Psychology Quiz 3 Test Questions

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Children can reach half their adult height by the age _______ years
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2
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The human body is equipped to protect the brain when malnutrition temporarily affects body growth. This protective feature is known as…
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head-sparing
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A basic nerve cell in the central nervous system is called a…
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neuron
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The last part of the brain to mature is the…
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prefrontal cortex
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Synapses are…
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intersections where the axons of one neuron meet the dendrites of another neuron
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Transient exuberance is the:
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rapid growth of dendrites during the first few years of life
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Pruning is the process by which:
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unused connections between neurons are eliminated
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The signs of REM sleep include flickering of the infants:
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closed eyes and rapid brain waves
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You see a beautiful yellow flower while walking through a meadow. Your eyes seeing the flower is a matter of __________. Your brain determining that the flower is yellow is a matter of _________. Imagining how the flower will look in a vase would demonstrate __________.
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sensation; perception; cognition
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The sense that is the least developed at birth is an infant’s:
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vision
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Large movements that coordinate many parts of the body are known as _______ motor skills.
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gross
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What three factors contribute to the ability to walk?
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muscle strength, brain maturation, practice
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The most lethal disease for all children in past centuries was:
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smallpox
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When children are immunized, they contribute to the protection of others. This is referred to as:
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herd immunity
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Breast milk:
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provides antibodies to fight diseases
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Hasan is 2 years old and does not have enough food. As a result, he has unusual swelling in his face and abdomen, and thin, colorless hair. Hasan is suffering from:
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kwashiorkor
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During the sensorimotor stage, the child’s main task is to:
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use senses and motor skills to understand the world
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Research indicates that infants reach the stages of Piaget’s sensorimotor intelligence ________ Piaget originally predicted
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earlier than
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Which theory compares human thought to the workings of a computer?
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information-processing theory
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The usual order of the development of spoken language in an infant is:
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reflexes, cooing, babbling, and spoken words
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Research has found that child-directed speech is:
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spoken in a high pitch with simple vocabulary and short sentences
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The term holophrase is used to denote:
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the infant’s use of one word to express a whole thought
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As infants acquire language, they say more _______ than any other parts of speech
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nouns
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Javier’s mother is a native Spanish speaker, and his father is a native English speaker. He hears both languages equally often and is addressed in Spanish by his mother and in English by his father. If Javier is a typical toddler, how will his language skills be affected by this early experience?
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his mastery of both languages will proceed normally, with proper grammar in both
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The language acquisition device (LAD) was proposed by Chomsky to explain:
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children’s ability to derive the rules of grammar quickly and effectively

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