Sacred Spaces

Flashcard maker : Sara Graham
b
The Parthenon was built during the
a) 6th century BCE
b) 5th century BCE
c) 4th century BCE
d) 1st century BCE
c
A campanile is a
a) gateway
b) tomb
c) bell tower
d) courtyard
a
A stupa is associated with
a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Shintoism
d) Islam
d
The Hagia Sophia was built under the direction of
a) Pericles
b) Hadrian
c) Constantine
d) Justinian
a
Which of the following was an architectural feature of Old St. Peters in Rome?
a) a transept
b) pendentives
c) groin vaults
d) a central plan
c
The ancient Sumerians built their ziggurats with
a) volcanic tufa
b) marble
c) mud brick
d) granite
b
Phidias was
a) an architect of the Parthenon
b) a sculptor of ancient Greece
c) a mathematician who designed the Hagia Sophia
d) a Roman emperor who built the Pantheon
c
These statuettes were found within a/an
a) Buddhist stupa
b) Hindu temple
c) Sumerian temple
d) Egyptian tomb
b
The innermost chamber of a Hindu temple is called a
a) torana
b) garbha griha
c) amalaka
d) harmika
d
In an Islamic mosque, the faithful are directed towards Mecca in prayer by a niche known as a
a) minaret
b) madrasa
c) minbar
d) mihrab
d
This is the plan of which of the following?
a) the Hagia Sophia
b) San Vitale
c) Old St. Peters
d) Santa Costanza
a
Which of the following is NOT true of the Ise Shrine?
a) It is rebuilt every ten years.
b) It is dedicated to the sun goddess Amaterasu.
c) It is constructed using a mortise and tenon system.
d) It is made of sacred cypress wood.
c
This building dates to the
a) 1st century BCE
b) 1st century CE
c) 2nd century CE
d) 3rd century CE
a
The architect of King Djoser’s Stepped Pyramid is
a) Imhotep
b) Khafre
c) Osiris
d) Senmut
b
Which of the following is NOT an architectural feature of this plan?
a) an apse
b) an atrium
c) an ambulatory
d) a transept
d
The Parthenon was built after the acropolis was destroyed by the
a) Assyrians
b) Egyptians
c) Spartans
d) Persians
c
Ushabtis are
a) jars for organs placed in Egyptian tombs
b) amulets to ward off evil
c) statuettes designed to perform labor for the deceased
d) burial chambers located under a pyramid
d
The Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser is located at
a) Gizeh
b) Thebes
c) Karnak
d) Saqqara
a
This structure is known as the
a) Temple of Athena Nike
b) Erechtheion
c) Propylaia
d) Siphnian Treasury
c
The lost statue of Athena originally located in the cella of the Parthenon was created by
a) Iktinos
b) Polykleitos
c) Phidias
d) Pericles
c
This facade of St. Peters was designed by
a) Gianlorenzo Bernini
b) Michelangelo
c) Carlo Maderno
d) Antonio da Sangallo
a
The freestanding row of columns surrounding the Parthenon is known as a/an
a) peristyle
b) architrave
c) stylobate
d) pediment
d
Gateways leading into the Great Stupa complex at Sanchi are known as
a) mandapas
b) harmikas
c) mandalas
d) toranas
b
This structure at Pisa is a/an
a) basilica
b) baptistery
c) cloister
d) refectory
c
The Ise Shrine is made of
a) mud brick
b) volcanic stone
c) cypress wood
d) mosaic tiles
a
The inner Ionic frieze of the Parthenon is believed to depict the
a) Panathenaic procession
b) Gigantomachy
c) Centauromachy
d) Athena Promachus
b
The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem dates from the
a) 4th century
b) 7th century
c) 10th century
d) 13th century
d
The Pisa cathedral complex was funded by
a) the initiation of the Inquisition by Pope Gregory IX
b) goods confiscated by the Jews living in Italy
c) the conquest of Constantinople in 1204
d) the spoils of a naval victory over the Muslims in Sicily
c
This sculptural work was originally located within a/an
a) architrave
b) pediment
c) metope
d) triglyph
b
Where are tribunes (or galleries) located in St. Sernin at Toulouse?
a) around the apse
b) above the inner aisle
c) in the crossing
d) over the entrance
c
This fertility figure is known as a/an
a) linga
b) bodhisattva
c) yakshi
d) garbha griha
a
Votive figures were placed within Sumerian temples because they MOST LIKELY
a) embodied the essence of the worshipper who was not allowed access
b) were on public display and used for congregational worship
c) were believed to provide an abode for the spirits of deceased ancestors
d) functioned as columnar supports for the roof of the cella
d
These engaged columns are the first known stone columns in the history of architecture. They are located in
a) Syria
b) Greece
c) Mesopotamia
d) Egypt
b
Old St. Peters was built during the reign of
a) Hadrian
b) Constantine
c) Justinian
d) Augustus
b
The Hagia Sophia was built during the
a) 3rd century
b) 6th century
c) 9th century
d) 12th century
c
Which of the following structures does NOT have an ambulatory?
