Sacred Spaces

Flashcard maker : Sara Graham
The Parthenon was built during the
a) 6th century BCE
b) 5th century BCE
c) 4th century BCE
d) 1st century BCE
A campanile is a
a) gateway
b) tomb
c) bell tower
d) courtyard
A stupa is associated with
a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Shintoism
d) Islam
The Hagia Sophia was built under the direction of
a) Pericles
b) Hadrian
c) Constantine
d) Justinian
Which of the following was an architectural feature of Old St. Peters in Rome?
a) a transept
b) pendentives
c) groin vaults
d) a central plan
The ancient Sumerians built their ziggurats with
a) volcanic tufa
b) marble
c) mud brick
d) granite
Phidias was
a) an architect of the Parthenon
b) a sculptor of ancient Greece
c) a mathematician who designed the Hagia Sophia
d) a Roman emperor who built the Pantheon
These statuettes were found within a/an
a) Buddhist stupa
b) Hindu temple
c) Sumerian temple
d) Egyptian tomb
The innermost chamber of a Hindu temple is called a
a) torana
b) garbha griha
c) amalaka
d) harmika
In an Islamic mosque, the faithful are directed towards Mecca in prayer by a niche known as a
a) minaret
b) madrasa
c) minbar
d) mihrab
This is the plan of which of the following?
a) the Hagia Sophia
b) San Vitale
c) Old St. Peters
d) Santa Costanza
Which of the following is NOT true of the Ise Shrine?
a) It is rebuilt every ten years.
b) It is dedicated to the sun goddess Amaterasu.
c) It is constructed using a mortise and tenon system.
d) It is made of sacred cypress wood.
This building dates to the
a) 1st century BCE
b) 1st century CE
c) 2nd century CE
d) 3rd century CE
The architect of King Djoser’s Stepped Pyramid is
a) Imhotep
b) Khafre
c) Osiris
d) Senmut
Which of the following is NOT an architectural feature of this plan?
a) an apse
b) an atrium
c) an ambulatory
d) a transept
The Parthenon was built after the acropolis was destroyed by the
a) Assyrians
b) Egyptians
c) Spartans
d) Persians
Ushabtis are
a) jars for organs placed in Egyptian tombs
b) amulets to ward off evil
c) statuettes designed to perform labor for the deceased
d) burial chambers located under a pyramid
The Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser is located at
a) Gizeh
b) Thebes
c) Karnak
d) Saqqara
This structure is known as the
a) Temple of Athena Nike
b) Erechtheion
c) Propylaia
d) Siphnian Treasury
The lost statue of Athena originally located in the cella of the Parthenon was created by
a) Iktinos
b) Polykleitos
c) Phidias
d) Pericles
This facade of St. Peters was designed by
a) Gianlorenzo Bernini
b) Michelangelo
c) Carlo Maderno
d) Antonio da Sangallo
The freestanding row of columns surrounding the Parthenon is known as a/an
a) peristyle
b) architrave
c) stylobate
d) pediment
Gateways leading into the Great Stupa complex at Sanchi are known as
a) mandapas
b) harmikas
c) mandalas
d) toranas
This structure at Pisa is a/an
a) basilica
b) baptistery
c) cloister
d) refectory
The Ise Shrine is made of
a) mud brick
b) volcanic stone
c) cypress wood
d) mosaic tiles
The inner Ionic frieze of the Parthenon is believed to depict the
a) Panathenaic procession
b) Gigantomachy
c) Centauromachy
d) Athena Promachus
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem dates from the
a) 4th century
b) 7th century
c) 10th century
d) 13th century
The Pisa cathedral complex was funded by
a) the initiation of the Inquisition by Pope Gregory IX
b) goods confiscated by the Jews living in Italy
c) the conquest of Constantinople in 1204
d) the spoils of a naval victory over the Muslims in Sicily
This sculptural work was originally located within a/an
a) architrave
b) pediment
c) metope
d) triglyph
Where are tribunes (or galleries) located in St. Sernin at Toulouse?
a) around the apse
b) above the inner aisle
c) in the crossing
d) over the entrance
This fertility figure is known as a/an
a) linga
b) bodhisattva
c) yakshi
d) garbha griha
Votive figures were placed within Sumerian temples because they MOST LIKELY
a) embodied the essence of the worshipper who was not allowed access
b) were on public display and used for congregational worship
c) were believed to provide an abode for the spirits of deceased ancestors
d) functioned as columnar supports for the roof of the cella
These engaged columns are the first known stone columns in the history of architecture. They are located in
a) Syria
b) Greece
c) Mesopotamia
d) Egypt
Old St. Peters was built during the reign of
a) Hadrian
b) Constantine
c) Justinian
d) Augustus
The Hagia Sophia was built during the
a) 3rd century
b) 6th century
c) 9th century
d) 12th century
Which of the following structures does NOT have an ambulatory?
