Respiratory Drug Cards

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Epinephrine
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Trade Names: Adrenalin, High Dose Epi, Epinepherine Mist Receptor: A and B Dosage: SVN 1% solution .25-.5 ml qid MDI: .22 mg/puff as ordered or as needed Onset: 3-5 min Peak:5-20 min Duration 1-3 hrs Indications: Bronchial asthma, exacerbation of COPD, allergic reactions Contraindications:Patients with underlying cardiovascular disease, hypertension, pregnancy, patients with tachyarrhythmias. Side Effects: Palpitations and tachycardia, anxiousness, headache, tremor
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Racemic Epinephrine
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Trade Name: MicroNefrin, Nephron, S2 Receptor: A and B Dosage: SVN: 2.25% solution 0.25-.5ml qid Onset: 3-5 min Peak: 5-20 min Duration: .5-2 hr Indications: Croup (laryngotracheobronchitis) Contraindications: Epiglottitis, hypersensitivity to the drug Side Effects:Palpitations, anxiety, headache
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Terbutaline Sulfate
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Trade Name: Terbutaline Receptor: B2 Dosage: .25 mg SQ Onset: 30 min Peak: 2-3 hours Duration: 4+hours Indications:prevention and reversal of bronchospasm Contraindications:Acute and maintenance tocolysis (oral) or prolonged tocolysis (injection); hypersensitivity to sympathomimetic amines or any component of the product Side Effects:tachycardia, nausia, vomiting
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Metaproterenol
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Trade Name: Alupent Receptor: B2 Dosage: SVN: 15mg MDI: Disco’d Onset: 1-5 min Peak: 60 min Duration: 2-6 hrs Indications:bronchodialator Contraindications:in patients with cardiac arrhythmias associated with tachycardia Side Effects: headache, dizziness, lightheadedness, or insomnia
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Albuterol
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Trade Name: Proventil, Ventolin, ProAir, Accuneb Receptor: B2 Dosage: SVN 2.5 mg tid/qid MDI: 90 microg/puff, 2 puffs tid/qid available in syrup, tablet, ERT Onset: 15 min Peak: 30 min Duration: 5 hours Indications:relief of bronchospasm Contraindications: potassium can go down,hypersensitivity to Albuterol Side Effects:Dizziness; headache; nausea
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Pirbuterol
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Trade Name: MaxAir autohaler Receptor: B2 Dosage: MDI: 200 migrogram/puff, 2 puffs q4-6hrs Onset: 5 min Peak: 30 min Duration: 5 hours Indications: prevention and reversal of bronchospasm Contraindications:in patients with cardiac arrhythmias associated with tachycardia Side Effects:difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat,
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Levelbuterol
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Trade Name: Xoponex Receptor: B2 Dosage: SVN: 1.25 mg tid MDI: 45 micrograms/puff, 2 puffs q4-6 hrs Onset: 15 min Peak: 30-60 min Duration: 5-8 hrs Indications:prevent or relieve the wheezing, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing Contraindicatons:in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to levalbuterol Side Effects:headache dizziness nervousness
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Salmeterol
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Trade Name: Servent Receptor: B2 Dosage: DPI: 50 micrograms/blister via BID Onset: 20 min Peak: 3-5 hrs Duration: 12 hours Indications: brochodialation Contraindications: in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to salmeterol Side Effects:Tachycardia,Headache;
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Formoterol
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Trade Name: Foradil Receptor: B2 Dosage: DPI: 12 microgram/blister, BID Onset: 15 min Peak: 3-6 hr Duration: 12 hr Indications:treat wheezing, COPD and SOB Contraindications:Hypersensitivity Side Effects:Tachycardia,Headache;
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Arformoterol
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Trade Name: Brovana Receptor: B2 Dosage: SVN: 15 micrograms BID Onset: 15 min Peak: 3-6 hr Duration: 12 hr Indications:maintenance of COPD and bronchospasm Contraindications:hypersensitivity Side Effects:back pain, diarrhea, tachycardia
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Ipratropium Bromide
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Trade Name: Atrovent Receptor: M1,M2,M3 Dosage: MDI: 18 micrograms/puff 2 puffs QID SVN: .5 mg QID Onset: 15 min Peak: 1-2 hr Duration: 4-6 hrs Indications:wheezing COPD and bronchitis Contraindications:hypersensitivity, soy allergies Side Effects:tachycardia, hypotension, consitipation
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Tiotropium Bromide
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Trade Name: Spiriva Receptor: Muscarinic Dosage: DPI: 18 micrograms/inhalation, 1 inhalation daily Onset: 30 min Peak: 3 hours Duration: 24 hrs Indications:bronchospasm, COPD Contraindications: hypersensitivity Side Effects:hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
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Albuterol/Atrovent
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Trade Name: Combivent MDI ,DuoNeb SVN Receptor: B2 Dosage: MDI: ipratropium 18 micrograms/puff and albuterol 90 micrograms/puff, 2 puffs QID SVN: ipratropium 0.5 mg and albuterol 2.5mg Onset: 15 min Peak 1-2 hrs Duration: 4-6 hrs Indications: bronchodialation Contradictions: hypersensitivity, soy Side Effects: tachycardia, headache, nausea

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