a) San Vitale in Ravenna
b) Santa Costanza in Rome
c) Old St. Peter’s in Rome
d) St. Sernin in Toulouse
a
This structure is located in
a) Ravenna
b) Rome
c) Istanbul
d) Pisa
c
Interior lighting of the Pantheon is made possible by the use of a/an
a) clerestory
b) narthex
c) oculus
d) ambulatory
d
This kondo (or golden hall) is located in
a) India
b) China
c) Korea
d) Japan
d
Which of the following is a Byzantine structure?
a) Santa Costanza in Rome
b) Old St. Peters in Rome
c) St. Sernin in Toulouse
d) Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
a
Inside a mosque, an imam stands on a pulpit known as a
a) minbar
b) minaret
c) muezzin
d) mihrab
c
This is the courtyard of a mosque in Damascus built by the
a) Abbasids
b) Fatimids
c) Umayyads
d) Safavids
b
Early Christian basilicas were modeled after Roman basilicas, or
a) temples
b) law courts
c) marketplaces
d) palaces
c
Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus were architects of
a) Old St. Peters
b) the Parthenon
c) the Hagia Sophia
d) the Pantheon
a
Which of the following is NOT a feature of Chartres Cathedral?
a) an atrium
b) a transept
c) an apse
d) a nave
a
The linga, often placed in the womb chamber of a Hindu temple, is associated with
a) Shiva
b) Vishnu
c) Buddha
d) Brahma
b
These statues of saints at Chartres are located within a/an
a) apse
b) portal
c) narthex
d) ambo
b
In Early Christian catacombs, the deceased were often placed in niches known as
a) porticoes
b) loculi
c) spolia
d) lunettes
b
The “swelling” of columns on a Greek temple is often referred to as
a) tracery
b) entasis
c) spolia
d) fluting
c
A small concealed chamber in an Egyptian mastaba reserved for the ka statue of the deceased is called the
a) ben-ben
b) pylon
c) serdab
d) hypostyle hall
b
When this structure was built, the laity was confined to the
a) narthex
b) side aisles
c) nave
d) apse
d
At San Vitale in Ravenna, the emperor Justinian is depicted holding a Eucharistic vessel known as a
a) chalice
b) chasuble
c) refrigerium
d) paten
a
This statue is a replica of an original constructed of
a) gold and ivory
b) bronze and silver
c) gold and marble
d) marble and bronze
c
St. Sernin at Toulouse can BEST be described as
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
d
The Hagia Sophia replaced an earlier church that was destroyed during the
a) Persian Wars
b) Ottoman Conquest
c) Battle of Milvian Bridge
d) Nika Revolt
a
The empress depicted in this mosaic is distinguished by the use of a
a) nimbus
b) volute
c) peplos
d) jamb
a
The Great Plaza at Tikal is studded with numerous commemorative
a) stelae
b) pendentives
c) porticoes
d) mastabas
d
Which of the following is a feature of the Dome of the Rock?
a) an atrium
b) a minaret
c) a transept
d) an ambulatory
b
Adjacent to the central dome of the Hagia Sophia are
a) jambs
b) conches
c) pediments
d) coffers
d
This structure is
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
c
The square enclosure surrounding the yasti on the Great Stupa at Sanchi is called a
a) torana
b) linga
c) harmika
d) yakshi
b
The ritual of “darshan” is associated with a/an
a) Shinto shrine
b) Hindu temple
c) Buddhist monastery
d) Islamic mosque
a
In all likelihood, the Dome of the Rock was designed to outshine the nearby
a) Church of the Holy Sepulchre
b) Hagia Sophia
c) Old St. Peters
d) Umayyad Mosque
b
A centrally planned church MOST CLOSELY recalls the earlier designs of a Roman
a) basilica
b) martyrium
c) temple
d) palace
c
This structure was begun during the
a) 6th century
b) 9th century
c) 11th century
d) 13th century
d
At Khajuraho, the tower of the Vishvanatha Temple, located above the womb chamber, is called a/an
a) mandapa
b) harmika
c) vimana
d) sikhara
d
In this Early Christian fresco, who prefigures Christ?
a) an orant
b) Apollo
c) Isaac
d) Jonah
b
The entrance to the sacred temenos of the Acropolis is the
a) Erechtheion
b) Propylaia
c) Temple of Athena Nike
d) Arrephorion
a
Pilgrims traveled to Chartres Cathedral to view which of the following relics?
a) the tunic of the Virgin Mary
b) a fragment of the True Cross
c) the Crown of Thorns
d) the head of John the Baptist
c
Which of the following is NOT part of the tripartite nave elevation of the Cathedral of Pisa?
