psychology 10

Social psychology is the scientific study of how a person’s behavior, thoughts, and feelings are influenced by _______.
other people around us

Social psychology differs from psychology in its focus on ______.
the influences of the social world in which we exist

Which of the following is NOT a form of social influence?
altruism

The main task of the Solomon Asch studies was ____________________.
judging line sizes

Experiments showing the effects of group pressure on conformity were conducted by ______.
Asch

Which aspect of culture tends to decrease rates of conformity?
high levels of societal dependence

When members of a group give priority to the cohesiveness of the group over the facts of a situation, they are engaging in what social psychologists call ________.
groupthink

Behavior that is initiated or changed in response to a request, as opposed to a command or direct order, is an example of _______.
compliance

What term is used to describe compliance with an initial small request followed by compliance with a larger request?
foot-in-the-door effect

The tendency of people to comply with a second, lesser request after refusing a larger one is called the ______ technique.
door-in-the-face

Your textbook notes that while cults are notoriously difficult to get out of, or escape from, as many as _____ of cult members do eventually get out.
90

The study of obedience took on a renewed importance in the wake of ________.
the atrocities committed by soldiers in Nazi Germany

Which of the following terms is associated with social cognition?
thinking about others

A response, either positive or negative, toward a certain person, idea, object, or situation is called _____________.
attitude

An attitude has ______ major components.
three

What process describes the use of social influence to cause other people to change their attitudes and behavior?
persuasion

Expertise, attractiveness, and trustworthiness all relate to which factor of persuasion?
source

A state of emotional discomfort that occurs when a person’s attitudes do not match the person’s actions is called __________.
cognitive dissonance

Which term refers to a set of characteristics believed to be shared by all members of a particular group?
stereotype

Attributions are ________.
explanations that account for one’s own behaviors and/or the behaviors of others.

When we make situational attributions, we are identifying the cause of an action as something _____.
external

What do social psychologists call the tendency to rely on internal characteristics for explanations of the behavior of others and to ignore the influence of the situation?
fundamental attribution error

The social group viewed as the one with which a person identifies is called a(n) ________.
in-group

What term do social psychologists use for the process of making people in an out-group responsible for the problems of people in the in-group?
scapegoating

The part of a person’s self-concept that is based on his or her identification with a particular social group in society is called _____________.
social identity

When the expectations of one person bring about the expected behavior in another person, the expectation has become a(n) ______.
self-fulfilling prophecy

The classic Robber’s Cave study showed that prejudice can be reduced by ________.
cooperating to meet a mutually beneficial goal

According to your textbook, which of the following is a primary reason why living in poverty is stressful?
a lack of money for the basic necessities of life

The stress resulting from the need to change and adapt to the dominant, or majority, culture is called ________.
acculturation

The method in which the minority person tries to maintain a sense of original cultural identity, while also trying to form a positive relationship with members of the dominant culture, is called ________.
integration