public speaking jeopardy

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ethics
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The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
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ethnocentrism
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The belief that one’s own group or culture is superior to all other groups or cultures.
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three types of plagiarism
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Global- Stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own. Patchwork- Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own. Incremental- Failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
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7 steps of communication process
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Speaker- The person who is presenting an oral message to a listener. Message- Whatever a speaker communicates to someone else. Channel- The means by which a message is communicated. Listener- The person who receives the speaker’s message. Feedback- The message, usually nonverbal, sent from a listener to a speaker. Interference- Anything that impedes the communication of a message. Can be both internal and external Situation- The time and place in which speech communication occurs.
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fram of reference
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The sum of a person’s knowledge, experience, goals, values, and attitudes.
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extemporaneous
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Carefully prepared, rehearsed speech presented from brief notes
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specific purpose statement
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“To inform my audience about the history of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation” is an example of what?
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4 primary guidelines for developing the thesis/central ideas
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Express as a full sentence Don’t express as a question Avoid figurative language Don’t be vague
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What are the “three” primary components of the introduction?
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Gain the attention of the audience Reinforce the thesis/central idea Preview the main points
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topical order
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In her first speech, Kayla introduced her classmate Sean to the class. Each of her main points dealt with one of Sean’s hobbies. According to your textbook, Kayla’s speech was arranged in __________ order.
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testimony
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question or paraphrases used to support a point
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brief example
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Specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point.
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expert testimony
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According to your textbook, if you quoted Harvard business professor John B. Matthews on the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. business schools, you would be using __________ testimony.
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It doesn’t cite a qualified source for the statistics.
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How does the following excerpt from a classroom speech violate the guidelines for the use of statistics presented in your textbook? “I discovered on the Internet that each year, for every 100,000 students living in college dormitories, there are 4 cases of bacterial meningitis.”
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What are the “four” criteria for citing sources orally?
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Name of document Author, or sponsoring organization Qualifications Date
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strategic organization
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Organizing a speech to achieve particular results with a particular audience.
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What is a similarity between both the preparation and the speaking outline?
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Consistent pattern of symbolization and organization.
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The best time to work out the exact wording of a speech introduction is…
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The best time to work out the exact wording of a speech introduction is…
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Which of the following organizational patterns is used more than any other method of speech organization because of its applicability to almost any subject?
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Topical Order
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What are the “9” requirements of a preparation outline?
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Title Specific Purpose Thesis/Central Idea Introduction Main Points Subpoints Transitions Conclusion Bibliography
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Why might a speaker use a PowerPoint in their speech?
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Enables use of visual variety Display photographs
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Changes in rate, pitch, and volume Gives the voice expressiveness
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vocal variety
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If you were giving a speech about how to execute basic karate moves, the best kind of visual aid to use would probably be
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yourself
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Malcolm said “um” or “uh” every time he got to a new PowerPoint slide in his informative speech. His instructor told Malcolm to reduce the number of __________ in his next speech.
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vocalized pasuses
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Mr. Bryan will be giving an informative speech on organ donation and wants to distribute organ-donor cards to his listeners. When should he distribute the cards?
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after a speech

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