustrates the social conflict approach to culture?
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Sociobiology
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Your sociology professor has assigned an article recently published in a professional sociology journal. The title of the article is \”Evolutionary Explanations of Male Sexual Promiscuity.\” Which theoretical approach would this article most likely take?
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ethnocentrism
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A high school teacher from Boulder, Colorado, is visiting Paris with a group of her students, whom she hopes to immerse in the culture of France. While there, the students refuse to eat anywhere other than McDonald’s and Pizza Hut, they make fun of the accents and clothing of various Paris residents, and seemingly they never stop listening to their iPods. In sociological terms, the teacher is surprised to find that her students are engaging in __________.
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the play Hamlet
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Which of the following is an example of high culture in our society?
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**NOT-folkways**
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The beliefs held by members of the Catholic faith, the philosophy of Confucianism, and the requirements for graduation from college are all examples of __________.
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True
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Joking can be classified as a cultural universal because jokes are known to exist in all known cultural systems.
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cultural universals
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The family, funeral rites, and jokes are all examples of __________.
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True
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Language is the key to cultural transmission.
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taboo
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One example of a __________ in U.S. culture is the prohibition against marriage between a father and a daughter.
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The data indicated that the Asian American population was growing nationwide and that Asian Americans tended to be financially secure. The executives hoped to increase company profits by building awareness of the company among Asian Americans.
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What data from the U.S. Census Bureau guided the decision of IBM executives to focus on one particular category of people in its 1990 cultural diversity initiative?
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True
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People who live in higher-income countries tend to develop cultures that are more secular and rational than those of people who live in lower-income countries.
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language
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Which of the following is the foundation of the process of cultural transmission?
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\”out of many, one\”
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The Latin phrase E pluribus unum, which is a motto that appears on all U.S. coins, means __________.
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**NOT-Spanish**
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_________ is now the preferred second language in most of the world.
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True
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One of the key values of U.S. culture is progress.
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languages spoken in this country
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We can estimate that there are hundreds of cultures in the United States because the U.S. Census Bureau recently listed 382 __________.
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Feminist theory
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Which theoretical approach would most likely lead us to learn that there are fewer women than men in top corporate positions?
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Asian Americans
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To expand their business, executives of the investment brokerage Charles Schwab & Co. used the results of research data to launch a diversity initiative in 1990 that focused on __________.

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