Section 4 – The Reformation Continues

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What was Calvin’s idea of the \”elect\” and their place in society?
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Calvin stated in his teachings that God picked a few people to save, or earn salvation, and he called these people the \”elect\”. The \”elect\” members
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What role did noblewomen play in the Reformation?
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Noblewomen protected reformers. The sister of King Francis I, Marguerite of Navarre, protected Calvin from being executed for his beliefs in France and she supported the call for reform of the Church. Katherina Zell, spouse of Matthew Zell of Strasbourg, scolded a minister for speaking harshly of a reformer, even though the minister stated she was disturbing the peace in which she responded back defending her argument.
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What were the three goals of Jesuits?
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(1) Jesuits founded schools throughout Europe, teachers educated in classical studies and theology, (2) convert non-Christians to Catholic, sent missionaries around world, (3) stop spread of Protestantism.
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What were social beliefs of Calvinism?
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Council of elders govern each Church, God has predetermined who will be saved, Bible is sole source of revealed truth, worship service focused on preaching, and believers interpret the Bible for themselves
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What were social beliefs of Presbyterian?
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Each community church was governed by presbyters, group of elders; God has predetermined who will be saved, Bible is sole source of revealed truth, worship service focused on preaching, and believers interpret the Bible for themselves
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What were social beliefs of Anabaptist?
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English monarch is head of the Church, salvation by faith alone, Bible is sole source of revealed truth, worship service based on ritual and preaching, and believers interpret the Bible using tradition and reason
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What are the three major activities of the Jesuits?
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(1) Jesuits founded schools throughout Europe, teachers educated in classical studies and theology, (2) convert non-Christians to Catholic, sent missionaries around world, (3) stop spread of Protestantism.
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Why were the effects of the work of the Jesuit missionaries so long lasting?
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The leader took around 18 years to find enough missionaries
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What role did Pope Paul III play in reforming the Catholic Church?
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Pope Paul III : Four Steps, 1st directed council of cardinals to investigate indulgence selling and abuses in the Church; 2nd Jesuit order approved; 3rd Inquisition, a papal judicial process put in place to try & punish heretic;4th council of Church leaders met in Trent
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What role did Pope Paul IV play in reforming the Catholic Church?
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& Pope Paul IV: made the Index of Forbidden Books, made Catholic bishops all over burn the books on the list (including the Protestant bibles), 10,000 books per day burned
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What important events of the Reformation?
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Religious/Social Effects: Protestant churches increased, Catholic Church became more unified (because of reforms started at Council of Trent), Catholics & Protestants gave more emphasis to role of education (founded parish schools & new colleges / universities
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A theory that God has known since the beginning of time who will be saved
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Predestination
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A movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself and help Catholics remain loyal
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Council of Trent
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Members of the Society of Jesuits who focused on creating schools, converting non-Christians to Catholicism, and stopping the spread of Protestantism
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Jesuits
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A religion based on teachings of John Calvin
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Calvinism
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A government that is controlled by religious leaders
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theocracy
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A meeting of Catholic bishops and cardinals where they agreed on several Catholic doctrines
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Catholic Reformation
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People who believed that a person must be able to decide to be Christian before he or she can be baptized
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Anabaptist
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Followers of John Knox who believed that each community church should be governed by a group of presbyters
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Presbyterians

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