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Psych. Finals

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insight
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Larisa is going to a therapist to gain a better understanding of what makes her do the things she does. This type of therapy is known as __________ therapy.
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Philippe Pinel
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It was __________ who is most credited with the “moral treatment” movement for using kindness and guidance with the mentally ill.
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manifest
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The actual content of a dream is the __________ content, according to Freud.
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negative transference
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The psychoanalyst does not start interpreting what the patient has said until __________ has occurred.
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authenticity
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In __________ , a person-centered therapist must show an honest and open response to the client and not hide behind the professional role of therapist.
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it is directive rather than nondirective.
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Gestalt therapy differs from person-centered therapy because
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one who has a hard time putting things into words in a logical manner
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What kind of person would probably get the least benefit from a humanistic therapy?
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systematic desensitization.
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Lashonna was afraid of dogs. She wanted to get over this fear, so she began by thinking about seeing a dog but staying calm. Then she walked past her neighbor’s dog in its fenced yard until she no longer felt afraid. Next, she visited a pet store and petted a dog while the salesclerk held it. Finally, she bought herself a puppy and was no longer afraid. Lashonna’s method is most like
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flooding.
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When the exposure to a feared object is rapid and intense rather than slow and gradual, it is called
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contingency contracting
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Carra sat down with her daughter, Morgan, and together they wrote out a list of things that Morgan was expected to do each day and the rewards she would get if she accomplished them, as well as the penalties she would face if she did not do them. This is most like which technique?
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rational-emotive behavioral
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Which therapy style can be compared to a drill sergeant-private style of therapeutic relationship?
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helping the client gain insight
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Which of the following is not one of the three goals of cognitive-behavioral therapy?
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arbitrary inference
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Stephan finds a piece of paper with a phone number he does not recognize on his wife’s dresser. He immediately assumes that his wife is seeing someone else and that the phone number belongs to that man. Beck would say that Stephan has engaged in what type of distorted thinking?
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Clients share the therapist’s time.
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Which of the following is a disadvantage of group therapy?
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family therapy.
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When Carson began acting out, her parents took her to a therapist who suggested that her parents may have caused the problem by using the wrong kind of discipline. The kind of therapy that might best help Carson would probably be
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All therapies take the same amount of time to be effective.
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Which of the following is not one of the problems in studying the effectiveness of psychotherapy?
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cultural values
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Cindy is a white, upper-middle-class graduate student in clinical psychology doing her first internship in juvenile court. Her first client is an angry 15-year-old African American boy. Which of the following might be barriers to effective therapy in this situation?
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tardive dyskinesia.
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When a person on an antipsychotic drug develops repetitive, involuntary jerks and movements of the face, lips, legs, and body, this is called
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antidepressant
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The use of antianxiety drugs to treat anxiety disorders is gradually being phased out in favor of treatment with __________ drugs.
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epinephrine
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Which neurotransmitter is not one of the three that seem to be involved in depression and the drugs that treat depression?
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camphor.
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Before the use of electricity, seizures were induced in psychotic patients by means of
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a thin wire electrode is used to destroy a small area of brain tissue.
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In bilateral cingulotomy, the
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psychotherapy.
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One antidepressant drug was found to be safe and most effective in treating adolescent depression when combined with
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Phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder; a and c
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Virtual reality (VR) techniques have been useful in the treatment of which of the following
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All the above; depression, post-traumatic stress disorder,anxiety disorders
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Survivors of natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico may experience higher incidences of
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Serotonin
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The role of __________, a neurotransmitter, may provide clues to both bulimia and anorexia