Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Concussion severity should be based more on recovery from symptoms, neuropsychological tests and postural tests as opposed to grading scales
Which dental condition is characterized by loosening of the teeth, recession of the gingiva and infection?
The thin bony substance that covers the root of the tooth is known as the:
After the head is struck, the brain continues to move in the fluid and may be contused against the opposite side, causing this type of injury:
Most common sign of a mandibular fracture is loss of normal occlusion.
Of the three meninges, the outermost, consisting of a dense, fibrous, inelastic sheath that encloses the brain and cord, is the:
Which of the following can occur if an athlete who has sustained a previous concussion, is returned to play prior to resolution of symptoms, and receives another head injury?
Attempt to reattach
All of the following are ways to manage a fractured tooth EXCEPT:
An athlete who starts to exhibit symptoms of giddiness, attention difficulties, anxiety, and headaches hours or days after a collision may be considered to have:
Acute conjunctivitis is due to allergens and is not highly infectious
Amnesia is found in approximately 50% of all concussions.
CTE has been found in athletes and military personnel with a history of head injury
A deviated septum occurs from a lateral or compressive blow and may result in a hematoma, which needs to be surgically drained
A blow to the athlete’s eye can partially or completely separate the retina from its underlying epithelium, causing an immediate painful condition and a lack of vision in that eye.
Which of the following can be prevented by using a solution of 3% boric acid and alcohol?
Which of the following eye injuries is painless and results in the athlete seeing floating specks, flashes of light and having blurred vision?
Trauma to the helix fossa, or concha of the ear, that results in tearing of the overlying tissue from the cartilaginous plate and results in fluid accumulation is commonly referred to as:
Most logical approach to determine the severity of concussions is based on the presence and overall duration of symptoms only after all concussive signs and symptoms have resolved
Which of the following fractures is the third most common and results in epistaxis and diplopia as well as numbness of the cheek?
A rupture of the tympanic membrane requires surgical intervention for repair
Most common cause of TMJ dysfunction is a disk-condyle derangement in which the disk is positioned anteriorly when the jaw is closed.
The area of the mandible that is most frequently fractured is the area near the jaw’s frontal angle.
Can result in double vision
An orbital fracture of the eye:
Which anatomical part of the eye is responsible for the production of tears?
Naming the months of the year in reverse order is a commonly used on the field cognitive test
If a facial laceration occurs at the brow line, the eye brow should be shaved off in order to afford better closure of the wound.
The exact cause of migraine headaches is unknown, but the best management is through prevention.
Unequal pupil size following a head injury is always a sign of significant brain damage from the injury
Which of the following symptoms are NOT indicative of a serious eye injury?
Tilt the head back to decrease bleeding
Which of the following should NOT be done when managing a bleeding nose?
Look for impaired breathing
When evaluating an unconscious athlete you would first:
Cerebrospinal fluid is contained between the dura mater and arachnoid and helps diminish the transmission of shocking forces
Following a cerebral injury, an athlete may be returned to competition even if he or she has a slight headache as long as other neurological and vasomotor functions are normal
Which of the following describes the inability of an athlete to remember events after the injury has occurred?
An acute subdural hematoma is caused by an arterial bleed and is a common cause of death in athletes.
Raccoon eyes are a common sign for a nasal fracture.
A lateral force to the nose causes greater deformity than does a “straight on” blow.
In second-impact syndrome, the athlete may receive a minor blow to the head, appear stunned, and then collapse in as little as 15 seconds.
Most common fracture of the face is the mandibular fracture
Positive Rhomberg’s sign
When testing for balance, if an athlete is unable to keep eyes closed and is unable to maintain balance they are considered to have a:
A fracture of the larynx is indicated by an inability to breathe and expectoration of frothy blood
Which portion of the ear is formed by the temporal bone and is responsible for transportation of auditory impulses to the brain?
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Which condition is a progressive degenerative disease of the brain and also involves the accumulation of tau protein
Which of the meninges is extremely delicate and attached to the spinal cord
Which of the following is used to visually examine the tympanic membrane?
The mandating of mouth guards in football has decreased the number of dental injuries and all contact/collision athletes should wear one
Management of an avulsed tooth includes all the following EXCEPT
Acute conjunctivitis is extremely contagious and results in red, itchy, and watery eyes
Which of the following is not descriptive of the temporomandibular joint?
In the case of a tooth luxation, the tooth should be moved into its normal position, if it can be done easily.
Malignant brain edema
The condition common to children with head injuries characterized by diffuse brain swelling, resulting in hyperemia or vascular engorgement.
Two commonly used cognitive tests are serial 7’s and naming the months in reverse order
The common mechanism of injury for mandibular luxation involves a blow to the side while the mouth is closed.
A hyphema is a collection of blood within the anterior chamber of the eye
An epidural hematoma is caused by the tearing of the veins that bridge the dura mater to the brain.