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Quiz # 7 – Flashcard

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Who among the following is NOT considered a relational Gestalt therapist?
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Fritz Perls
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Gestalt therapy is a form of:
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Existential therapy.
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Field theory suggests that:
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Everything in human experience is relational and in constant flux.
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A healthy contact experience involves:
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Interacting with others while maintaining a sense of self; creativity; maintaining balance between the figure and the ground.
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According to the Gestalt view, blocked energy is:
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Both (A defensive behavior and a form of resistance to contact).
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Which of the following is NOT considered one of the six methodological components of Gestalt therapy?
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Assessment
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A critical difference between early Gestalt therapy and relational Gestalt therapy is:
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The approach to confrontation.
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The Gestalt therapist:
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Pays attention to the client’s nonverbal language.
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In Gestalt theory, the experiment is considered:
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A theoretical proposition crafted to fit the client’s unique needs.
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When a person experiences an internal conflict (namely a conflict between top dog and underdog), which of the following techniques would be most appropriate?
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The internal dialogue exercise.
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Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client:
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Both (expand awareness of the here-and-now and intensify feelings and experiences).
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A Gestalt technique that is most useful when a person attempts to deny an aspect of his or her personality (such as tenderness) is:
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The reversal exercise.
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The Gestalt approach to dreams:
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Both (asks the client to become all parts of his or her own dream and has the client actively interpret the meaning of the dream for himself or herself).
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The paradoxical theory of behavior change suggests:
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We change through becoming aware of who we currently are.
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The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is:
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Attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.
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From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestalt therapy is that:
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Both (It tends to produce high levels of intense feelings and it is highly focused on direct expression of feelings).
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A contribution of this therapeutic approach is that:
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It enables intense experiencing to occur quickly; it can be a relatively brief therapy; it stresses doing and experiencing, as opposed to talking about problems.
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According to Gestalt theory, people use avoidance in order to:
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Keep themselves from facing unfinished business; keep from feeling uncomfortable emotions; keep from having to change.
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Empirical support for Gestalt therapy is:
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Becoming stronger.
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According to gestalt theory, all of the following are true about contact expect:
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Withdrawal after a good contact experience indicates neurosis.
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In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as:
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A joint venture; an existential encounter; an I/Thou interaction.
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Which of the following is NOT true about Gestalt techniques?
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Experiments are always carried out during the therapy session, rather than outside it.
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Which of the following is NOT true about Fritz Perls?
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During his childhood, he was a model student.
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Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of:
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Retroflection; projection; introjection.
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Which of the following aspects of a client’s use of language would a Gestalt therapist NOT focus on?
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Semantics.
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Which of the following is NOT true about the Gestalt view of the role of confrontation in therapy?
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It is not possible to be both confrontive and gentle with clients.
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Which of the following Gestalt techniques involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?
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Making the rounds.
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The empty chair technique:
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Assists clients in re-owning parts of their personality; balances internal polarities; allows clients to externalize an introject; helps to resolve unfinished business.
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Which of the following is NOT one of Miriam Polster’s three stages in her integration sequence?
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Reunification.
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A teenage girl is angry with her parents and cuts on her arm. In Gestalt terms, she is most likely engaging in:
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Retroflection.
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Because of his need to be liked, Jose makes careful efforts to get along with everyone and minimize interpersonal conflicts. Which boundary disturbance is Jose exhibiting?
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Confluence.
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Which of the following is NOT one of the Gestalt group leader’s roles?
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Evoking group catharsis.
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Without proper training, Gestalt therapists may:
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Evoke catharsis without having he ability to work it through with their client; design faulty experiments; may use ready made techniques inappropriately; may damage the therapeutic relationship with the client.
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Contemporary Gestalt therapists view client resistance as:
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An element of therapy that needs to be respected.
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Gestalt group work is:
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Action-oriented; focused on the here and now; creative.
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In the Gestalt view, unfinished business is best explored in the present.
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True
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A Gestalt therapist pays attention to ways the client uses language.
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True
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Both contact and withdrawal are necessary and important to healthy functioning.
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True
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The Gestalt approach to dream work consists of the therapist interpreting the meaning of the symbols in the dream.
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False
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Gestalt therapy relies mainly on psychoanalytic techniques.
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False
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Gestalt therapy is designed for individual counseling, and it typically does not work well in groups.
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False
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One of the contributions of gestalt therapy is the vast empirical research that has been done to validate the specific techniques used.
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False
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Gestaltists typically ask why questions in the attempt to get clients to think about the source of their problems.
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False
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Part of the success in using Gestalt techniques is contingent upon preparing clients for these techniques.
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True
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Most of the Gestalt techniques are designed to intensify one’s experiencing.
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True
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Gestalt therapists focus more on why clients are doing than what they are doing.
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False
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Since Gestalt therapy focuses on the here-and-now, the past is not explored or given emphasis in this approach.
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False
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In Gestalt terms, awareness refers to our connectedness to out external an internal worlds.
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True
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Preparing clients for Gestalt exercises destroys both their spontaneity and effectiveness.
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False
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Although Perls used a highly confrontational approach in dealing with client avoidance and resistance, the confrontational model is not representative of contemporary Gestalt therapy.
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True