Ruckel Middle School 7th Grade Civics EOC REVIEW Flash Cards

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citizen
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A person with certain rights and responsibilities in his or her country or community
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how do you become a citizen?
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Born: One or both of your parents are citizens, so you are too Naturalization: A legal resident applies for citizenship, and then becomes a naturalized citizen
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Obligations of a citizen
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1. obey laws 2. pay taxes 3. serve on a jury 4. defend the nation
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Good citizens…….
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1. volunteer 2. vote 3. stay informed
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Direct democracy
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A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
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Representative democracy
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A system of government in which citizens elect representatives, or leaders, to make decisions about the laws for all the people.
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monarchy
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A government ruled by a king or queen
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oligarchy
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a system of government in which a small group holds power
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dictatorship
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a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
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theocracy
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government run by religious leaders
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anarchy
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no government
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parlimentary
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democratic form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliment (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor
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federal government
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a form of government in which powers are divided between a central government and several local governments
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confederal government
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A political system where independant states form a nation but retain power under a weak central government.
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unitary government
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the central government holds most of the power and makes all the decisions, state government has little control
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legislative branch
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-Articlel I -makes/writes laws -congress
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executive branch
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-Article II -carries out/executes laws -Presidant, VP, cabinent
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judicial branch
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-Artical III -interprets/applies laws -courts
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The legislative branch(Congree)_______the nations laws. Our congress is__________(two house).
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makes binomeal
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H of R -_________members -______years old to be in the H of R -______year term -All__________laws must begin here, can ___________ federal officials.
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435 25 2 tax and revonue impeach
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Senate -________members -_______members per state -________years old to be in the Senate -_______year term -Confirm presidential appointments, ratify treaties, and serve as________ in impeachment trials.
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100 2 30 6 jury
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Executive branch…… Consists of what ?
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1. Presidant 2. V.P. 3.Cabinet
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Qualifications for Presidant and what they can do
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1. must be 35 years old 2. elected for 4 year terms 3. can veto laws passed by congress
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Judicial branch consists of …..
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ALL COURTS!!
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There are_________ associate justices and one_______justice in the ________court.
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8 cheif Supreem
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State powers (reserved)
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-make laws for education -marrige and divorce -conduct elections -regulate trade in their borders
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Powers shared by State and Federal Governments (Concurrent)
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-levy and collect taxes -establish courts -enforce laws -borrow money -build roads
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Federal Powers (delegated or enumerated)
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-print money -declare war -conduct forigen affairs -rasies and supports military -regulates interstate and international trade
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1st amendment
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freedom of: -Religion -Assembly -Press -Petition -Speech (RAPPS)
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2nd Amendment
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Right to bear arms
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3rd amendment
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Quartering of Troops
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4th amendment
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No unreasonable searches or siezures
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5th amendment
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Rights of the accused, property rights
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6th amendment
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other rights of the accused
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7th amendment
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Right to a trial by jury in civil cases
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8th amendment
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Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
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9th amendment
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rights not listed
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10th amendment
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powers reserved to the States
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13th amendment
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abolished slavery
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14th amendment
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citizenship and civil rights
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15th amendment
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rights of sufferage
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19th amendment
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womens sufferage
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24th amendment
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poll taxes
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26th amendment
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congressional pay rasies
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civil law
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the legal code of ancient Rome
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criminal law
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A law that defines crimes against the public order.
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constitutional law
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law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
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military law
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the body of laws and rules of conduct administered by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel
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Marbury vs. Madison established the power of________.
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judicial review
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McCulloch vs. Maryland ruled that the state of maryland could not tax the 2nd national bank. expanded the powers of ______government.
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federal
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Dred Scott vs. Sanford Said slaves were not ________ and that the federal government couldn’t make laws againts slavery
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citizens
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Plessy vs. Ferguson Legitimized and reinforced______________laws.
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segregation
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Brow vs. The Board of Education Held that “________________” was not “equal”. Overturned _______________________.
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seperate but equal Plessy vs. Ferguson
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Gideon vs. Wainwright States must provide a(n) _______ for people who cannot afford it.
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attorny
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In re Gault _______defendants should be given the same result as adult criminal defendants.
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juvinial
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Tinker vs. Des Moines schools cannot ignore_________rights.
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1st amendment
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United States vs. Nixon The presidant is not_______the law
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above
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Hazelwood vs. Kulmeier Schools may limit speech/expression if it________________.
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interferes with the school’s mission
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Local/County/ City Government consists of
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board of commisioners mayor/city manager city councl
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Local/County/City Government’s purpose is
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services to its city/county residants
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Local/County/City Government largest source of income
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property and sales taxes
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State government consists of
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Governer, Lt. Governer, Cabinet, State legislature
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State government’s purpose
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services to state residants
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State government’s main source of income
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sales, and income taxes
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Federal government consists of
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Presidant, V.P., Cabinet, Congress
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Federal government’s purpose
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services to entier nation
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Federal governments main source of income
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income taxes
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John Locke
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natural rights
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Baron de Montesquieu
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seperation of powers
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Federalist person who __________the ratification of the constitution for a stronger federal government
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supported
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Anti-Federalist person ___________to the new constitution, wanted most power to remain with the_______government.
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opposed state
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Rule of law
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the beliefe that no oerson (even the king) is above the law
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Magna Carta
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Limits the power of king, John I of England was forced to sign this document by his barons
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Thomas Paine
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wrote “Common Sense”
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Articals of confederation
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created the first government of the newly independent united states. It lacked an executive branch and the authority to settle disputes between the states
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the preamble
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states the goals of the constitution
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Article I(1)
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legislative branch
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Article II(2)
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Executive branch
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Article III(3)
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Supreme court
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Artical IV(4)
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relations between state and federal governments
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Artical V(5)
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How to amend the constitution
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Artical VI(6)
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The constitution is the highest law of the land
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Artical VII(7)
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Ratification of the constitution

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