Psych chapter 13+14

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d. Paranoia
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Distrust of others is symptomatic of a.Mania b. Dementia c. Catatonia d. Paranoia e. Hebephrenia
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e. Systematic Desensitization
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Which of the following behavior-therapy techniques is typically used to reduce fear of heights a. Time-out b. Punishment c. Discrimination learning d. Token economy e. Systematic Desensitization
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c. Aversive Conditioning
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If a man who is a heavy smoker is given an electric shock every time he takes a puff on a cigarette, which of the following behavior-modification techniques is being used? a. Systematic Desensitization b. Modeling c. Aversive Conditioning d. Homogeneous Reinforcement e. Interlocking Reinforcement
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b. Disordered thinking
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Which of the following is most characteristic of individuals with chronic schizophrenia? a. Extreme mood swings b. Disordered thinking c. Profound sadness d. Unaccountable loss of body function e. Loss of memory
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d. Maladaptive interpretations of life events
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The cognitive theory of depression states that depression results from a.Anger directed toward the self and significant others b. An excess of certain neurotransmitters in the brain c. Failure in adult love relationships d. Maladaptive interpretations of life events e. Oral fixations from disturbed mother-infant relationships
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a. Deinstitutionalization
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The release of those with mental disorders from mental hospitals for the purpose of treating them in their home communities is called a. Deinstitutionalization b. Milieu therapy c. Primary prevention d. Secondary prevention e. Noncrisis intervention
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b. An unwarranted sense of self-importance
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Which of the following is a characteristic common to all individuals with a narcissistic personality disorder? a. A domineering attitude toward others b. An unwarranted sense of self-importance c. Restricted ability to express warmth and affection d. Inability to form social relationships e. Oversensitivity to rejection or possible humiliation
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b. obsessions
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Persistent repetitive thoughts that cannot be controlled are known as a. compulsions b. obsessions c. phobias d. delusions e. sublimations
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c. They may function reasonably well in society
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Which of the following best characterizes individuals diagnosed as having personality disorders a. They typically afraid to leave their homes b. They are consistently psychotic in their cognition and affect c. They may function reasonably well in society d. Their symptoms are characterized by sudden onset and short duration e. They developed their problems as a result of drug abuse
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c. Severely impaired interpersonal communication
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Which of the following is typical cited as a characteristic of autistic children a. Minor developmental delays in academic achievement b. Above-average performance on tests of creativity c. Severely impaired interpersonal communication d. Tendency to seek younger playmates e. Paranoia comparable with that experienced in schizophrenia
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b. Correct self-defeating thoughts about their lives
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The goal of rational-emotive therapy is to help clients a. Focus on the significance of childhood events for current feelings of self-worth b. Correct self-defeating thoughts about their lives c. Avoid putting themselves in risky situations d. practice relaxation techniques and autohyponosis to reduce anxiety e. Use introspection to alleviate their feelings of self-doubt
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a. Dissociative disorder
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Multiple personality is a type of a. Dissociative disorder b. Schizophrenia c. Dementia praecox d. Bipolar disorder e. Manic-depressive psychosis
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e. Is physicals in nature and caused by psychological factors
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A somatoform disorder is best described as an illness that a. Results from inadequate parenting in childhood b. Occurs when defense mechanisms are used inappropriately c. Is psychological in nature with no physical symptoms d. Is physical in nature with no psychological symptoms e. Is physicals in nature and caused by psychological factors
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e. Clinical depression
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Electroconvulsive therapy has been most successful in the treatment of a. Phobias b. Schizophrenia c. Psychogenic amnesia d. Multiple personality e. Clinical depression
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d. Drug therapy that blocks neurotransmitters sites
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Which of the following has been most effective in the treatment of schizophrenia a. Administration of L-dopa b. Prefrontal lobotomy c. Psychoanalytic therapy d. Drug therapy that blocks neurotransmitters sites e. Drug therapy that increases the activity of limbic system
