Quiz 9

A lack of conscience is most characteristic of those who experience _____ disorder

a) obsessive-compulsive
b) generalized anxiety
c) a dissociative
d) antisocial personality

d) antisocial personality
Catatonia is characterized by

a) offensive and unwanted thoughts that persistently preoccupy a person
b) hyperactive, wildly optimistic states of emotion
c) periods of immobility or excessive, purposeless movement
d) delusions of persecution

c) periods of immobility or excessive, purposeless movement
Mr. Hoffman has always been cautious with his money, but over the past two weeks he has developed grandiose plans to bet his entire life savings on a single horse race. With unrestrained exuberance he has also been giving everybody he sees unsolicited advice on how to make millions in the stock market. Mr. Hoffman’s behavior is most indicative of

a) antisocial personality disorder
b) panic disorder
c) obsessive-compulsive disorder
d) mania

d) mania
Therapeutic drugs that block dopamine receptors are most likely to reduce

a) agoraphobia
b) generalized anxiety disorder
c) depression
d) hallucinations

d) hallucinations
Environmental factors such as viral infections can “turn on” specific genes that predispose schizophrenia. This best illustrates the impact of

a) dissociation
b) linkage analysis
c) epigenetic factors
d) explanatory style

c) epigenetic factors
After several weeks of feeling apathetic and dissatisfied with his life, Mark has suddenly become extremely cheerful and so talkative that he can’t be interrupted. He seems to need less sleep and becomes irritated when his friends tell him to slow down. Mark’s behavior is indicative of

a) bipolar disorder
b) anxiety disorder
c) seasonal affective disorder
d) a phobia

a) bipolar disorder
A sudden loss of memory is a symptom of

a) panic disorder
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder
c) a dissociative disorder
d) bipolar disorder

c) a dissociative disorder
In discovering that certain psychological disorders occur only in particular cultures, we are providing evidence for the _____.

a) medical model
b) DSM-IV-TR
c) psychoanalytic perspective d) biopsychosocial approach

d) biopsychosocial approach
Years after he barely survived a terrorist attack that killed his wife and two children, Mr. Puskari suffers recurring flashbacks and frequent nightmares of the event that render him incapable of holding a steady job. Mr. Puskari is most clearly showing signs of

a) post-traumatic stress disorder
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder
c) generalized anxiety disorder
d) panic disorder.

a) post-traumatic stress disorder
Norby, an 18-year-old first-year university student, has missed almost all his classes during the past month. He spends most of his time in his bedroom, frequently not even bothering to get dressed or eat meals. He thinks his whole life has been a failure and blames himself for being a social misfit. Norby is most likely suffering from

a) seasonal affective disorder
b) antisocial personality disorder
c) bipolar disorder
d) major depressive disorder

d) major depressive disorder
Which of the following best illustrates a negative symptom of schizophrenia?

a) hallucinations
b) inappropriate rage
c) delusions
d) social withdrawal

d) social withdrawal
Which group of severe disorders is characterized by disorganized thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions?

a) schizophrenia
b) personality disorders
c) anxiety disorders
d) dissociative disorders

a) schizophrenia
Stressful life events like the loss of a job are most likely to increase one’s risk of

a) social phobia
b) depression
c) antisocial personality disorder
d) bipolar disorder

b) depression
Anxiety is considered disordered if it is

a) a biopsychosocial phenomenon
b) persistent and distressing
c) hard to control
d) genetically influenced

b) persistent and distressing
A PET scan study of people with ________ found increased activity in the amygdala.

a) flat affect
b) paranoia
c) mania
d) catatonia

b) paranoia
While driving to work, Pedro hears a radio advertisement for a new restaurant. Throughout the day, the tune associated with the advertisement keeps running through his head. Pedro’s inability to stop thinking about the tune best illustrates the nature of a(n)

a) delusion
b) obsession
c) hallucination
d) compulsion

b) obsession
Therapeutic drugs that block dopamine receptors are most likely to reduce

a) depression
b) agoraphobia
c) generalized anxiety disorder
d) hallucinations

d) hallucinations
Oxygen deprivation at the time of birth is a known risk factor for

a) bipolar disorder
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder
c) schizophrenia
d) panic disorder

c) schizophrenia
Kyle is extremely manipulative and can look anyone in the eye and lie convincingly. His deceit often endangers the safety and well-being of those around him, but he is indifferent to any suffering they might experience as a result of his actions. His behavior best illustrates

a) dissociative identity disorder
b) obsessive-compulsive disorder
c) schizophrenia
d) antisocial personality disorder

d) antisocial personality disorder
Schizophrenia victims have difficulty focusing attention. This is most likely to be related to a smaller-than-normal

a) hypothalamus
b) thalamus
c) pituitary gland
d) cerebellum

b) thalamus
Niesha demonstrates seven different personalities that appear to take turns controlling her behavior. Evidence that the same life memories are consciously experienced by all the alternate personalities would most clearly rule out the contribution of _____to her disorder.

a) motivational conflict
b) role playing
c) dissociation
d) childhood sexual trauma

c) dissociation
At one time, disordered people were simply warehoused in asylums. These were replaced with psychiatric hospitals in which attempts were made to diagnose and cure those with psychological disorders. This best illustrates one of the beneficial consequences of

a) psychoanalytic theory
b) the medical model
c) the DSM-IV-TR
d) linkage analysis

b) the medical model
In a study by David Rosenhan, researchers were admitted as patients into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be “hearing voices.” This study best illustrates the negative effects of

a) the medical model
b) diagnostic labels
c) psychoanalytic theory
d) linkage analysis

b) diagnostic labels