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Psyc 2314 Chapter 2 Quiz

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Which of the following is a key criticism of eriksons theory of personality development ?
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His theory is rather vague and difficult to test
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Freud believed that human infants were born with
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Only an id
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Opedipus is to Electra as
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Boy is to girl
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Rather than a sense of inferiority, eight year old zeke has developed a sense of mastery in all his academic endeavors. Erikson would say that zeke has a strong sense of
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Industry
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Erikson emphasized the importance of a caregivers _____ in predicting the impact of early life experience on later development
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General responsiveness
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In watsons and raynors classical conditioning study with Albert, a steel bar banged with a hammer served as the
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Unconditioned stimulus
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School refusal behavior
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Can lead to academic difficulty and dropping out of school
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Reciprocal determinism refers to a continuous back and forth interaction between
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A person, his or her behavior, and the environment
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How did Bandura demonstrate the existence of \”observational learning\” in the famous \”bobo\” doll study ?
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He showed that children would model an adult they saw in a film
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_____ is best associated with operant conditioning theory
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Skinner
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According to Frued, the ____ stage is the first psychosexual stage of development
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Oral
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Which perspective argues that the human development takes many paths and is minimally influenced by physiological factors?
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Nurture perspective only
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The university-context-specificity issue is concerned with whether
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We all follow the same or different development paths
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How could an elementary teacher effectively use negative punishment in the classroom ?
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Take away recess time (something that kids want) to decrease misbehavior
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Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that children are
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Innately good
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A reasonable criticism of Freudian psychoanalytic theory is that it puts too little emphasis on the
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collection of hard data to support his findings
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Reinforcement
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Strengthens the likelihood that a behavioral response will occur in the future
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According to Freud, in a mentally healthy individual, the
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ego restrains the id.
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For Piaget, conservation is the ability to recognize that
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certain properties of an object do not change, even when its appearance is altered in a superficial way.
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What is vicarious reinforcement?
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When a person’s behavior changes based on consequences that happen to an observed model