Red Cross Lifeguarding Test Answers – Flashcards

question
CPR Should be performed on a victim who is...
answer
In Cardiac Arrest. An unconscious victim with an obstructed airway has similar steps but the process is not called CPR
question
C.A.B. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Circulation, Airway, Breathing.
Chest compressions (30). Airway (open). Breaths (2)
Used for CPR
question
Rate of chest compressions during CPR?
answer
100 BPM (Roughly the tempo of the song "Staying Alive" by the BeeGees. Ironically, it is also the tempo of "Another One Bites The Dust" by Queen.
question
Rate of chest compressions during CPR?
answer
100 BPM (Roughly the tempo of the song "Staying Alive" by the BeeGees. Ironically, it is also the tempo of "Another One Bites The Dust" by Queen.
question
You are performing CPR when a second lifeguard arrives. What is most appropriate for the second lifeguard to do first?
answer
Check to see whether EMS personell have been called.
question
After an AED says "No Shock Advised," it is best to...
answer
Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.
question
Adult chest compressions, how do you position your hands?
answer
Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top.
question
As the only lifeguard performing CPR on an 7-year old, you would perform cycles of...
answer
30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
question
The cycle of chest compressions and ventilations in two-rescuer CPR for an infant is...
answer
15 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
question
Hand placement for CPR for an:
Adult, Child, Infant
answer
Adult and child: Heel of one hand in center of chest (on lower half of sternum) with the other hand on top
Infant: 2-3 fingers on center of chest (just below nipple line)
question
Process of using AED
answer
Turn on machine. Apply the pads. Plug into machine. Follow instructions. CPR should continue during the setup.
question
Child is choking (conscious). After activating EAP and getting consent from the parents, what should you do next? What about someone unconscious?
answer
Stand or kneel behind the victim and give 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.
For unconscious do CPR.
question
Depth of chest compression for CPR for an:
Adult, Child, Infant
answer
Adult and child: 2 inches
Infant: 1.5 inches
question
To ensure effective chest compressions during CPR, what should be noted?
answer
The chest is able to fully recoil between compressions.
question
You are performing CPR on a victim when you notice the chest begins to rise and fall. What do you do first?
answer
Stop CPR and reassess the victims breathing and pulse. If the breathing is not regular, continue CPR as though no breathing were present.
question
When giving a primary ventilation to an adult who is unconscious and not breathing, you notice the chest is not rising. What should you do next?
answer
Re-tilt the head and attempt another ventilation.
question
You are giving ventilations through a resuscitation mask, and the victim vomits. What should you do?
answer
Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side. H.A.IN.E.S.
question
Time it takes to administer a rescue breath?
answer
1 second
question
Adult is unconscious with a pulse but is not breathing, what rate should you perform rescue breathing at? Child? Infant?
answer
1 ventilation every 5 seconds for adults. 1 every 3 seconds for children and infants.
question
You pull an adult from the water. After a primary assessment, you conclude the victim has a pulse but is breathing irregularly. What should you do first?
answer
Give 2 initial ventilations. To clear airway of any water.
question
A victim is having a seizure in the water. What should you do?
answer
Support the victim with his or her head above water until the seizure ends.
question
How can you protect yourself from possible bloodborne pathogens when treating a victim?
answer
Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as disposable gloves and a breathing barrier.
question
What is the universal sign that a person is choking?
answer
Clutching the throat.
question
Steps of the Chain of Survival?
answer
1. Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system
2. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with an emphasis on chest compressions
3. Rapid defibrillation
4. Effective advanced life support
5. Integrated post-cardiac arrest care
question
You must keep checking a victims LOC in a secondary assessment. What does LOC stand for?
answer
Level of Consciousness
question
When providing care to a conscious infant who is choking, what part of the hand would you use to give chest thrusts?
answer
Two or Three fingers.
question
When immobilizing an injured patrons arm...
answer
Leave the arm in the position you find it or in the position the victim is holding it.
question
A boy clutches at his chest and has problems breathing. After obtaining consent for care, his mom informs you that he has asthma, but he does not have his inhaler nearby. What care should you provide?
answer
Call EMS and place the victim in a position that helps breathing.
question
A patron cuts her leg on the bleachers and is bleeding severely. You can tell she may be in shock because she may...
answer
Becomes restless and irritable
question
What should you do when first approaching the scene of an emergency?
answer
Size up the scene, make sure it is safe for you to interact.
question
You are providing care for a victim having a heart attack. What should you do first?
answer
Summon EMS Personell.
question
When preparing to place AED pads you see:
medicine patch, piercings, pregnant, chest hair, body too small for pads so risk of pads touching.
