Psychology Quizzes Unit 4

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Compliance is a response to a direct request, whereas conformity is a response to perceived social pressure
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T
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Modern replications of Milgram’s obedience research have demonstrated that the extent to which individuals obey is best predicted by their personality traits and moral values
answer

F
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In both social facilitation and social impairment, the key factor is the effect of arousal on performance of a tast
answer

T
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Attitude formation is the result of a number of influences, which make little difference in persuasive attempts to change attitudes.
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F
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The most commonly used tactics for persuasion constitute strategies for prompting critical thinking.
answer

F
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Social categorization of, and application of stereotypical beliefs to, members of a social group can occur without conscious awareness.
answer

T
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Due to the fact that they lead to discrimination, stereotypes are always negative.
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F
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Social groups which become targets for prejudice and discrimination-scapegoats- are usually the group of people with the least power.
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T
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Research on the relationship between exposure to violent media and aggressive behavior has produced reliable support for the conclusion that exposure to violent media directly causes aggressive behavior.
answer

F
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Research on aggressive behavior demonstrates that such behavior in humans is instinctual, and thus largely uncontrollable.
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F
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Research on helping behavior consistently demonstrates that individuals likelihood of helping others is best predicted by their personality traits and moral values.
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F
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Temperament with which we are born is the basis upon which adult personality is built.
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T
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The psychodynamic theory of personality has its basis in theories of learning, and emphasize the effects of environment on one’s personal character and actions.
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F
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Freud believed that the unconscious mind is the most important determining factor in behavior and personality.
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T
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Freud believed that we could become fixated, and develop a particular personality type, if our needs were delayed at a particular psychosexual stage.
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T
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A significant problem with psychoanalytic/psychodynamic concepts is that they are difficult to test through methodically sound research.
answer

T
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A psychologist argues that the three factors that, through their interaction, determine personality are the individuals environment, cognitive traits, and behavior. This psychologist is a proponent of humanism.
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F
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One of the main differences between the psychoanalytic view and the social cognitive perspective is that the conscious mind is more important to the psychoanalyst than to the cognitive theorist.
answer

F

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