psych 101 – exam 1

question

animal and human behaviors originate from all of the following except for…. -social modeling and observation -inheritance of genetically determined reflexes or fixed action patterns -operant, instrumental or skinnerian conditioning -classical or pavlovian conditioning
answer

inheritance of genetically determined reflexes or fixed action patterns
question

negative correlation between degree of wealth and likelihood of suffering from a psychological disorder would indicate that…
answer

people who are poor are more likely to have a psychological disorder than wealthy people
question

a picture of a dog is briefly flashed in the left visual field of a split-brain patient. At the same time a picture of a boy is flashed in the right visual field. In identifying what she saw, the patient would be most likely to…
answer

verbally report that she saw a boy
question

A slap on the back is more painful than a pat on the back because a slap triggers…
answer

more neurons to fire and to fire more often
question

adolescence extends from…
answer

the beginnings of sexual maturity to independent adulthood
question

After noting that a majority of professional basketball players are African-American, Ervin concluded that African-Americans are better athletes than members of other racial groups. Ervin’s conclusion best illustrates the danger of…
answer

generalizing from vivid cases
question

An African butterfly that is green in the summer turns brown in the fall thanks to a temperature-controlled genetic switch. This best illustrates that genes are…
answer

self-regulating
question

An extensive survey revealed that children with relatively high self-esteem tend to picture God as kind and loving, whereas those with lower self-esteem tend to perceive God as angry. The researchers concluded that the children’s self-esteem had apparently influenced their views of God. This conclusion best illustrates the danger of…
answer

assuming that association proves causation
question

As people progress into late adulthood, they increasingly use words that convey — emotions, and the amygdala shows diminishing activity in response to — events.
answer

positive; negative
question

At about 8 months of age, people across the world start to — strangers; as adults, they prefer the company of those whose attributes are — to their own.
answer

fear; similar
question

At age 12, Sean is happy, self-reliant, and has a positive self-image. It is most likely that Sean’s parents are…
answer

authoritative
question

At the age of 22, Mrs. LaBlanc was less than 4 feet tall. her short stature was probably influenced by the lack of growth hormone produced by the…
answer

pituitary gland
question

Chloe can clearly see when her sister’s teasing is intended to be friendly dun or a hostile put-down. This best illustrates that Chloe has developed a(n)…
answer

theory of mind
question

Contemporary psychology is best defined as the science of…
answer

behavior and mental processes
question

Cross-cultural research on human development indicates that…
answer

person-to-person difference within cultural groups are larger than differences between groups
question

Degeneration of the myelin sheath results in…
answer

multiple sclerosis
question

Depending on environmental conditions, specific genes can be either…
answer

active or inactive
question

Dr. Lipka focuses on ways to improve employee job satisfaction and productivity. Dr. Lipka is most likely a(n) — psychologist
answer

industrial-organizational
question

Dr. Mills conducts research on why individuals conform to the behaviors and opinions of others. which specialty area does his research best represent?
answer

social psychology
question

During a laboratory game, those given a nasal squirt of — rather than a placebo were more likely to trust strangers with their money
answer

oxytocin
question

During open brain surgery, Adam’s left ankle twitched whenever the surgeon electrically stimulated a specific area within Adam’s…
answer

right frontal lobe
question

Erikson suggested that the adolescent search for identity is followed by a developing capacity for…
answer

intimacy
question

Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that… -more people are biologically predisposed to fear guns than to fear snakes. -children are more likely to be safely cared for by their biological fathers than by their stepfathers. -people are the most romantically attracted to those who are the most genetically dissimilar to themselves. -genetic predispositions have little effect on our social relationships.
answer

children are more likely to be safely cared for bu their biological rather than by their stepfathers
question

Females who have experienced stress related to father absence, sexual abuse, or insecure attachment experience — a few months earlier than average
answer

menarche
question

For children from impoverished environments, stimulating educational experience during early childhood are more likely to…
answer

prevent the degeneration of activated connections between neurons
question

Governor Donovan was greeted by large, enthusiastic crowds at all of his political rallies. As a result, he became overconfident about his chances of re-election. In this instance, the governor needs to be alerted to the value of…
answer

random sampling
question

Horace, the youngest child of a high school athletic director, was able to roll over at 3 months, crawl at 6 months, and walk at 12 months. This ordered sequence of motor development was largely due to…
answer

maturation
question

If participants in the experimental group of a drug treatment study are much younger than participants in the control group, the age of the research participants is a(n)…
answer

confounding variable
question

In a British study following more than 7000 people from birth to adulthood, those individuals whose fathers were most involved in parenting tended to demonstrate greater…
answer

academic achievement
question

In a tragic accident, Andrew damaged his spinal cord. As a result, his legs were paralyzed. Andrew’s injury was located in his…
answer

central nervous system
question

In considering gender differences, you should remember that…
answer

gender similarities are much greater than gender differences
question

In late adulthood, Mr. Klondike has become increasingly likely to make a socially impolite remarks about other people’s appearance or mannerisms. His blunt comments are most likely to indicate late life atrophy of the — lobes.
answer

frontal
question

Jason and Alex are biologically unrelated adolescents who were adopted as infants and raised together in the same home. For which of the following are Jason and Alex least likely to resemble each other any more than they resemble a genetically unrelated adolescent from another home in their neighborhood?
answer

extraversion
question

Joséhas just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of…
answer

endorphins
question

Many people would find it more morally repulsive to kill someone by thrusting a knife into his or her body than by shooting him or her with a gun from a distance. This is best explained in terms of…
answer