What should you do in each situation?
answer
Remove patch using gloved hand. Work around the piercings. Avoid placing pad over baby bump. Shave chest hair. Place pads on the chest and on the back.
question
A victim has slurred speech, cannot lift their right arm level with the left, is unable to smile and half her face is drooping. What would you assume has happened?
answer
A stroke.
question
A victim appears to be having a diabetic emergency. What should you do?
answer
Give them something sweet to drink
question
H.A.IN.E.S. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
High Arm IN Endangered Spine. It is used when a victim with a possible spinal injury begins to throw up.
question
F.A.S.T. What does it stand for and what is it used to ID?
answer
Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulties, Time.
Used to ID Stroke
question
R.I.C.E. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Rest. Immobilize. Cold. Elevate.
Used for musculoskeletal injuries (broken bones, sprained joint)
question
S.A.M.P.L.E. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Signs and Symptoms. Allergies. Medication. Past medical history. Last oral intake (food, meds, drinks, last thing person ingested), Events leading up to incident.
Used for patient assessment.
question
How to do head and chin support?
answer
One hand on chin and arm on chest, other hand on back of head and arm under back. squeezing forearms together to secure victim.
question
How to do in-line stabilization?
answer
Put the victims arms straight up above the head and squeeze together around the biceps
question
Steps for deep water submerged victim.
answer
1. EAP
2. "Submerged victim, call EMS, get backboard"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. release tube
5. grasp with one arm, use other to pull yourself up using strap
6. put tube between, swim backwards to land
question
Steps for Active victim
answer
1. EAP
2. "Active victim on the surface"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. (forward facing victim) Push tube to victim with both arms, turn around, push forward to land.
4. (rear facing victim) Grasp under armpits and over, swim backwards to land.
question
Steps for Passive Victim
answer
1. EAP
2. "Passive victim, call EMS, get backboard"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. (face down) place tube between, grab under armpits and over, roll under victim getting face out of water, swim backwards to land.
4. (face up) go under, place tube between, grab under armpits and over, swim backwards to land
5. secondary holds hands in a crossed position (victim facing forward) and primary gets out
6. put backboard in and flip victim on and remove from water
question
Steps for Deep Water Submerged Spinal
answer
1. EAP
2. "Possible spinal, submerged victim, call EMS, need secondary, get backboard."
3. Slide in entry
4. Release and completely remove rescue tube
5. Put victim into "in-line stabilization"
6. Secondary place tube under primarys arms
7. Backboard placed under victim, tubes placed near the legs and head
8. Change from in-line stabilization to head and chin support (under the backboard)
9. Primary comes to the head and stabilizes victim with two hands on sides of head
10. Secondary and Tertiary strap victim down (under arms, over arms, over legs)
11. put in head immobilizers
12. place backboard on edge.
13. primary out, secondary out (only if there are 3 LGs) and pull victim out
(Communication is key!!)
(Everyone should have a tube under them)
question
Steps for shallow water spinal
answer
1. EAP
2. "Possible spinal, victim on surface, call EMS, need secondary and backboard."
3. slide in entry
4. (face down) in-line stabilization or "head and chin" support, turn onto arm WHILE moving forward.
4. (face up) in-line stabilization
5. Backboard placed under victim, tubes placed near the legs and head
6. Change from in-line stabilization to head and chin support (under the backboard)
7. Primary comes to the head and stabilizes victim with two hands on sides of head
8. Secondary and Tertiary strap victim down (under arms, over arms, over legs)
9. put in head immobilizers
10. place backboard on edge.
11. primary out, secondary out (only if there are 3 LGs) and pull victim out
(Communication is key!!)
