psychology chap 2

biopsychologists
psychologists who specialize in considering the ways in which the biological structures and functions of the body affect behavior are known as:

genetic psychologists
biopsychologists
evolutionary psychologists
clinical neuropsychologists

neurons
the basic elements of the nervous system are called

axons
glial cells
neurons
neurotransmitters

glial cells
neurons are physically held in place by:

axons
glial cells
dendrites
myelin cells

dendrite
a cluster of fibers at one end of a neuron that receives messages from other neurons is called

axon
terminal button
glial fiber
dendrite

long, slim, tube-like structure extending from a neuron
an axon is a(n)

neuron’s cell body
cluster of fibers at one end of a neuron
support cell in the nervous system
long, slim, tubelike structure extending from a neuron

hierarchical
which of the following terms describes the organization of the nervous system today

linear
recursive
hierarchical
random

evolutionary psychology
the branch of psychology that seeks to identify behavior patterns that are a result of our genetic inheritance from our ancestors is
known as:

social psychology
health psychology
clinical psychology
evolutionary psychology

behavioral genetics
evolutionary psychologists have spawn a new and increasingly influential field;it studies the effects of heredity on how people conduct themselves

social psychology
health psychology
molecular genetics
behavioral genetics

cerebellum
the part of the brain that controls bodily balance is the:

hypothalamus
thalamus
reticular formation
cerebellum

reticular formaiton
the part of the brain extending from the medulla through the pons and made up of groups of nerve cells that can immediately activate other parts of the brain to produce general bodily arousal is known as the:

reticular formation
thalamus
cerebellum
limbic system

limbic system
the structures of the _______________ jointly control a variety of basic functions relating to emotions and self-preservation such as eating, aggression, and reproduction

central core of the brain
endocrine system
limbic system
cerebral cortex

cerebral cortex
the _______ ______ is referred to as the “new brain”

hindbrain
limbic system
cerebral cortex
central core

motor
the ______ area is part of the cortex that is largely responsible for the body’s voluntary movement.

attribution
sensory
motor
association

sensory
the ______ area is the site in the brain of the tissue that corresponds to each of the senses, with the degree of sensitivity related to the amount of tissue

attribution
sensory
motor
association

occipital lobe
the visual area in the cortex is located in the:

frontal lobe
occipital lobe
temporal lobe
parietal lobe

central
the brain and the spinal cord constitute the _________ nervous system

central
peripheral
extraneous
parasympathetic

reflex
________________ is an automatic, involuntary response to an incoming stimulus

action potential
intuition
instinct
reflex

interneurons
_______________ are neurons that connect sensory and motor neurons, carrying messages between the two

mirror neurons
amphid neurons
interneurons
autoneurons

somatic division
____________ _______ is the part of the peripheral nervous system that specializes in the control of voluntary movements and the communication of information to and from the sense organs

somatic division
sympathetic division
parasympathetic division
autonomic division

sympathetic division
the part of the the autonomic division of the nervous system tha acts to prepare the body for action in stressful situations, engaging all the organism’s resources to respond to a threat is known as the:

somatic division
sympathetic division
parasympathetic division
apathetic division

sympathetic
the “fight-or-flight” response is associated with the _________ division

somatic
sympathetic
parasympathetic
apathetic division

axon
which of the following structures is especially important for carrying messages received by the dendrites to other neurons?

neurotransmitter
synapse
axon
glial cell

myelin sheath
_______ _______ is a protective coat of fat and protein that wraps around the axon

myelin sheath
glial cell
dendrite
synapse

synapse
________________ is the space between two neurons where the axon of a sending neuron communicates with the dendrites of a receiving neuron by using chemical messages

synapse
terminal button
axon
cell body

reuptake
the re-absorption of neurotransmitters by a terminal button is termed as:

recycling
reassertion
reuptake
reuse

movement, attention, and learning
the neurotransmitter dopamine is involved in

the brain’s effort to deal with pain
Alzheimer’s disease
the regulation of sleep, eating, mood and pain
movement, attention, and learning

association areas
the brain injury suffered by 19th-century railroad workers Phineas Gage allowed psychologists to learn about the functions of the brain’s:

association areas
central core
limbic system
sensory areas

biofeedback
Mrs. Simon has learned to lessen the pain associated with her migraine headaches by voluntarily relaxing specific muscles and reducing her blood pressure. This example illustrates:

deep-brain stimulation
biofeedback
split-brain control
transcranial stimulation

behavioral neuroscientist
Alison has developed an interest in the ways in which the biological structures and functions of the body. She will most likely become a (n)

genetic psychologist
behavioral psychologist
evolutionary psychologist
clinical neuropsychologist

EEG
Brent is taking part in an experiment in the cognitive neuroscience lab on campus. Silently, he reads rapid sequence of words flashed on a computer screen. Simultaneously, the electrical activity of his brain is recorded through skull electrodes. The brain scanning technique used in this study is

fMRI
PET
EEG
TMS

cerebellum
Yves has been drinking. He has difficulty walking a straight line when asked to do so by a police officer. Apparently, Yves’ ______ is functioning poorly

thalamus
cerebellum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
reticular formation

behavioral genetics
The study of the effects of heredity on how people conduct themselves is known as

behavioral genetics
classical genetics
development genetics
molecular genetics