Psychology Chapter 15 Flashcards

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Which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy
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Systematic desensitization
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A therapist who takes an eclectic approach is one who
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Uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic approaches
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The first psychological therapy was introduced by
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Sigmund Freud
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Helping people gain insight into the unconscious origins of their disorder is a central aim of
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Psychoanalysis
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An important feature of client-centered therapy is
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Active listening
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Carl Rogers encouraged client-centered therapists to ___ during the process of therapy
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Genuinely express their own true feelings
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In one treatment for bed-wetting, the child sleeps on a liquid- sensitive pad that when wet, triggers an alarm and awakens the child. This treatment is a form of
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Behavior therapy
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Systematic desensitization is a form of___, which is a type of__
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Counter conditioning, behavior therapy
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Virtual reality exposure therapy is a form of
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Systematic desensitization
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Connor is constantly chewing tobacco. To reduce his appetite for this product, a behavior therapist would most likely use
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Aversive conditioning
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A token economy represents an application of the principles of
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Operant conditioning
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Decreasing negative thoughts by engaging in a pleasent activity is a cognitive therapy technique designed to
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Reduce anxiety
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Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person’s role within a social system
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Family therapy
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A famous 12 step program is associated with
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AA
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Which form of therapy has been found to be especially effective in the treatment of post-tramatic stress disorder
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Cognitive-behavioral therapy
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The placebo effect refers to
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The beneficial consequences of merely expecting that a treatmnt will be effective
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Light exposure therapy was developed to relieve symptoms of
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Depression
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By earning a client’s trust, emphatic and caring therapists promote
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A therapeutic alliance
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Double-blind studies enable researchers to assess the extent to which drug therapy outcomes are attributable to
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The placebo effect
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Melissa suffers from auditory hallucination and falsely believs that her former high school teachers are trying to kill her. Melissa’s sysmptoms are most likely to be relieved by ___ drugs
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Anti-psychotic
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Xanax and Ativan are __ drugs
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Anti-anxiety
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Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of
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Depression
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Psychosurgery involves
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Removing or destroying brain tissue
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Inserting a medical instrument through each eye socket was part if a procedure known as
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A lobotomy
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MRI- guided precision surgery is occasionallt done to cut the brain circuits involved in severe cases of
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Obsessive-compulsive disorder

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