Scheffer-SS 6th Grade-"Tools of Geography

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Which of the five themes of geography describes where a place is found?
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Location
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Which way of viewing Earth’s surface allows geographers to store & use information linked to geographic locations?
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Geographic information systems (GIS)
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What are the two basic questions geographers try to answer when they study Earth?
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Where are things located? & Why are they there?
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On which type of map would you look at to find the capital of Montana?
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Political map
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What type of information does a physical map show?
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Natural features
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Which part of a map would you look at to find directions on a physical map?
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Compass rose
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What type of map would you use to find the elevation of mountain ranges?
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Physical map
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Give an example of an intermediate direction.
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Southeast, Northwest etc.
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What type of map would you look at to find the voting results for a recent presidential election?
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Special-purpose map
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When a geographer studies migration patterns, which theme of geography is he or she using?
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Movement
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In addition to photographs, list two other ways to view & show Earth’s surface.
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Maps & Globes
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How does the theme of location differ from the other themes of geography?
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Location describes where a place is found, while the other themes describe the features of a place.
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An equal-area map shows the correct size of landmasses, but what happens to the shapes?
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The shapes of the landmasses are distorted
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Geographers use photographs as well as maps. However, what is one disadvantage to using photographs to view Earth’s surface?
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It can be hard to find specific features, such as roads
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What do you call \”north-south\” lines such as the Prime Meridian?
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Longitude
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Define equator.
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An imaginary line drawn around Earth halfway betweeen the North & South poles
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Which of the five themes of geography is most useful when studying different places?
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Movement
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What does a map key explain?
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The symbols & shading on the map
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What does a map’s scale bar show?
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How much space on the map represents a given distance on the land
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How do lines of latitude & Longitude help geographers study Earth?
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These lines help geographers pinpoint exact location on Earth’s surface
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In order to study Earth, geographers need to measure it & locate points on its surface. What is one way to do this?
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Geographers use directions to measure & locate points on Earth’s surface
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Give an example from your notes on the theme of human-environment interaction.
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The building of a dam across a river
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Your text book mentions three examples of special-purpose maps. What are they?
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Presidential elections, highways (streets), & weather patterns
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What is the difference between relative location & absolute location?
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Absolute describes a place’s exact position on Earth in terms of latitude/longitude Relative describes the location of a place relative to another place
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What have geographers come up with to show a flat image of Earth’s surface?
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Different types of projections
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What shape is Earth?
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Sphere
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\”North-south\” lines on a globe measure longitude, the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian. What do you call \”east-west\” lines & what do they measure?
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Latitude measure distances north or south of the Equator
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What does a compass rose show?
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A diagram of a compass showing direction
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What term do geographers use to describe one half of Earth?
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Hemisphere
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What do you call computer-based systems/devices that store data about locations?
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Geographic information system (GIS)
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Contrast the type of information shown on a physical map with the data shown on a political map.
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A physical map concentrates on the natural features of an area, such as its elevation or bodies of water. A political map shows the man-made political boundaries(countries/cities) of an area rather than its natural features.
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Explain why a compass rose appears on many different maps.
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The compass rose provides basic information about cardinal directions that applies the many different types of map, regardless of the specific information that the map displays
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How are latitude & Longitude similar? How are they different?
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Same=imaginary lines & both measure distances Different=latitude runs East & West, measures North & South Longitude runs North & South, measures East & West

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