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Psychology 1100 Chapter 15

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Psychotherapy
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Treatment designed to improve symptoms of psychological disorder through conversation between the therapist and the patient or client.
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Humanistic Therapy
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A therapy approach patterned after the theories proposed by humanistic psychologists.
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Counseling
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used to refer to treatment for adjustment problems as opposed to treatment for severe psychological disorders.
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Counselor
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PhD, PsyD, doctor of education, or various masters degree who specializes in problems with adjustment.
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Clinical Psychologist
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Treats psychological disorders and problems with adjustment -If specially liscense, prescribes medication
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Psychotherapist
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A licensed professional who provides psychotherapy.
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Psychiatrist
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A medical doctor who specializes in psychiatry and can use medical procedures, such as the prescribing of medication, to treat psychological disorders.
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Brief Therapy
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Psychotherapy provided in a short time frame, usually between three and five sessions.
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Group Therapy
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Psychotherapy conducted with a group of people rather than individually.
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Family Therapy
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A type of therapy in which family members participate individually and in combination with other family members.
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Couples Therapy
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A type of therapy that focuses on intimate relationships.
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Psychoanalysis
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Directive therapy, free association, dream analysis, analysis of resistance, analysis of transference.
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Humanistic Therapy
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Nondirective therapy, unconditional positive regard, reflection, empathy.
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Behavior Therapy
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Applications of classical and operant conditioning principles to the treatment of symptoms of psychological disorder and adjustment problems. -based on observed behavior only
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Cognitive Therapy
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Cognitive reconstructuring, combination of restructuring with behavior modification in cognitive behavioral therapy.
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Biological Treatments
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Medication, electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, brain stimulation, neurofeedback.
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Applied Behavior Analysis
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Behavior modification.
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Cognitive Restructuring
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A technique used in cognitive therapies in which new, rational beliefs replace earlier, irrational beliefs held by the client.
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
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A combination of cognitive restructuring with behavioral treatments that has been shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of many psychological disorders.
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Biopsychosocial Approach
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An integrated approach to therapy that combines treatments addressing the biological, personal, and social underpinnings of psychological disorders.
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Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
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A biological treatment in which seizures are induced in an anesthetized patient; it is used primarily in the treatment of mood disorders that have not responded to medication or other treatments.
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Psychosurgery
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The attempt to improve symptoms of psychological disorders through the use of brain surgery.
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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
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A treatment that involves placing a pulsed magnet over a person’s scalp, which alters neuronal activity in the brain.
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Deep Brain Stimulation
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Electrical stimulation applied through surgically implanted electrodes that is used to treat some anxiety and mood disorders.
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Neurofeedback
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A type of biofeedback used to treat ADHD and seizures by teaching the client to keep measures of brain activity within a certain range.
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Tardive Dyskinesia
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A movement syndrome that results from the use of medication used to treat symptoms of schizophrenia.
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Antidepressant Medication
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A medication designed to alleviate symptoms of depression but often prescribed for other types of conditions.