Psychology 1100 Chapter 15 – Flashcards

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Psychotherapy
answer
Treatment designed to improve symptoms of psychological disorder through conversation between the therapist and the patient or client.
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Humanistic Therapy
answer
A therapy approach patterned after the theories proposed by humanistic psychologists.
question
Counseling
answer
used to refer to treatment for adjustment problems as opposed to treatment for severe psychological disorders.
question
Counselor
answer
PhD, PsyD, doctor of education, or various masters degree who specializes in problems with adjustment.
question
Clinical Psychologist
answer
Treats psychological disorders and problems with adjustment -If specially liscense, prescribes medication
question
Psychotherapist
answer
A licensed professional who provides psychotherapy.
question
Psychiatrist
answer
A medical doctor who specializes in psychiatry and can use medical procedures, such as the prescribing of medication, to treat psychological disorders.
question
Brief Therapy
answer
Psychotherapy provided in a short time frame, usually between three and five sessions.
question
Group Therapy
answer
Psychotherapy conducted with a group of people rather than individually.
question
Family Therapy
answer
A type of therapy in which family members participate individually and in combination with other family members.
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Couples Therapy
answer
A type of therapy that focuses on intimate relationships.
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Psychoanalysis
answer
Directive therapy, free association, dream analysis, analysis of resistance, analysis of transference.
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Humanistic Therapy
answer
Nondirective therapy, unconditional positive regard, reflection, empathy.
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Behavior Therapy
answer
Applications of classical and operant conditioning principles to the treatment of symptoms of psychological disorder and adjustment problems. -based on observed behavior only
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Cognitive Therapy
answer
Cognitive reconstructuring, combination of restructuring with behavior modification in cognitive behavioral therapy.
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Biological Treatments
answer
Medication, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, brain stimulation, neurofeedback.
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Applied Behavior Analysis
answer
Behavior modification.
question
Cognitive Restructuring
answer
A technique used in cognitive therapies in which new, rational beliefs replace earlier, irrational beliefs held by the client.
question
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
answer
A combination of cognitive restructuring with behavioral treatments that has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of many psychological disorders.
question
Biopsychosocial Approach
answer
An integrated approach to therapy that combines treatments addressing the biological, personal, and social underpinnings of psychological disorders.
question
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
answer
A biological treatment in which seizures are induced in an anesthetized patient; it is used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders that have not responded to medication or other treatments.
question
Psychosurgery
answer
The attempt to improve symptoms of psychological disorders through the use of brain surgery.
question
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
answer
A treatment that involves placing a pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain.
question
Deep Brain Stimulation
answer
Electrical stimulation applied through surgically implanted electrodes that is used to treat some anxiety and mood disorders.
question
Neurofeedback
answer
A type of biofeedback used to treat ADHD and seizures by teaching the client to keep measures of brain activity within a certain range.
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Tardive Dyskinesia
answer
A movement syndrome that results from the use of medication used to treat symptoms of schizophrenia.
question
Antidepressant Medication
answer
A medication designed to alleviate symptoms of depression but often prescribed for other types of conditions.
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question
Psychotherapy
answer
Treatment designed to improve symptoms of psychological disorder through conversation between the therapist and the patient or client.
question
Humanistic Therapy
answer
A therapy approach patterned after the theories proposed by humanistic psychologists.
question
Counseling
answer
used to refer to treatment for adjustment problems as opposed to treatment for severe psychological disorders.
question
Counselor
answer
PhD, PsyD, doctor of education, or various masters degree who specializes in problems with adjustment.
question
Clinical Psychologist
answer
Treats psychological disorders and problems with adjustment -If specially liscense, prescribes medication
question
Psychotherapist
answer
A licensed professional who provides psychotherapy.
question
Psychiatrist
answer
A medical doctor who specializes in psychiatry and can use medical procedures, such as the prescribing of medication, to treat psychological disorders.
question
Brief Therapy
answer
Psychotherapy provided in a short time frame, usually between three and five sessions.
question
Group Therapy
answer
Psychotherapy conducted with a group of people rather than individually.
question
Family Therapy
answer
A type of therapy in which family members participate individually and in combination with other family members.
question
Couples Therapy
answer
A type of therapy that focuses on intimate relationships.
question
Psychoanalysis
answer
Directive therapy, free association, dream analysis, analysis of resistance, analysis of transference.
question
Humanistic Therapy
answer
Nondirective therapy, unconditional positive regard, reflection, empathy.
question
Behavior Therapy
answer
Applications of classical and operant conditioning principles to the treatment of symptoms of psychological disorder and adjustment problems. -based on observed behavior only
question
Cognitive Therapy
answer
Cognitive reconstructuring, combination of restructuring with behavior modification in cognitive behavioral therapy.
question
Biological Treatments
answer
Medication, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, brain stimulation, neurofeedback.
question
Applied Behavior Analysis
answer
Behavior modification.
question
Cognitive Restructuring
answer
A technique used in cognitive therapies in which new, rational beliefs replace earlier, irrational beliefs held by the client.
question
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
answer
A combination of cognitive restructuring with behavioral treatments that has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of many psychological disorders.
question
Biopsychosocial Approach
answer
An integrated approach to therapy that combines treatments addressing the biological, personal, and social underpinnings of psychological disorders.
question
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
answer
A biological treatment in which seizures are induced in an anesthetized patient; it is used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders that have not responded to medication or other treatments.
question
Psychosurgery
answer
The attempt to improve symptoms of psychological disorders through the use of brain surgery.
question
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
answer
A treatment that involves placing a pulsed magnet over a person's scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain.
question
Deep Brain Stimulation
answer
Electrical stimulation applied through surgically implanted electrodes that is used to treat some anxiety and mood disorders.
question
Neurofeedback
answer
A type of biofeedback used to treat ADHD and seizures by teaching the client to keep measures of brain activity within a certain range.
question
Tardive Dyskinesia
answer
A movement syndrome that results from the use of medication used to treat symptoms of schizophrenia.
question
Antidepressant Medication
answer
A medication designed to alleviate symptoms of depression but often prescribed for other types of conditions.