Sculpt & Ceramics

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Harmony
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When there are elements that are similar in an image there is…
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2
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How many dimensions does a silhouette have
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Calmness
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Horizontal lines suggest what
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Emphasis
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The most important part or thing that stands out in composition is called
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Hue,Value,Intensity
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Three ways to describe color are
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Texture
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The way a surface looks or feels is called
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positive and negative
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There are two kinds of space
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vertical
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This design principle deals with differences in elements
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movement
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When your eye sweeps across a page in a certain manner we call this
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Rythm
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This design principle deals with repetition
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Symmetrical and Asymmetrical
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Name two different kinds of balance
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Variety
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This design principle deals with differences in elements
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Composition
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The arrangement of elements in an artwork is known as
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Porpotion
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The relationship of elements in terms of size is
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Graduation
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when things gradually change from one element to another there is
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Unity
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The principle of design that an artist mat use in order to bring a sense of wholeness or completness to a work of art is called
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Intensity
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The brightness or dullness of a color is
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2 dimensions
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how many dimensions does a shape have
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diagonal
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These lines tend to be dynamic . They are great at leading the eyes into an image
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3
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how many dimensions does a form have
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value
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the lightness or darkness of a color is its
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the arrangements of elements in an artwork
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What is the definition of composition
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natural things animals plants or shapes that do not suggest anything
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what are organic shapes
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hot/warm
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What temperature does plaster become once it begins to set
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warm
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What is the temperature water must you use when mixing a batch of plaster
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dip it in the bucket to get excess of the intense
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What is the proper procedure for rinsing your hands from plaster
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modeling
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A sculptural technique in which a 3D form is shaped in of material such as clay, wax, or paper mache
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clay
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A ceramic sculpture is made with what material
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carving
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What is the name of the method of creating a sculpture in which tools are used to chisel or cut into the materials
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casting
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What is the term used for creating a sculpture or form using a mold to provide a way for materials to take shape
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you have whitehands
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After mixing the plaster how do you check to see if the plaster is ready to pour
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shifting
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Plaster is added to water in what matter
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mounds of plaster
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when mixing plaster how do you know when youve added enough plaster? what will you see
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thumbnail
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A quick drawing often done in preparation for a larger more detailed work of art is called a?
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rubber buckets
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what type of container is used to mix plaster in for an wasy clean up
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subtractive
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When we carve plaster we are using which method? (taking away from sculpture)
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negative and positive
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Name two kinds of space that are consciously used in Henry Moores sculptures
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pebbles and bones
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Name one natural form that Moore was interested in besides the human figure
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reclining,groups,mother and child
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The subject matter of moores sculptures were of humans in the following poses
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stone
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moore carved pieces were usually done in
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bronze casting
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Later on in his career moore uses the technique of what became more dominant
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direct carving
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most of Henry Moores sculptures were done using the technique
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terricata clay
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which 3D material did Moore use for what he called his sketch models
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concave
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a form hollowed out and rounded inward like a bowl is called
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convext
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a form that is curved out like the exterior of a sphere is called
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kiln
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what is the name of the oven like enclosure
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wedging
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What is the term used to describe pounding and kneading of clay on a work table to drive the air bubbles from the clay
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fire
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What is the term used to describe the process of heating pottery or ceramic sculpture to desired temperature done in an oven like enclosure called a kiln
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pinch
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what is the term used to describe a hand building technique where a ball of clay is squeezed and pinched to for a pot
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coil
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What is the term used to describe a building technique where a snake like piece of clay is rolled out with the hands and then layered one on top of the other
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plastic
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what is the term used to describe the soft quality of the clay in a workable stage
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glazeware
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what is the term used to describe glazed and fired ceramic ware
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leatherhard
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what is the term used to describe clay which is semi dried to a firm stage
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bisque
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what is the term used to describe clay which is fired but not glazed
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greenware
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What is the term used to describe clay which is dried but not fired
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slab
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What is the term used to describe a piece of clay that has been flattened with the heel of the hand or rolled out with the rolling pin on canvas cloth
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drape
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What is the term used to describe a method to make a clay form where a slab of clay is draped over a mold to give it its shape and form
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slip and score
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what is the term used to describe the technique of joining two pieces of clay together with vinegar to create slip,then score the surface and then press the pieces together firmly
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spray water and cover with damp paper towels
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what should you use to keep your clay moist
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vinegar
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to create slip in the slip and score process use this liquid
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water
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use this liquid to smooth the surface of your clay when finished
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cover with damp newspaper
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How do you keep clay soft and moist for the next day
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reinforce coil
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After joining two slabs of clay together what must you do to make sure that the seems wont split apart
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water
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What liquid is the best to use for smoothing large bumps and coil ridges
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greenware
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What is the most fragile stage of pottery
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no
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Can finished clay products that are still wet be fired
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creative and relate to design
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Handles for lids should be…
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so it doesnt make your sculpture collapse
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When wrapping your pottery in damp paper towels why is it important that the paper towels be less wet
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Matte glaze
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Which glaze gives a satin finish and reduces visibility of lumps and bumps
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underglaze
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this glaze is used for very fine detail work because colors will not run into it. This glaze requires a clear transparent glaze over it
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sgraffito
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This is a technique where a contrasting layer of sli is applies to freen ware and a sharp tool is used to scratch a design in orer to reveal the color of the clay underneath
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4-5
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When glazing pottery with gloss glaze a good number of coats to apply is
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3
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When glazing pottery with matt glaze a good number of coats to apply is
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incision
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What is the term used to describe lines cut into the clay
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carving
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What is the term used to describe using a tool to remove larger areas and shapes from the clay surface
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applique
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Cutting out clay shapes and adding them to build up a raised surface is called what
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glaze
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A thin coating of minerals that produces a glass like coating is called?
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impression
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Leaving an imprint or indentation in the clay by pressing a texture item or object into it is called what
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jewlery, kitchen utensils
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Which types of 3D objects did Calder create other than sculpture
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the mobile
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What did Alexander Calder invent
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mechanical enginerring
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What degree did Calder earn at Stevens Institute
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study of movement
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How did Calder field of study influence his work
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wire
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What technique won Calder worldwide recognition
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motorized air currents
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What type of movement did Calder use in his sculpture
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circus and charatertures
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Name at least one theme or subject that Calder concentrated on when he worked in wire
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1) an element (L)
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line
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2)an element (S)
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shape
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3) an element (C)
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color
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4) an element (v)
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value
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5)an element (T)
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texture
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6)an element (S)
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space
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7) an element (f)
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form
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1) a principle (m)
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movement
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2) a principle (r)
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rhythm
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3) a principle (P)
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porportion
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4)a principle (b)
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balance
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5) a principle (u)
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Unity
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6) a principle (e)
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Emphasis
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7) a principle (g)
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gradiation
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8) a principle (H)
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Harmony
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9) a principle (v)
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Variety
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Hand building #1
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Roll clay out on a canvas cloth
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Hand building #2
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Cut out peices
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Hand building #3
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let dry to leather hard stage
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Hand building #4
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Cut 45 degree angles on all sides
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Hand building #5
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Put them together slip and score
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Hand building #6
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take a coil and blend it in the seam
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Hand building #7
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Smooth the pottery in a damp sponge
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Explain Henry Moor experience in London underground subway during the WWII may have influenced his style of figurative sculptures
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Everyone was wrapped in blankets with mostly mother and child which became a technique in his later life. He would sketch the mother and children usually reclinig or laying that he saw underground.. and later scuplt

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