a) San Vitale in Ravenna
b) Santa Costanza in Rome
c) Old St. Peter’s in Rome
d) St. Sernin in Toulouse
This structure is located in
a) Ravenna
b) Rome
c) Istanbul
d) Pisa
Interior lighting of the Pantheon is made possible by the use of a/an
a) clerestory
b) narthex
c) oculus
d) ambulatory
This kondo (or golden hall) is located in
a) India
b) China
c) Korea
d) Japan
Which of the following is a Byzantine structure?
a) Santa Costanza in Rome
b) Old St. Peters in Rome
c) St. Sernin in Toulouse
d) Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
Inside a mosque, an imam stands on a pulpit known as a
a) minbar
b) minaret
c) muezzin
d) mihrab
This is the courtyard of a mosque in Damascus built by the
a) Abbasids
b) Fatimids
c) Umayyads
d) Safavids
Early Christian basilicas were modeled after Roman basilicas, or
a) temples
b) law courts
c) marketplaces
d) palaces
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus were architects of
a) Old St. Peters
b) the Parthenon
c) the Hagia Sophia
d) the Pantheon
Which of the following is NOT a feature of Chartres Cathedral?
a) an atrium
b) a transept
c) an apse
d) a nave
The linga, often placed in the womb chamber of a Hindu temple, is associated with
a) Shiva
b) Vishnu
c) Buddha
d) Brahma
These statues of saints at Chartres are located within a/an
a) apse
b) portal
c) narthex
d) ambo
In Early Christian catacombs, the deceased were often placed in niches known as
a) porticoes
b) loculi
c) spolia
d) lunettes
The “swelling” of columns on a Greek temple is often referred to as
a) tracery
b) entasis
c) spolia
d) fluting
A small concealed chamber in an Egyptian mastaba reserved for the ka statue of the deceased is called the
a) ben-ben
b) pylon
c) serdab
d) hypostyle hall
When this structure was built, the laity was confined to the
a) narthex
b) side aisles
c) nave
d) apse
At San Vitale in Ravenna, the emperor Justinian is depicted holding a Eucharistic vessel known as a
a) chalice
b) chasuble
c) refrigerium
d) paten
This statue is a replica of an original constructed of
a) gold and ivory
b) bronze and silver
c) gold and marble
d) marble and bronze
St. Sernin at Toulouse can BEST be described as
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
The Hagia Sophia replaced an earlier church that was destroyed during the
a) Persian Wars
b) Ottoman Conquest
c) Battle of Milvian Bridge
d) Nika Revolt
The empress depicted in this mosaic is distinguished by the use of a
a) nimbus
b) volute
c) peplos
d) jamb
The Great Plaza at Tikal is studded with numerous commemorative
a) stelae
b) pendentives
c) porticoes
d) mastabas
Which of the following is a feature of the Dome of the Rock?
a) an atrium
b) a minaret
c) a transept
d) an ambulatory
Adjacent to the central dome of the Hagia Sophia are
a) jambs
b) conches
c) pediments
d) coffers
This structure is
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
The square enclosure surrounding the yasti on the Great Stupa at Sanchi is called a
a) torana
b) linga
c) harmika
d) yakshi
The ritual of “darshan” is associated with a/an
a) Shinto shrine
b) Hindu temple
c) Buddhist monastery
d) Islamic mosque
In all likelihood, the Dome of the Rock was designed to outshine the nearby
a) Church of the Holy Sepulchre
b) Hagia Sophia
c) Old St. Peters
d) Umayyad Mosque
A centrally planned church MOST CLOSELY recalls the earlier designs of a Roman
a) basilica
b) martyrium
c) temple
d) palace
This structure was begun during the
a) 6th century
b) 9th century
c) 11th century
d) 13th century
At Khajuraho, the tower of the Vishvanatha Temple, located above the womb chamber, is called a/an
a) mandapa
b) harmika
c) vimana
d) sikhara
In this Early Christian fresco, who prefigures Christ?
a) an orant
b) Apollo
c) Isaac
d) Jonah
The entrance to the sacred temenos of the Acropolis is the
a) Erechtheion
b) Propylaia
c) Temple of Athena Nike
d) Arrephorion
Pilgrims traveled to Chartres Cathedral to view which of the following relics?
