Psych 113 ch. 10 practice questions

question

The Study Abroad Alien Marvin, who lives in San Francisco, has been asked to host a teenage alien, Regor, as part of an intergalactic exchange program. Marvin is sure that Regor would love to experience the adventure of sailing, but decides he should introduce the concept of a “sailboat” first. Marvin tries to describe the common features of a sailboat. He explains that they are pointed at the front and square at the back, have a tall mast to hold up the sail, and have one or two triangular sails. Which of the following demonstrates a problem with this approach?
answer

Some sailboats have more than one mast and more than two sails.
question

Marvin tries to describe a sailboat as an average of all sailboats in terms of length, width, height of mast, materials, color, etc. This is called a(n) ____.
answer

prototype
question

Marvin shares as many details as he can remember about the small sailboat he had as a child. This is called a(n) ____.
answer

exemplar
question

Katie loved baking brownies with her grandmother during her holiday visits. In fact, she still makes these brownies using the exact same steps as her grandmother. What is this called?
answer

an algorithm
question

Dolores, a college freshman, has moved to a big city for the first time in her life. She is excited by the opportunity to explore the city, but is also anxious about what she read recently about street crime in one of the city’s neighborhoods. In reality, she is more at risk of harm from reckless drivers. What heuristic is she applying is this situation?
answer

availability heuristic
question

Max, an attorney, is attending a hearing at the federal courthouse. He opens the courthouse door for a young woman with a tattoo on her forearm. When Max enters the room of the hearing, he is stunned to see that the assigned judge is the same woman. Max had applied the ____.
answer

representativeness heuristic
question

The Joyful Jogger At the start of the spring semester, Marie decides that she will focus more on her physical health. Her solution is to start jogging with a goal of running in the annual Memorial Day 10K. Marie completed the race but needed to walk for the last mile. What would be the next step for her as an effective problem solving strategy?
answer

Evaluate whether the original problem has been solved.
question

Betty has been a saver all of her life, but recently, she became a gambler. She is considering betting all of her savings in a lottery in hopes of making enough money for an around-the-world cruise. Betty may have suffered damage to her ____.
answer

amygalda
question

Which of the following is a phoneme?
answer

the “sh” in ship
question

Which of the following can be either a phoneme or a morpheme?
answer

“a”
question

Of the following, who has a speech pattern comparable to that of a person with Wernicke’s aphasia?
answer

Dan, who speaks rapidly, fluently, and with good grammar, but rarely makes sense
question

In which of the following ways does a typical child first learn language?
answer

Evan seems to learn words and form small sentences effortlessly with no specific instruction.
question

Selena’s parents arrange for her to take part in an intelligence test for preschool admissions. Her individual intelligence is measured to be 125 relative to a statistically normal curve with an average of 100. This is her ____.
answer

intelligence quotient
question

Eddie has been a homicide detective in a small city for several years and he is good at his job. He is often called on by other detectives to help with difficult cases. Which of the following reflects his fluid intelligence?
answer

Eddie finds that when he reads through a file, a detail will leap out at him as peculiar to the flow of events, which then helps to focus the direction of the investigation.
question

Which of the following is true regarding theories of general intelligence and multiple intelligences?
answer

Purely cognitive abilities, such as verbal, mathematical, spatial, and logical skills, show strong positive correlations with one another.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member