Psychology of Drug Use and Effects Exam #4 – Flashcards

question
Paraprofessionals
answer
People working in direct patient care and not possessing a formal degree
question
TV and Radio
answer
The most frequently used vehicles for mass media prevention efforts
question
The Amethyst Initiative
answer
Argues that lowering the legal drinking age from 21 to 18 years of age would reduce binge drinking on college campuses
question
A. SOS B. SMART C. RR D. All of these Answer is D. All of these
answer
Differs from AA in that there is no emphasis on spirituality or a higher power
question
Antipsychotic drugs
answer
Account for a small fraction of psychotherapeutic prescriptions
question
Detoxification
answer
Involved the medical management of alcohol withdrawal symptoms
question
Motivational enhancement
answer
A non-medical treatment for alcohol use disorders in which verbal psychotherapy is used to encourage the individual to move forward in the stages of changes alcohol-use patterns
question
Acamprosate
answer
A pharmacotherapy for alcoholism that affects the NMDA receptor and the metabotrophic glutamate receptors
question
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
answer
A self-help group for alcohol abusers that was founded by Dr. Bob and Bill W.
question
SMART
answer
A self-help group that is purported to be based on methods that are scientifically validated and is led by a coordinator who has maintained a period of sobriety or has never had an alcoholic problem
question
social detoxification
answer
An approach in which a persons withdrawal is monitored by professional staff in a treatment setting, but no drugs are administered
question
St. John's Wart
answer
A herb that has been used extensively in Europe for mild to moderate depression
question
sponsorship
answer
One of the last steps in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and involves a stable one-to-one relationship between a member with more sobriety and one with less
question
Denial
answer
The greatest barrier to changing a substance abuse problem
question
Maintenance
answer
The last stage of the stages of change model
question
Lithium
answer
The only drug in psychiatry for which there is effective prophylaxis against disease reoccurrence
question
harm reduction
answer
Policies focus on decreasing the negative consequences of Drug Use for the individual and the community
question
tertiary prevention
answer
Includes treating persons who are beyond the early stages of substance abuse or dependence
question
secondary prevention
answer
Used in the legal system response to substance misuse
question
primary prevention
answer
Pertains to the avoidance of substance abuse before it has a chance to occur
question
EAP
answer
These programs are examples of worksite prevention programs
question
Affect-oriented
answer
These programs often involve values clarification and decision making
question
Affect oriented
answer
These programs typically emphasize exploration of one's own needs and beliefs regarding drugs
question
Spontaneous remission
answer
Refers to the resolution of a problem without the use of formal treatment
question
electroshock therapy
answer
Was an early treatment for severe depression and is still used today
question
Chlorpromazine
answer
Was synthesized in 1950 by Paul Charpentier, was initially used as an anesthesia in surgery, and was later widely used for its calming effects on agitated psychotic patients
question
Primary
answer
A TV spot emphasizing the need to not let friends drive drunk would be an example of what type of prevention?
question
Roofies
answer
A common name for flunitrazepam
question
Gingko biloba
answer
A dietary supplement that has been touted to improve memory and cognitive function
question
over-the-counter
answer
A drug that does not require a prescription to purchase
question
Sedative
answer
A drug that induced sleep
question
Anxiolytic
answer
A drug that reduces anxiety
question
Harm reduction
answer
A needle exchange program would be an example of the ______________ approach to substance abuse
question
Outpatient treatment
answer
About 60% of the drug abusers in treatment receive their treatment in ______________________.
question
Catecholamine
answer
According to the ________________hypothesis, tricyclics antidepressants are believed to block the uptake of norepinephrine from the synaptic cleft
question
Moral
answer
According to the __________ model, treatment consists of spiritual or legal intervention
question
Social learning
answer
According to the ____________ model, treatment includes arranging a person's environment so that nonabuse of psychoactive substances is reinforced.
question
45%
answer
According to the national Comorbidity Survey Replication, what percentage of U.S. adults with one mental disorder also met criteria for at least one other disorder
question
Dopaminergic
answer
According to the predominant theory regarding the action of antipsychotics, psychosis is induced by increasing levels of _________________ activity.
question
Precontemplation
answer
According to the stages of change model, individuals in the ______________stage often have not acknowledged a problem
question
Aspirin
answer
Acetylsalicylic avid is better known as what?
question
Sociocultural
answer
Advertising and education approaches to the problem of driving after drinking follow the _________ model of prevention.
