Single-pilot Resource Management (SRM)
b. Risk Management (RM)
c. Task Management (TM)
d. Automation Management (AM)
e. Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) awareness
f. Situational Awareness (SA)
a. Plan – weather, route, publications, ATC reroutes/delays, fuel onboard/remaining
b. Plane – mechanical status, automation status, database currency, backup systems
c. Pilot – illness, medication, stress, alcohol, fatigue, eating (IMSAFE)
d. Passenger – pilot/non-pilots, nervous or quiet, experienced or new, business or pleasure
e. Programming – autopilot, GPS, MFD/PFD; anticipate likely reroutes/clearance; questions to ask – What is it doing? Why is it doing it? Did I do it?
Two models for ADM practicing: DECIDE and 3P
b. Choose a course of action
c. Implement the decision
d. Evaluate the outcome
b. Estimate the need to counter or react to a change.
c. Choose the most desirable outcome for the flight.
d. Identify actions to successfully control the change.
e. Do something to adapt to the change.
f. Evaluate the effect of the action countering the change.
b. Process – by evaluating their impact on flight safety: CARE.
c. Perform – by implementing the best course of action.
b. Aircraft – airworthiness, equipment, performance capability
c. EnVironment – weather hazards, terrain, airports/runways to be used, conditions
d. External pressures – meetings, people waiting at destination, desire to impress someone, etc.
b. Impulsivity – Think first (not so fast.)
c. Invulnerability – it could happen to me.
d. Macho – Taking chance is foolish
e. Resignation – I can make a difference, I am not helpless.