Psych Ch 11: Essay Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychological Development

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Trust vs. Mistrust
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Stage one, virtue of hope. During this stage infant builds sense of trust or mistrust based on psychological safety. (0-1)
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Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
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Stage two, virtue of will. During this stage toddler wants to explore and prevention of this can result in shame or doubt. (1-2)
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Initiative vs. Guilt
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Stage three, virtue of purpose. During this stage encouragement or discouragement of child’s physical and intellectual curiosity can take a toll. (3-5)
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Industry vs. Inferiority
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Stage four, virtue of competence. Child has increased sense of abilities which can either be negated or reinforced by others (6-11)
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Identity vs. Role confusion
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Stage five, virtue of fidelity, has to do with positive role models and experiences or negative role models and limited experiences. (adolescence)
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Intimacy vs. Isolation
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Stage six, virtue of love. Good sense and understanding leads to ability to form intimate relationships otherwise feel isolated (early adulthood)
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Generativity vs. Stagnation
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Stage seven, virtue of caring. Concern concern for others and future generations would be healthy (middle adulthood)
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Ego Integrity vs. Despair
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Stage eight, virtue of wisdom. Looking back on life with either fulfillment or despair. (later life)
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Erikson Personality Theory
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personality is formed through a series of psychosocial crises

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