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question
CPR Should be performed on a victim who is...
answer
In Cardiac Arrest. An unconscious victim with an obstructed airway has similar steps but the process is not called CPR
question
C.A.B. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Circulation, Airway, Breathing.
Chest compressions (30). Airway (open). Breaths (2)
Used for CPR
question
Rate of chest compressions during CPR?
answer
100 BPM (Roughly the tempo of the song "Staying Alive" by the BeeGees. Ironically, it is also the tempo of "Another One Bites The Dust" by Queen.
question
Rate of chest compressions during CPR?
answer
100 BPM (Roughly the tempo of the song "Staying Alive" by the BeeGees. Ironically, it is also the tempo of "Another One Bites The Dust" by Queen.
question
You are performing CPR when a second lifeguard arrives. What is most appropriate for the second lifeguard to do first?
answer
Check to see whether EMS personell have been called.
question
After an AED says "No Shock Advised," it is best to...
answer
Perform CPR for about 2 minutes.
question
Adult chest compressions, how do you position your hands?
answer
Heel of one hand on the center of the chest with the other hand on top.
question
As the only lifeguard performing CPR on an 7-year old, you would perform cycles of...
answer
30 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
question
The cycle of chest compressions and ventilations in two-rescuer CPR for an infant is...
answer
15 chest compressions and 2 ventilations.
question
Hand placement for CPR for an:
Adult, Child, Infant
answer
Adult and child: Heel of one hand in center of chest (on lower half of sternum) with the other hand on top
Infant: 2-3 fingers on center of chest (just below nipple line)
question
Process of using AED
answer
Turn on machine. Apply the pads. Plug into machine. Follow instructions. CPR should continue during the setup.
question
Child is choking (conscious). After activating EAP and getting consent from the parents, what should you do next? What about someone unconscious?
answer
Stand or kneel behind the victim and give 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.
For unconscious do CPR.
question
Depth of chest compression for CPR for an:
Adult, Child, Infant
answer
Adult and child: 2 inches
Infant: 1.5 inches
question
To ensure effective chest compressions during CPR, what should be noted?
answer
The chest is able to fully recoil between compressions.
question
You are performing CPR on a victim when you notice the chest begins to rise and fall. What do you do first?
answer
Stop CPR and reassess the victims breathing and pulse. If the breathing is not regular, continue CPR as though no breathing were present.
question
When giving a primary ventilation to an adult who is unconscious and not breathing, you notice the chest is not rising. What should you do next?
answer
Re-tilt the head and attempt another ventilation.
question
You are giving ventilations through a resuscitation mask, and the victim vomits. What should you do?
answer
Turn the victim as a unit onto his or her side. H.A.IN.E.S.
question
Time it takes to administer a rescue breath?
answer
1 second
question
Adult is unconscious with a pulse but is not breathing, what rate should you perform rescue breathing at? Child? Infant?
answer
1 ventilation every 5 seconds for adults. 1 every 3 seconds for children and infants.
question
You pull an adult from the water. After a primary assessment, you conclude the victim has a pulse but is breathing irregularly. What should you do first?
answer
Give 2 initial ventilations. To clear airway of any water.
question
A victim is having a seizure in the water. What should you do?
answer
Support the victim with his or her head above water until the seizure ends.
question
How can you protect yourself from possible bloodborne pathogens when treating a victim?
answer
Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as disposable gloves and a breathing barrier.
question
What is the universal sign that a person is choking?
answer
Clutching the throat.
question
Steps of the Chain of Survival?
answer
1. Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system
2. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with an emphasis on chest compressions
3. Rapid defibrillation
4. Effective advanced life support
5. Integrated post-cardiac arrest care
question
You must keep checking a victims LOC in a secondary assessment. What does LOC stand for?
answer
Level of Consciousness
question
When providing care to a conscious infant who is choking, what part of the hand would you use to give chest thrusts?
answer
Two or Three fingers.
question
When immobilizing an injured patrons arm...
answer
Leave the arm in the position you find it or in the position the victim is holding it.
question
A boy clutches at his chest and has problems breathing. After obtaining consent for care, his mom informs you that he has asthma, but he does not have his inhaler nearby. What care should you provide?
answer
Call EMS and place the victim in a position that helps breathing.
question
A patron cuts her leg on the bleachers and is bleeding severely. You can tell she may be in shock because she may...
answer
Becomes restless and irritable
question
What should you do when first approaching the scene of an emergency?
answer
Size up the scene, make sure it is safe for you to interact.
question
You are providing care for a victim having a heart attack. What should you do first?
answer
Summon EMS Personell.
question
When preparing to place AED pads you see:
medicine patch, piercings, pregnant, chest hair, body too small for pads so risk of pads touching.
