PSYCH CHAP 1&2

question

Evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of
answer

natural selection
question

The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
answer

seeing, hearing
question

An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
answer

depression
question

The capacity of a brain area to reorganize in response to damage is known as brain
answer

plasticity
question

Environmental factors such as diet, drugs, or stress can alter gene expression by affecting
answer

epigenetic molecules
question

The hypothalamus influences the ________ to send messages to the ______
answer

pituitary, endocrine glands
question

The two major divisions of the nervous system are the central and the ________ nervous systems.
answer

peripheral
question

An axon is
answer

the extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body
question

According to evolutionary psychologists, our predisposition to overconsume fatty junk foods illustrates that we are biologically prepared to behave in ways that promoted the ________ of our ancestors.
answer

reproductive success
question

the cells that serve as the basic building blocks of the body’s information system are called
answer

neurons
question

The personalities of adopted children
answer

are not similar to the personalities of their adoptive parents
question

One function of glial cells is to
answer

provide nutrients to neurons
question

The amygdala consists of emotion-linked neural clusters in the
answer

limbic system
question

Compared with identical twins, fraternal twins are ________ similar in neuroticism and ________ similar in extraversion.
answer

less, less
question

A synapse is a[n]
answer

junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron
question

Which research method would be most appropriate for investigating the relationship between the religious beliefs of Americans and their attitudes toward abortion?
answer

survey
question

An inert substance that may be administered instead of a drug to see if it produces any of the same effects as the drug is called a
answer

placebo
question

Edward Titchener is to structuralism as William James is to ________.
answer

functionalism
question

Professor Delano suggests that because people are especially attracted to those who are good-looking, handsome men will be more successful than average-looking men in getting a job. The professor’s prediction regarding employment success is an example of
answer

hypothesis
question

Janna has low self-esteem because she is often teased for being overweight. Appreciating the complexity of Janna’s difficulties requires
answer

biopsychosocial approach
question

In a psychological experiment, the factor that may be influenced by the manipulated experimental treatment is called the ________ variable.
answer

dependent (being affected)
question

The birth of psychology is often attributed to Wilhelm Wundt because he pioneered the investigation of mental processes using
answer

scientific method
question

In a psychological experiment, the experimental factor that is manipulated by the investigator is called the ________ variable.
answer

independent ( i change)
question

To determine whether the strength of people’s self-esteem is related to their income levels, researchers would most likely make use of
answer

correlational research
question

Humanistic psychologists focused attention on the importance of people’s
answer

potential for healthy growth
question

The biggest danger of relying on case-study evidence is that it
answer

may be unrepresentative of what is generally true
question

To assess reactions to a proposed tuition hike at her school, Ariana sent a questionnaire to every fifteenth person in the registrar’s alphabetical listing of all currently enrolled students. Ariana is ensuring that her survey results are accurate by using
answer

random sampling
question

Three key attitudes of scientific inquiry are
answer

curiosity, skepticism and humility
question

Which of the following methods is most helpful for clarifying cause-effect relationships?
answer

experiment
question

Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of
answer

behavior and mental processes
question

What gland stimulates the flight or fight response
answer

the adrenal
question

Under supply of serotonin causes
answer

depression
question

motor neurons carry message
answer

OUT
question

sensory neurons carry message
answer

IN
question

occipital lobes
answer

EYES
question

temporal lobes
answer

HEARING
question

two major divisions of the nervous system
answer

central & peripheral
question

what is the function of a glial cell
answer

to provide nutrients and protection
question

cells that serve as the building blocks of the body’s info system
answer

neurons
question

action potential
answer

WAVE
question

what are dendrites
answer

branches from neurons
question

epigenetics
answer

study of how the environment acts on the surface of genes to alter their activity EX. obesity in adults can turn off weight regulation genes in offspring
question

evolutionary psychology
answer

study of how evolutionary principles help explain the origin and function of the human mind, traits and behaviors
question

identical twins
answer

same in personality traits, behaviors and abilities
question

selective mating / evolutionary pyschology
answer

aggresive dog = mate 2 aggreesive dogs
question

central nervous system
answer

brain & spinal cord
question

Amygdala
answer

enabling two different responses to threat – aggresive or fear (ALMOND)
question

hippocampus
answer

(SEAHORSE) episodic memories
question

limbic system
answer

emotions like fear and agression, hunger and sex, episodic memories
question

sympathetic
answer

AROUSES flight or fight
question

parasympathetic
answer

CALMS rest and digest
question

dopamine
answer

oversupply = schiz undersupply = parkinsons and ADHD
question

Acetylcholine (ACh)
answer

alzheimers
question

neurotransmiters
answer

chemicals used to send a signal across the synaptic gap.
question

synapse
answer

a junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron.
question

william wundt
answer

carefully measured observations and experiments
question

edward titchener
answer

used data introspection (sensations) to build a view of the mind’s structure (structuralism)
question

william james
answer

functionalism, how have previous people succeeded?
question

behaviorists
answer

((observable behavior)) watson and skinner
question

sigmund freud
answer

pyschoanalysis – helped with mental disorder s
question

humanists
answer

(studied people who were doing well) maslow and rogers
question

Case Study
answer

observing and gathering information to compile an in-depth study of one individual
question

Naturalistic Observation
answer

gathering data about behavior; watching but not intervening
question

Surveys and Interviews
answer

having other people report on their own attitudes and behavior

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member