Respiratory Therapy Review

question

Urine output
answer

40-60 mL/hr
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Adult heart rate
answer

60-100/min
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Intracranial Pressure (ICP)
answer

5-10 mm Hg
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Diagnostic Chest percussion
answer

Resonant
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Breathsounds
answer

vesicular
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Heart Sounds
answer

S1 and S2
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Adult Blood Pressure
answer

120/80 acceptable 90/60 – 140/90
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Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP)
answer

70-90
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Red Blood Cell Count
answer

4-6 mill/mm3`
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Hemoglobin (Hb)
answer

12-16 gm/100 mL blood
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Hematocrit (Hct)
answer

40-50%
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White blood cells
answer

5,000-10,000 per mm3
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Potassium (K+)
answer

3.5-4.5 mEq/L
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Sodium (Na+)
answer

135-145 mEq/L
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Chloride (Cl-)
answer

80-100 mEq/L
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Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
answer

22-26 mEq/L
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Creatnine
answer

0.701.3 mg/dL
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Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
answer

8-25 mg/dl
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Clotting time
answer

up to 6 minutes
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Platelet Count
answer

150,000-400,000/mm3
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Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APPT)
answer

24-32 seconds
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Prothrombin Time (PT)
answer

12-15 seconds
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Thrombin Time
answer

7-12 seconds
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Term infant gestational age
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38-42 weeks
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acceptable APGAR score
answer

7-10
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Infant temp
answer

36.5 degrees
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Infant heart rate
answer

110-160/min
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Infant respiratory rate
answer

30-60 breaths per min
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Infant blood pressure
answer

60/40
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acceptable term birth weight
answer

3000 g
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acceptable Dubowitz score
answer

40
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acceptable new ballard score
answer

40
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Term infant blood glucose
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>30 mg/dL
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normal L/S ratio
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2:1 or higher
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acceptable (ETCO2) capnography
answer

30 torr or 3-5%
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acceptable pulse ox (SpO2)
answer

93-97%
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normal carboxyhemoglobin
answer

1.3%
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acceptable mean airway pressure
answer

93-94 mm Hg
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normal right atrial pressure
answer

2-6 mm Hg or 4-12 cm H20
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normal right ventricle pressure
answer

25/0 mm Hg
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pulmonary artery pressure (PAP)
answer

28/8 mm Hg with Mean 13-14 mm Hg
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pulmonary capillary pressure
answer

8-10 mm Hg
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pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
answer

4-12 mm Hg
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Left atrial pressure
answer

2-6 mm Hg
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Left ventricular pressure
answer

120/0 mm Hg
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Cardiac output
answer

4-8 L/min
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Cardiac Index
answer

2-4 L/min/m2
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Pulse pressure
answer

40 mm Hg
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Systemic Vascular Resistance
answer

<20 mm Hg/L/min
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Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR)
answer

<2.5 mm Hg/L/min
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Acceptable ET cuff pressure
answer

< or equal to 25 cm H20
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Pre-term infant ET Tube size
answer

2.5-3 mm
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Term infant ET tube size
answer

3-3.5 mm
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Adult male ET sube size
answer

8-9 mm
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Adult femal ET tube size
answer

7-8 mm
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ET Tube markings for oral intubation in adult
answer

21-25 cm at the lips
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ET tube markings for nasal intubation in adult
answer

26-29 at nares
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Body humidity
answer

44 mg/L or 47 mm Hg at 37 degrees
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PAO2
answer

Varies directly with patients FiO2
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CaO2
answer

17-20 vol %
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CvO2
answer

12-16 vol %
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C(a-v)O2
answer

4-5 vol %
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PaO2/FiO2
answer

380 torr or more
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SaO2
answer

95-100%
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Vd/Vt ratio
answer

20-40%
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PaCO2
answer

35-45 torr
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PaO2
answer

80-100 torr
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normal pH
answer

7.35-7.45
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Newborn PaCO2
answer

<50 torr
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Newborn PaO2
answer

>60 torr
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Spirometry calibration syringe
answer

3 Liters 2.895 – 3.105 (plus or minus 3.5%)
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Maximum inspiratory pressure MIP
answer

-80
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Maximum Expiratory Pressure (MEP)
answer

+160 cm H2O
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Vital capacity (VC)
answer

80% of predicted or higher 5-6 Liters is normal
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FEV1
answer

3.5-4.0 Liters or 80% of predicted
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FEV1/FVC
answer

70% or greater
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FEF 200-1200
answer

80% of predicted
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FEF25-75%
answer

6 L/sec or 360 L/min 80% predicted
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Airway resistance
answer

0.6-2.4 cm H2)/L/sec
question

Tidal volume
answer

5-8 mL/kg
question

Vital Capacity
answer

65-75 mL/kg
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Respiratory rate
answer

12-20 bpm
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Minute Ventilation
answer

5-6 L/min
question

Static Lung Compliance
answer

60-100 mL/cmH20
question

MAP for patients with normal compliance
answer

5-10 cm H2)
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MAP for ARDS patient
answer

10-20 cm H2O
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MAP for patient with obstructive disease
answer

15-30 cm H2O
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adult CPR breathing rate
answer

10-12 breaths per min
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child CPR breathing rate
answer

12-20 breaths per min
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infant CPR breathing rate
answer

12-20
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newborn CPR breathing rate
answer

40-60
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adult CPR compression/ventilation ratio
answer

30:2
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child CPR compression/ventilation ratio
answer

15:2
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infant CPR compression/ventilation ratio
answer

15:2
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newborn CPR compression/ventilation ratio
answer

3:1

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