Second Half HLTH 236

question

Determinants of Health
answer

(P)olicy Making Biology and Genetics Individual Behavior Social Factors Health Services
question

Health Care Disparity
answer

looks at the problem
question

Health Care Dissimilar
answer

Factors that cause the problem
question

Health Equity
answer

refers to the study of differences in the quality of health and healthcare across different populations. Health equity is different from health equality, as it refers only to the absence of disparities in controllable or remediable aspects of health
question

Socio-Environmental Theory
answer

Risk Exposure- personal assessment of risk, how they identify risk Resource Deprivation- availability of resources; who is going to be their care provider?, safe parks and gyms to go to
question

Socio-Ecological Theory
answer

Intrapersonal>Interpersonal>Organizational>Community>Public Policy
question

White
answer

Races with light complexion
question

Caucasian
answer

Indo-European
question

Occidental
answer

native of the west
question

Western
answer

Originated from Western or European countries
question

European
answer

Native of Europe
question

General Population
answer

everyone studied within a population
question

*Role of the Comparison Population
answer

Permits assessment of inequities by ethnic or racial groups Seek understanding through comparison Interpret disease trends and assess whether the health of minority groups deviate from expectiates
question

Resource Deprivation Theory
answer

Minorities are more likely than Whites to live in communities that are lacking in the necessary infrastructure to support a healthy lifestyle.
question

HIV/AIDS
answer

African Americans representation is 3 times greater than their proportion of the population
question

Percent in Poverty for African Americans
answer

22%
question

Death Rates
answer

AIAN African American Hispanic White Asian
question

Selective Survival
answer

After age 80, mortality rates decrease
question

Health definition
answer

the state of complete mental, physical and social well-being not merely the absence of disease and infirmity Comfort, well-being, and the distinction between physical and mental health differs in social classes cultures and religious groups Seen as a resource for everyday life, not the object of living
question

T/F Ethnicity is a social category based on similar physical appearances
answer

FALSE- that’s race
question

According to the NIH, ______ is the categorization of a population based on physical appearances due to particular historical, social, and political forces.
answer

Race
question

The focus of ethnicity are the common cultural traits such as:
answer

Language, religion, and beliefs
question

T/F Health Care Disparities are the difference in the presence of illnesses, health outcomes, or access to care
answer

True
question

Socio-environmental factors include:
answer

Cultures Politics Policies
question

T/F Health Disparities are the differences in prevalence, incidence, mortality, and burden of disease
answer

TRUE
question

T/F Mortality Rate is the number of deaths within a population
answer

TRUE
question

T/F Morbidity is the number of individuals with a disease, illness, injury, and disability
answer

True
question

How long did the Tuskegee Syphilis Study last?
answer

40 years
question

What are some of the events that helped shape our understanding of ethical research, according to the Tuskegee Syphilis lecture?
answer

Nuremburg War crimes Human Radiation Studies US Public Health Service Syphilis Study
question

Long before, HIV had been identified, AIDS had become stigmatized as a result of its higher prevalence amongst:
answer

Homosexual men and promiscuous women
question

T/F Mortality data for the US reveals that, compared to the white population, African American/blacks have an elevated death rate for 8 of the 10 leading causes of death
answer

TRUE
question

T/F Infant Mortality Rate is defined as the probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age per 1,000 live births
answer

TRUE
question

T/F In recent years, Department of Health and Human Services, directive 15 has been praised for sufficiently reflecting the Nation’s diversity and aiding in closing the gaps in health and healthcare disparities
answer

False- should be the Office of Management and Budget(OMB)
question

T/F African Women and White American women were more similar in low birth weight comparison
answer

TRUE
question

The Infant Mortality in the US is _____ other developed nations in the world
answer

HIGHER than any
question

Booker T. Washington
answer

made a direct link between the economic progress of Blacks and the negative impact being caused by premature death from disease, thus launching the first comprehensive public education campaign geared towards Negro health in US
question

Margaret Heckler
answer

Health and Human Services, established OMH
question

Incidence Rate
answer

rate a disease develops over a certain period of time
question

Primary Prevention
answer

strategies used to avoid diseases Ex. vaccinations
question

Secondary Prevention
answer

early diagnosis and treatment of existing disease and/or health condition in order to avoid further devilitative effects Ex. screenings (self breast exam and pap smears) Aim: catch it early to avoid advancement
question

Tertiary Prevention
answer

fighting the disease and/or health condition when signs or symptoms are present to minimize complications Ex. Medication therapy adherance, changing diet/exercise regimen
question

Quaternary Prevention
answer

avoidance of over-treatment
question

The socio-ecological model describes how context determines health and health behaviors.
answer

True
question

T/F Morbidity is the number of deaths in a population at a given time.
answer

False- Mortality
question

John Henryism
answer

Individuals with lower social status are routinely exposed to psychological and socioeconomic stressors, which require them to exert considerable energy daily to manage the psychological consequences generated by chronic stress.
question

Risk Exposure Theory
answer

A high prevalence of social or environmental health risks in predominantly minority communities leads to a higher prevalence of disease and death.
question

Immigration and Acculturation
answer

foreign-born persons have better health outcomes than US born counterparts
question

Weathering Hypothesis
answer

The health status of minorities begins to prematurely deteriorate in young adulthood.
question

Index of Dissimilarity
answer

Geography-where people are located Change of health communities Segregation Which health issues are more prominent in different groups
question

Describe the health status utilization behaviors/experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native
answer

Historically, extreme health problems- no immunity to diseases brought by Europeans Experienced severe opression Tend to have income below federal poverty level, high unemployment Cultural differences in health care and access so limited service Poverty and low SES language and cultural barriers obesity and alcohol major health risks
question

major health risks and health care utilization among Hispanics
answer

Nearly 31% of Hispanics do NOT have a usual source of healthcare Variations in health insurance coverage is due to differences in legal status Not as likely to obtain employment in companies that offer health benefits Huge language barrier Type 2 Diabetes -poverty prevents access in care Breast Cancer- in Latinas

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member