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question
Paraprofessionals
answer
People working in direct patient care and not possessing a formal degree
question
TV and Radio
answer
The most frequently used vehicles for mass media prevention efforts
question
The Amethyst Initiative
answer
Argues that lowering the legal drinking age from 21 to 18 years of age would reduce binge drinking on college campuses
question
A. SOS B. SMART C. RR D. All of these Answer is D. All of these
answer
Differs from AA in that there is no emphasis on spirituality or a higher power
question
Antipsychotic drugs
answer
Account for a small fraction of psychotherapeutic prescriptions
question
Detoxification
answer
Involved the medical management of alcohol withdrawal symptoms
question
Motivational enhancement
answer
A non-medical treatment for alcohol use disorders in which verbal psychotherapy is used to encourage the individual to move forward in the stages of changes alcohol-use patterns
question
Acamprosate
answer
A pharmacotherapy for alcoholism that affects the NMDA receptor and the metabotrophic glutamate receptors
question
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
answer
A self-help group for alcohol abusers that was founded by Dr. Bob and Bill W.
question
SMART
answer
A self-help group that is purported to be based on methods that are scientifically validated and is led by a coordinator who has maintained a period of sobriety or has never had an alcoholic problem
question
social detoxification
answer
An approach in which a persons withdrawal is monitored by professional staff in a treatment setting, but no drugs are administered
question
St. John's Wart
answer
A herb that has been used extensively in Europe for mild to moderate depression
question
sponsorship
answer
One of the last steps in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and involves a stable one-to-one relationship between a member with more sobriety and one with less
question
Denial
answer
The greatest barrier to changing a substance abuse problem
question
Maintenance
answer
The last stage of the stages of change model
question
Lithium
answer
The only drug in psychiatry for which there is effective prophylaxis against disease reoccurrence
question
harm reduction
answer
Policies focus on decreasing the negative consequences of Drug Use for the individual and the community
question
tertiary prevention
answer
Includes treating persons who are beyond the early stages of substance abuse or dependence
question
secondary prevention
answer
Used in the legal system response to substance misuse
question
primary prevention
answer
Pertains to the avoidance of substance abuse before it has a chance to occur
question
EAP
answer
These programs are examples of worksite prevention programs
question
Affect-oriented
answer
These programs often involve values clarification and decision making
question
Affect oriented
answer
These programs typically emphasize exploration of one's own needs and beliefs regarding drugs
question
Spontaneous remission
answer
Refers to the resolution of a problem without the use of formal treatment
question
electroshock therapy
answer
Was an early treatment for severe depression and is still used today
question
Chlorpromazine
answer
Was synthesized in 1950 by Paul Charpentier, was initially used as an anesthesia in surgery, and was later widely used for its calming effects on agitated psychotic patients
question
Primary
answer
A TV spot emphasizing the need to not let friends drive drunk would be an example of what type of prevention?
question
Roofies
answer
A common name for flunitrazepam
question
Gingko biloba
answer
A dietary supplement that has been touted to improve memory and cognitive function
question
over-the-counter
answer
A drug that does not require a prescription to purchase
question
Sedative
answer
A drug that induced sleep
question
Anxiolytic
answer
A drug that reduces anxiety
question
Harm reduction
answer
A needle exchange program would be an example of the ______________ approach to substance abuse
question
Outpatient treatment
answer
About 60% of the drug abusers in treatment receive their treatment in ______________________.
question
Catecholamine
answer
According to the ________________hypothesis, tricyclics antidepressants are believed to block the uptake of norepinephrine from the synaptic cleft
question
Moral
answer
According to the __________ model, treatment consists of spiritual or legal intervention
question
Social learning
answer
According to the ____________ model, treatment includes arranging a person's environment so that nonabuse of psychoactive substances is reinforced.
question
45%
answer
According to the national Comorbidity Survey Replication, what percentage of U.S. adults with one mental disorder also met criteria for at least one other disorder
question
Dopaminergic
answer
According to the predominant theory regarding the action of antipsychotics, psychosis is induced by increasing levels of _________________ activity.
question
Precontemplation
answer
According to the stages of change model, individuals in the ______________stage often have not acknowledged a problem
question
Aspirin
answer
Acetylsalicylic avid is better known as what?
question
Sociocultural
answer
Advertising and education approaches to the problem of driving after drinking follow the _________ model of prevention.