Haidt’s intuitionist perspective
question

Megan was certain that she would never live far away from her family. However, when offered a better job in another state, she decided to move. Megan’s experience best illustrates…
answer

overconfidence
question

Men and women are most likely to differ in their…
answer

physical aggressiveness
question

Migraines are most closely linked with an…
answer

oversupply of glutamate
question

Mr. Eskenazi frowns when his son cries but hugs his daughter when she cries. Which of the following most clearly highlights Mr. Eskenazi’s gender typing of his children?
answer

social learning theory
question

Mr. Hersch triggered a rooting reflex in his infant son by touching him on the…
answer

cheek
question

On which of the following tasks is a 20-year-old most likely to outperform a 70-year-old? -recognizing previously presented names of fruits and vegetables -recalling previously presented names of cities -recognizing previously presented foreign language words -recalling previously presented nonsense syllables
answer

recalling previously presented nonsense syllables
question

One of the most consistently damaging teratogens is…
answer

alcohol
question

People have always responded so positively to Alyssa’s good looks that she has developed a socially confident and outgoing personality. This best illustrates the interaction of…
answer

nature and nurture
question

People typically experience an increasing sense of confidence and self-esteem…
answer

from the teens to midlife
question

persistent exclusion fro peer social relationships is most likely to increase teen’s risk for…
answer

depression
question

Physical exercise and exposure to stimulating environments are most likely to promote…
answer

neurogenesis
question

Premature infants who are regularly touched and massaged are more likely than their unstimulated counterparts to show signs of…
answer

rapid weight gain
question

Primary sex characteristics are to — as secondary sex characteristics are to…
answer

female ovaries; deepened male voice
question

Professor Ambra was skeptical about the accuracy of recently reported research on sleep deprivation. Which process would best enable her to assess the reliability of these findings?
answer

replication
question

Providing children with a safe haven in times of stress contributes most directly to…
answer

secure attachment
question

Psychologists study animals because…
answer

similar processes often underlie animal and human behavior
question

Putting babies to sleep on their backs to reduce the risk of crib death has been associated with a slight delay in children’s…
answer

crawling
question

Researchers studied the effects of exercise on the physical health of over 5000 residents in one locale throughout their middle and late adulthood. The research best illustrates a — study.
answer

longitudinal
question

Rodesia insists that Dr. Phillip’s theory of aggression be checked against observable evidence. She is demonstrating the scientific attitude of…
answer

skepticism
question

Several organisms from a strain of bacteria infecting patients in a hospital setting inherited a mutation that increased their resistance to the hospitals’ antibacterial drugs. Over time, the drug-resistant bacteria increasingly outnumbered the bacteria without the mutation. This best illustrates…
answer

natural selection
question

Six-year-old Ashley effectively restrained herself from touching a burning candle by inaudibly whispering the word \”hot.\” The advantage of her verbal self-control tactic was most clearly highlighted by…
answer

Lev Vygotsky
question

Surveys indicate that people are less likely to support \”welfare\” than \”aid to the needy.\” These somewhat paradoxical survey results best illustrate the importance of…
answer

wording effects
question

The belief that boys are more independent than girls is a…
answer

gender schema
question

The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in…
answer

children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed
question

The fact that many happy and well-adjusted adults were once rebellious and unhappy as adolescents is most relevant to the issue of…
answer

stability and change
question

The first time that 10-year-old Sarah saw her older brother play a flute, she thought it was simply a large whistle. Sarah’s initial understanding of the flute best illustrates the process of…
answer

assimilation
question

The scientific attitude of humility is most likely to be undermined by…
answer

hindsight bias
question

The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarly oldest to newest is…
answer

brainstem, limbic system, cerebral cortex
question

The sex chromosome found in both men and women is called the — chromosome.
answer

X
question

The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane’s occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of…
answer

visiual perception
question

To assess the influence of self-esteem on interpersonal attraction, researchers either insulted or complimented students about their physical appearance just before they went on a blind date. In this research, the dependent variable was…
answer

interpersonal attraction
question

To compare the pace of life in different countries, investigators measured the speed with which postal clerks completed a simple request. Which research method did this illustrate?
answer

naturalistic observation
question

To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat’s…
answer

amygdala
question

Twin studies suggest that Alzheimer’s disease is influenced by…
answer

heredity
question

When teased by his older sister, 9-year-old Vijay does not cry because he has learned that boys are not expected to. Vijay’s behavior best illustrates the importance of…
answer

gender roles
question

When you question whether anecdotal evidence can be generalized to all people, you are applying…
answer

critical thinking
question

Which of the following body parts is associated with the greatest amount of brain tissue in the sensory cortex? -knees -neck -lips -toes
answer

lips
question

Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?
answer

reticular formation
question

With repeated presentations of a bright red toy, 2-month-old Anita began to respond with less visual attention to the toy. Her decreasing responsiveness best illustrates…
answer

habituation
question

Women are more likely than men to…
answer

tend and befriend as a way to cope with stress

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member