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Psychology Ch. 13 Essay

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Action Therapy
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Main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior directly
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Dr. Phillipe Pinel is known for
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personally unchaining the inmates at an asylum in Paris
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The first organized effort to do something with mentally ill persons began in
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London
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In behavior therapy, the reduction of the undesired behavior is:
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easy to measure, but gaining insights, feelings of control, and self-worth are not easily evaluated
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Anthony often gets angry and stomps off when things don’t go his way. To help him learn to deal with his anger, his parents engage him in a game of Candy Land. They respond the way they would like to see Anthony respond when he loses a turn or is forced to move backward on the board. Anthony’s parents are using a behavior modification technique called
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Modeling
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Joy earns a gumball sticker for every chore she completes. She puts the sticks on her gumball chart. When the gumball chart is filled, Joy gets to choose a prize out of the prize box. Joys parents are using
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Token Economy
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Joshua’s sister had a bad day at school. As a result, she doesn’t want to play with him. Joshua assumes she is angry with him. Joshua is experiencing:
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Personalization
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VIrtual Reality can be used to expose patients to ______ objects and situations
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Phobic
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_______group therapy can be effective for social anxiety disorder
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Cognitive-behavioral
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In________, no one person is seen as the problem
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Family Therapy
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When the therapist becomes a symbol of a parental authority figure from the past, the patient is experiencing:
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Transference
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Individuals who are extremely withdrawn or who suffer from psychotic symptoms are generally not good candidates for ________treatment
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Psychodynamic
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An insight therapy that emphasizes revealing unconscious conflicts, urges, and desires that may be causing mental disorders is called
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Psychoanalysis
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A therapy technique in which the therapist restates what the client says rather than interpreting the statements is known as
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Reflection
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A therapy style in which the therapist acts primarily as a sounding board is called ________ therapy
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Nondirective
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Who founded Gestalt Therapy?
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Fritz Perls
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Who undertook one of the earliest studies into the question of whether psychotherapy really works??
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Hans Eysenck
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A warm and caring relationship between client and therapist, characterized by empathy and understanding, is called:
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the therapeutic alliance
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A common distortion in thought that can cause negative feelings and unrealistic beliefs in people is “jumping to conclusions”. This is referred to
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Arbitrary inference
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_______therapies are action based rather than insight based
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Behavior
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The process in which an undesirable behavior is paired with an aversive stimulus to reduce the frequency of the behavior is called
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Aversion Therapy
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Rather than focusing on the behavior itself, ____therapies focus on the distorted thinking and unrealistic beliefs that lead to maladaptive behavior
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Cognitive
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Therapies that directly affect the biological functioning of the body and brain are known as
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Biomedical therapies
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_______involved cutting into the brain to remove or destroy brain tissue for the purpose of relieving symptoms of mental disorders
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Psychosurgery
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The use of drugs to control or relieve the symptoms of psychological disorders is called
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Psychopharmacology