a) the tunic of the Virgin Mary
b) a fragment of the True Cross
c) the Crown of Thorns
d) the head of John the Baptist
Which of the following is NOT part of the tripartite nave elevation of the Cathedral of Pisa?
a) clerestory
b) nave arcade
c) triforium
d) galleries
This structure is associated with which of the following?
a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Islam
d) Shintoism
The nave of St. Sernin at Toulouse is covered by
a) a dome
b) a barrel vault
c) rib vaults
d) groin vaults
Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon was used as a
a) mausoleum
b) law court
c) treasury
d) marketplace
The columns of the Pantheon’s portico are
a) Doric
b) Ionic
c) Composite
d) Corinthian
This ornamental niche is known as a
a) mihrab
b) minbar
c) minaret
d) muezzin
Which of the following is NOT a term that refers to a sacred form or location?
a) axis mundi
b) omphalos
c) agora
d) mandala
At Old St. Peters, the tomb of St. Peter was marked with a ciborium or
a) baldacchino
b) pendentive
c) campanile
d) parapet
During the Byzantine period, the destruction of images, known as Iconoclasm, began during the
a) 6th century
b) 8th century
c) 10th century
d) 12th century
This plan has all of the following architectural features EXCEPT a/an
a) prothesis
b) transept
c) ambulatory
d) diaconicon
The Temple of Fortuna Virilis in Rome can BEST be described as
a) amphiprostyle
b) peripteral
c) pseudoperipteral
d) interaxial
This complex is located at
a) Saqqara
b) Damascus
c) Thebes
d) Uruk
Which of the following structures was designed to accommodate spirits known as “kami”?
a) the Great Stupa at Sanchi
b) the Temple of Vishnu at Deogarh
c) the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser
d) the Ise Shrine
Mosaics in the ambulatory of this structure depict
a) putti harvesting grapes
b) a Byzantine emperor and empress in liturgical roles
c) images of Old Testament figures prefiguring Christ
d) the Virgin Mary enthroned
The nine levels of Temple I at Tikal are believed to represent the nine levels of the
a) heavens
b) earthly realms
c) underworld
d) oceans
A pillared hall in a Hindu temple is called a
a) sikhara
b) mandapa
c) gopurum
d) vimana
Which of the following is NOT a feature of this structure?
a) a podium
b) engaged columns
c) a portico
d) metopes
The sculptural figures flanking the doorways of the so-called Royal Portals at Chartres can BEST be described as
a) ka statues
b) jamb statues
c) orants
d) prefigurations
These statues are located
a) on the north porch of Chartres Cathedral
b) in the apse of St. Sernin at Toulouse
c) on the west portals of Chartres Cathedral
d) above the south entrance at St. Sernin at Toulouse
The temples at Khajuraho symbolize
a) constructed mountains with caves
b) a sacred tree surrounded by oceans
c) a giant louts on the surface of the waters
d) the sexual union of the sun and moon
Which of the following is associated with the Great Stupa at Sanchi?
a) sacrificial votive offerings
b) circumambulation
c) darshan
d) heb-sed rituals
Which of the following buildings is known for its porch of caryatids?
a) the Pantheon
b) the Temple of Athena Nike
c) the Erechtheion
d) Old St. Peters
A rose window is made of stained glass and
a) tracery
b) incrustation
c) entasis
d) fluting
The columns of the nave arcade of the Cathedral in Pisa came from
a) a mosque in Palermo
b) a temple in Rome
c) a palace in Ravenna
d) a basilica in Constantinople
Chartres Cathedral is an example of architecture from what art historical period?
a) Early Christian
b) Early Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) High Gothic
This complex is MOSTLY identified as
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
Old St. Peters was created during what art historical period?
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
Which of the following is NOT a feature of this structure?
a) mandapas
b) a sikhara
c) toranas
d) a garbha griha
Which of the following structures is based on the design of a Byzantine martyrium?
a) St. Sernin in Toulouse
b) the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
c) Old St. Peter’s in Rome
d) the Great Mosque in Damascus
In a Hindu temple, a linga is placed within/an
a) garbha griha
b) stupa
c) torana
d) harmika
The ceremonial rebuilding of the Ise Shrine BEST reflects
a) the impermanence of nature
b) the increasing status of the imperial family
c) its utilitarian, public function
d) a culture obsessed with warfare
Buddha is believed to have achieved enlightenment under a tree at
a) Sanchi
b) Ise
c) Sarnath
d) Bodh Gaya
The sensual imagery on display at Khajuraho implies
a) the virile power of Chandela kingship
b) Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism
c) Shiva’s tripartite nature as Mahadeva
d) the presence of the sun goddess Amaterasu

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