Flashcards About Psychology Chapter 1

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Contemporary psychology is best defined as the scientific study of:
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behavior and mental processes
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The biopsychosocial approach provides an understanding of social-cultural influences integrated within the larger framework of:
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multiple levels of analysis.
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Clinical psychologists are most likely to be involved in:
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providing therapy to troubled people.
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The specialist most likely to have a medical degree is a(n):
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psychiatrist.
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The hindsight bias refers to people’s tendency to:
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exaggerate their ability to have foreseen the outcome of past events.
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A questioning attitude regarding psychologist’s assumptions and hidden values best illustrates:
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critical thinking.
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A hypothesis is a(n):
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testable prediction the gives direction to research.
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In which type of research is a representative random sample of people asked ot answer questions about their behaviors or attitudes?
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the survey
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Psychologists who carefully watch the behavior of chimpanzee societies in the jungle are using a research method known as:
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naturalistic observation.
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Correlation refers to the extent to which two variables:
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vary together.
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Illusory correlation refers to:
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the perception of a relationship between two variables that does not exist.
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Which of the following methods is most helpful for revealing cause-effect relationships?
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the experiment.
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In which type of research would an investigator manipulate one factor in order to observe its effect on some behavior or mental process?
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experimentation.
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To minimize the extent to which outcome differences between experimental and control groups can be attributed to placebo effects, researchers make use of:
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the double-blind procedure.
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Research participants are randomly assigned to different groups in an experiment in order to:
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reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between groups of participants.
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In a psychological experiment, the potentially causal factor that is manipulated by the investigator is called the ___________ variable.
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independent
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In a psychological experiment, the factor that may be influenced by the manipulated experimental treatment is called the _________ variable.
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dependent
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The SQ3R study method emphasizes the importance of:
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reviewing material.

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