Science – Classification Study Guide

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classification
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is the process of arranging organisms into groups based on similarities.
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taxonomy
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is the science of naming and classifying organisms.
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genus
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is a group of species that have similar characteristics
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binomial nomenclature
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describes a a system of naming something using two names or words. each species has a scientific name. two parts: genus species name
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species
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a group of living things that are so closely related that they can breed with one another and produce offspring that can breed as well.
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dichotomus key
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is used to help identify unknown plants and animals. the key asks you to answer yes or no questions about a plant or animal.
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domain
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kingdoms arranged into larger groups are called domains.
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plantae
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includes plants such as trees, grass and moss.
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animalia
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includes animals from lions and tigers and bears to bugs and multicellular microbes.
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protista
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includes organisms that dont fit easily into animals, plants or fungi. they are either unicellular organisms or have a simple multicellular structure.
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fungi
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includes mushrooms, molds and yeast
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archaea
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contains organisms that are similar to bacteria, but have a cell structure that is so different that scientists separate them into their own kingdom.
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bacteria
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are unicellular organisms with no nucleus.
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know the levels of taxonomy from the largest to the smallest
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domain kingdom phyllum class order family genus species
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which level of taxonomy would have the most species in it?
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domain
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which level of taxonomy would have the least amount of species in it?
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species
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which two levels of classification is a scientific name made up of?
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genus and species
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know how to do a dichotomous key.know how to write the scientific name for an organism.review the dichotomous keys we did in class located in your journal and in your binder.
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