a) clerestory
b) nave arcade
c) triforium
d) galleries
d
This structure is associated with which of the following?
a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Islam
d) Shintoism
b
The nave of St. Sernin at Toulouse is covered by
a) a dome
b) a barrel vault
c) rib vaults
d) groin vaults
c
Like most Greek temples, the Parthenon was used as a
a) mausoleum
b) law court
c) treasury
d) marketplace
d
The columns of the Pantheon’s portico are
a) Doric
b) Ionic
c) Composite
d) Corinthian
a
This ornamental niche is known as a
a) mihrab
b) minbar
c) minaret
d) muezzin
c
Which of the following is NOT a term that refers to a sacred form or location?
a) axis mundi
b) omphalos
c) agora
d) mandala
a
At Old St. Peters, the tomb of St. Peter was marked with a ciborium or
a) baldacchino
b) pendentive
c) campanile
d) parapet
b
During the Byzantine period, the destruction of images, known as Iconoclasm, began during the
a) 6th century
b) 8th century
c) 10th century
d) 12th century
b
This plan has all of the following architectural features EXCEPT a/an
a) prothesis
b) transept
c) ambulatory
d) diaconicon
c
The Temple of Fortuna Virilis in Rome can BEST be described as
a) amphiprostyle
b) peripteral
c) pseudoperipteral
d) interaxial
a
This complex is located at
a) Saqqara
b) Damascus
c) Thebes
d) Uruk
d
Which of the following structures was designed to accommodate spirits known as “kami”?
a) the Great Stupa at Sanchi
b) the Temple of Vishnu at Deogarh
c) the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser
d) the Ise Shrine
a
Mosaics in the ambulatory of this structure depict
a) putti harvesting grapes
b) a Byzantine emperor and empress in liturgical roles
c) images of Old Testament figures prefiguring Christ
d) the Virgin Mary enthroned
c
The nine levels of Temple I at Tikal are believed to represent the nine levels of the
a) heavens
b) earthly realms
c) underworld
d) oceans
b
A pillared hall in a Hindu temple is called a
a) sikhara
b) mandapa
c) gopurum
d) vimana
d
Which of the following is NOT a feature of this structure?
a) a podium
b) engaged columns
c) a portico
d) metopes
b
The sculptural figures flanking the doorways of the so-called Royal Portals at Chartres can BEST be described as
a) ka statues
b) jamb statues
c) orants
d) prefigurations
c
These statues are located
a) on the north porch of Chartres Cathedral
b) in the apse of St. Sernin at Toulouse
c) on the west portals of Chartres Cathedral
d) above the south entrance at St. Sernin at Toulouse
a
The temples at Khajuraho symbolize
a) constructed mountains with caves
b) a sacred tree surrounded by oceans
c) a giant louts on the surface of the waters
d) the sexual union of the sun and moon
b
Which of the following is associated with the Great Stupa at Sanchi?
a) sacrificial votive offerings
b) circumambulation
c) darshan
d) heb-sed rituals
c
Which of the following buildings is known for its porch of caryatids?
a) the Pantheon
b) the Temple of Athena Nike
c) the Erechtheion
d) Old St. Peters
a
A rose window is made of stained glass and
a) tracery
b) incrustation
c) entasis
d) fluting
a
The columns of the nave arcade of the Cathedral in Pisa came from
a) a mosque in Palermo
b) a temple in Rome
c) a palace in Ravenna
d) a basilica in Constantinople
d
Chartres Cathedral is an example of architecture from what art historical period?
a) Early Christian
b) Early Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) High Gothic
c
This complex is MOSTLY identified as
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
a
Old St. Peters was created during what art historical period?
a) Early Christian
b) Byzantine
c) Romanesque
d) Gothic
c
Which of the following is NOT a feature of this structure?
a) mandapas
b) a sikhara
c) toranas
d) a garbha griha
b
Which of the following structures is based on the design of a Byzantine martyrium?
a) St. Sernin in Toulouse
b) the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem
c) Old St. Peter’s in Rome
d) the Great Mosque in Damascus
a
In a Hindu temple, a linga is placed within/an
a) garbha griha
b) stupa
c) torana
d) harmika
a
The ceremonial rebuilding of the Ise Shrine BEST reflects
a) the impermanence of nature
b) the increasing status of the imperial family
c) its utilitarian, public function
d) a culture obsessed with warfare
d
Buddha is believed to have achieved enlightenment under a tree at
a) Sanchi
b) Ise
c) Sarnath
d) Bodh Gaya
a
The sensual imagery on display at Khajuraho implies
a) the virile power of Chandela kingship
b) Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism
c) Shiva’s tripartite nature as Mahadeva
d) the presence of the sun goddess Amaterasu

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