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e. Lithium carbonate
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Bipolar disorders are most effectively treated with a combination of tricyclic antidepressants and a. Acetaminophen b. Antianxiety drugs c. Beta-blockers d. Amphetamines e. Lithium carbonate
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a. Accept the client unconditionally so that the client’s own desire for mental health and positive growth will flourish
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According to Carl Rogers, the role of the therapist in person-centered psychotherapy is to a. Accept the client unconditionally so that the client’s own desire for mental health and positive growth will flourish b. Express warmth and empathy and suppress negative feelings that arise in the relationship with the client c. Use a didactic approach to teach the client to correct maladaptive behavior d. Establish behavior-change programs to alter the problematic behavior that is often learned in early childhood e. Define ideal characteristics of mental health for the client and to encourage the client to incorporate these elements in his or her personality
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d. Depression
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For several weeks- ever since she did not receive a raise that was given to serval collegues- Enid has lacked energy, has been unable to go to work, and has expected bad things to happen every day. Of the following, she is most likely experiencing a. Ptsd b. Mania c. Hypochondria d. Depression e. Fugue
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c. Anxiety
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Phobic and panic disturbances are examples of which of the followings kinds of disorder? a. Personality b. Schizophrenic c. Anxiety d. Somatoform e. Dissociative
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c. Hallucinations
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Psychotic disorders frequently involve perceptions of nonexistent sensory stimulation, such as voices. Symptons such as these are called a. Delusions b. Paraphillias c. Hallucinations d. Paranormal images e. Psycic phenomena
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d. 2 and 3 only
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The precipitous decline of the inpatient population of state and country mental hospitals since the 1950’s can be attributed to which of the following a. 1 only b. 2 only c. 3 only d. 2 and 3 only e. 1,2,and 3
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c. Dopamine
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One suspected cause of schizophrenia is the abnormal increase of which of the following neurotransmitters in the brains? a. Acetylcholine b. Somatotropin c. Dopamine d. Norepinephrine e. Serotonin
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a. Antisocial
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Which of the following personality disorders is characterized by behavior that includes dishonesty, repeated trouble with authority figures, and an absence of remorse for these types of conduct? a. Antisocial b.Histrionic c. Passive-aggressive d. Narcissistic e.Borderline
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c. Promoting transference
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In rational-emotive therapy, the therapist helps clients by a. Using unconditional positive regard b. Establishing anxiety hierarchies to be used in systematic desensitization c. Promoting transference d. Confronting clients with their faulty logic e. Providing an environment in which new behaviors and emotions can be rehearsed
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d.Pscyhoanalysis
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The phenomenon of transference is recognized component of which of the following therapeutic treatments? a. Flooding b. Systematic desenitization c. Milieu therapy d.Pscyhoanalysis e. Family therapy
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d. Due to inapproppriate child-rearing practices
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Contemporary definitions of abnormal behavior typical characterize such behavior as all of the following except a. Atypical b. Maladptive c. Inappropiate d. Due to inapproppriate child-rearing practices e. Distrubing to the individual exhibiting the behavior
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c. Responses that have been reinforced in the past
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Behavior therapists emphasize which of the following in their treatment of clients a. Freedom of choice about their future b. The uncovering of unconscious defense mechanisms c. Responses that have been reinforced in the past d. Early childhood conflicts e. Repressed aggressive impulses
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b. Formation and modification of schemas
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Cognitive theorists emphasize the a. Powerful unconscious impulses that motivate behavior b. Formation and modification of schemas c. Impact of rewards and punishments d. Individuals desire to become self-actualized e. Social norms that determine expected behavior
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e. Conversion disorder
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A man who experiences sudden blindness on witnessing the death of his wife is probably suffering from a a. Type of paraphilia b.Psychosis c. Multiple personality disorder d. Panic disorder e. Conversion disorder
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a. Bipolar disorder
