Psychology Chapter 15

Which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy
Systematic desensitization
A therapist who takes an eclectic approach is one who
Uses a variety of psychological theories and therapeutic approaches
The first psychological therapy was introduced by
Sigmund Freud
Helping people gain insight into the unconscious origins of their disorder is a central aim of
Psychoanalysis
An important feature of client-centered therapy is
Active listening
Carl Rogers encouraged client-centered therapists to ___ during the process of therapy
Genuinely express their own true feelings
In one treatment for bed-wetting, the child sleeps on a liquid- sensitive pad that when wet, triggers an alarm and awakens the child. This treatment is a form of
Behavior therapy
Systematic desensitization is a form of___, which is a type of__
Counter conditioning, behavior therapy
Virtual reality exposure therapy is a form of
Systematic desensitization
Connor is constantly chewing tobacco. To reduce his appetite for this product, a behavior therapist would most likely use
Aversive conditioning
A token economy represents an application of the principles of
Operant conditioning
Decreasing negative thoughts by engaging in a pleasent activity is a cognitive therapy technique designed to
Reduce anxiety
Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person’s role within a social system
Family therapy
A famous 12 step program is associated with
AA
Which form of therapy has been found to be especially effective in the treatment of post-tramatic stress disorder
Cognitive-behavioral therapy
The placebo effect refers to
The beneficial consequences of merely expecting that a treatmnt will be effective
Light exposure therapy was developed to relieve symptoms of
Depression
By earning a client’s trust, emphatic and caring therapists promote
A therapeutic alliance
Double-blind studies enable researchers to assess the extent to which drug therapy outcomes are attributable to
The placebo effect
Melissa suffers from auditory hallucination and falsely believs that her former high school teachers are trying to kill her. Melissa’s sysmptoms are most likely to be relieved by ___ drugs
Anti-psychotic
Xanax and Ativan are __ drugs
Anti-anxiety
Electroconvulsive therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of
Depression
Psychosurgery involves
Removing or destroying brain tissue
Inserting a medical instrument through each eye socket was part if a procedure known as
A lobotomy
MRI- guided precision surgery is occasionallt done to cut the brain circuits involved in severe cases of
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
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