What should you do in each situation?
answer
Remove patch using gloved hand. Work around the piercings. Avoid placing pad over baby bump. Shave chest hair. Place pads on the chest and on the back.
question
A victim has slurred speech, cannot lift their right arm level with the left, is unable to smile and half her face is drooping. What would you assume has happened?
answer
A stroke.
question
A victim appears to be having a diabetic emergency. What should you do?
answer
Give them something sweet to drink
question
H.A.IN.E.S. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
High Arm IN Endangered Spine. It is used when a victim with a possible spinal injury begins to throw up.
question
F.A.S.T. What does it stand for and what is it used to ID?
answer
Facial drooping, Arm weakness, Speech difficulties, Time.
Used to ID Stroke
question
R.I.C.E. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Rest. Immobilize. Cold. Elevate.
Used for musculoskeletal injuries (broken bones, sprained joint)
question
S.A.M.P.L.E. What does it stand for and when is it used?
answer
Signs and Symptoms. Allergies. Medication. Past medical history. Last oral intake (food, meds, drinks, last thing person ingested), Events leading up to incident.
Used for patient assessment.
question
How to do head and chin support?
answer
One hand on chin and arm on chest, other hand on back of head and arm under back. squeezing forearms together to secure victim.
question
How to do in-line stabilization?
answer
Put the victims arms straight up above the head and squeeze together around the biceps
question
Steps for deep water submerged victim.
answer
1. EAP
2. "Submerged victim, call EMS, get backboard"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. release tube
5. grasp with one arm, use other to pull yourself up using strap
6. put tube between, swim backwards to land
question
Steps for Active victim
answer
1. EAP
2. "Active victim on the surface"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. (forward facing victim) Push tube to victim with both arms, turn around, push forward to land.
4. (rear facing victim) Grasp under armpits and over, swim backwards to land.
question
Steps for Passive Victim
answer
1. EAP
2. "Passive victim, call EMS, get backboard"
3. Compact or stride entry
4. (face down) place tube between, grab under armpits and over, roll under victim getting face out of water, swim backwards to land.
4. (face up) go under, place tube between, grab under armpits and over, swim backwards to land
5. secondary holds hands in a crossed position (victim facing forward) and primary gets out
6. put backboard in and flip victim on and remove from water
question
Steps for Deep Water Submerged Spinal
answer
1. EAP
2. "Possible spinal, submerged victim, call EMS, need secondary, get backboard."
3. Slide in entry
4. Release and completely remove rescue tube
5. Put victim into "in-line stabilization"
6. Secondary place tube under primarys arms
7. Backboard placed under victim, tubes placed near the legs and head
8. Change from in-line stabilization to head and chin support (under the backboard)
9. Primary comes to the head and stabilizes victim with two hands on sides of head
10. Secondary and Tertiary strap victim down (under arms, over arms, over legs)
11. put in head immobilizers
12. place backboard on edge.
13. primary out, secondary out (only if there are 3 LGs) and pull victim out
(Communication is key!!)
(Everyone should have a tube under them)
question
Steps for shallow water spinal
answer
1. EAP
2. "Possible spinal, victim on surface, call EMS, need secondary and backboard."
3. slide in entry
4. (face down) in-line stabilization or "head and chin" support, turn onto arm WHILE moving forward.
4. (face up) in-line stabilization
5. Backboard placed under victim, tubes placed near the legs and head
6. Change from in-line stabilization to head and chin support (under the backboard)
7. Primary comes to the head and stabilizes victim with two hands on sides of head
8. Secondary and Tertiary strap victim down (under arms, over arms, over legs)
9. put in head immobilizers
10. place backboard on edge.
11. primary out, secondary out (only if there are 3 LGs) and pull victim out
(Communication is key!!)