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Rhoda sometimes experiences periods of major depression. At other times, she is extremely talkative and active, appears to be in a euphoric mood, goes days without sleeping, and reports that her thoughts are racing. The most likely diagnosis of Rhoda’s condition is a. Bipolar disorder b. Dissociative identity disorder c. Delusional disorder d. Major depressive disorder e. Schizophrenia
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e. Obessive-compulsion disorder
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Dan always returns after leaving home to see if he locked the door. He always locks the door but he thinks about whether or not he locked the door until he has checked. Dans behavior is an example of a. A specific phobia b. Avoidant personality disorder c. Hypochondriasis d. Conversion disorder e. Obessive-compulsion disorder
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a. Behavioral
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Aversion therapy to eliminate undersirable behaviors is most likely to be used by which of the following types of therapists a. Behavioral b. Psychoanalytic c. Cognitive d. Reality e. Humanistic
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c. Having the child list a hierarchy of white fuzzy objects
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A therapist who uses systematic desensitization to help a child overcome a white rabbit phobia will probably begin treatment by a. Exploring the childs early ego formation b. Having the child imagine being in a room full of rabbits c. Having the child list a hierarchy of white fuzzy objects d. Analyzing the childs recent dreams for evidence of rabbit themes e. Exposing the child to serval tame, docile rabbits
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a. Cognitive restructuring
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A therapist who helps a client replace irrational thoughts with alternative patterns of thinking is using which of the following techniques a. Cognitive restructuring b. Cognitive dissonance c. Systematic desenitization d. Extinction e. Aversive conditioning
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a. Carl Rogers
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In the treatment of patients, which of the following psychologists made no attempt to offer formal diagnosis, advice, or interpretation of patents unconscious motives a. Carl Rogers b. Aaron Beck c. Albert Ellis d. Sigmund Frued e. Carl Jung
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e. Person-Centered therapy
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Client “I’ve been feeling totally worthless, like never do anything right” Therapist “I guess you feel that way a lot, dont you? That you’re no good. It’s hard to have feelings like that” Which of the following types of therapy would be likely to involve the exchange above? a. Rational-emotive behavior therapy b. Gestalt therapy c. Psychoanalysis d. Systematic desnsitization e. Person-Centered therapy
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a. Depression
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Although it can produce undersiable side effects, electroconvulsive therapy has been shown to be most effective in the treatment of a. Depression b. Schizophrenia c. Panic disorder d. Psychogenic amnesia e. Multiple personality
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d. They typically experience onset in late adolescence or early adulthood
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Which of the following is true of persons with schizophrenia a. They have multiple personalities b. They are typically cured if they take appropriate medication c. They are often unable to understand simple statements d. They typically experience onset in late adolescence or early adulthood e. They typically have a history of being maltreated as children
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e. Anxiety results when an individual experiences a gap between his ideal self and his real self
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Which of the following best represents a humanistic explanation for an anxiety disorder a. Lower than normal levels of inhibitory neurotransmitters like GABA result in higher levels of anxiety b. Irrational and maladptive thought processes lead to increased levels of anxiety c. Anxiety is either classically or operantly conditioned d. Anxiety results from internal unconscious conflict e. Anxiety results when an individual experiences a gap between his ideal self and his real self
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b. Anxiety disorder
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Which of the following categories would most likely represent the disnosis associated with this set of behaviors? a.Mood disorder b. Anxiety disorder c. Dissociative disorder d. Schizophrenic disorder e. Somatoform disorder
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b. Systematic desensitization
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Which type of treatment technique is describes above a. Aversion therapy b. Systematic desensitization c. Extinction d. Flooding e. Punishment
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b. Behavioral
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Which type of therapy is most closely associated with the technique used in this method a. Psychoanalytic b. Behavioral c. Biomedical d. Cognitive e. Client centered
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b. Rational emotive behavior
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A therapist who emphasizes helping clients to identify and change irrational beliefs that underlie feelings of anxiety is using which therapeutic technique a. Client centered b. Rational emotive behavior c. Aversion d. Psychoanalytic e. Social learning theory

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