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psy test # 3- chapter 13 Essay

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a person who becomes sexually aroused in the presence of stimuli most people in that person’s society would not think appropriate is experiencing
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paraphillia
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if someone felt assigned to the wrong sex and identified with the other gender, the person would most likely receive a diagnosis of
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gender identity disorder
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Research shows that sexual dysfunction among homosexual couples
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same as heterosexual couples
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A man who has never been able to achieve or maintain an erection for sexual intercourse would most likely be diagnosed with what type of erectile disorder
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lifelong
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If an individual had experienced normal sexual functioning for years and gradually developed a problem with becoming aroused under any conditions, the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis would be
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acquired and generalized
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If an individual had experienced normal sexual functioning with her husband and had a problem with becoming aroused only with her husband as a partner, the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis would be
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acquired and situational
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If a woman had never experienced normal sexual functioning with her husband and had a problem with becoming aroused with him but found she could be aroused with other men DSM-IV-TR diagnosis would be
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lifelong and situational
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A person who once experienced normal to above normal levels of sexual desire recently has begun to feel much less than normal sexual desire. A sexual dysfunction following this pattern would be called what type
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acquired
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Sexual aversion is considered a disorder of which phase of the human sexual response cycle
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desire
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An otherwise healthy individual reports almost no interest in sexual activity and has had very few sexual experiences in the past several years that person is likely experiencing
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hypoactive sexual desire
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To be classified as having hypoactive sexual desire one would desire sex less than once
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every 2 weeks
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Which hormone can cause decreased sexual desire when present in low but not high levels
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testosterone
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Which hormone can cause decreased sexual desire when present in either low or high levels
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estrogen
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Obsessive Compulsive symptoms may contribute to hypoactive sexual desire because someone with this disorder
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finds contact with unpleasant body odors
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If grandma is 90 and healthy what is the percent chance she still masturbates at least occasionally
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over 20%
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If grandpa is 90 and healthy what is the percent chance he still masturbates at least occasionally
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over 40%
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studies of patterns of teenage sexual behavior today compared to such a behavior a generation ago show today’s teens having
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intercourse at a younger age than previous generations and they are using condoms more
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in females, the labia swells during which phase of the sexual response cycle
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excitement phase
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in males, the penis becomes erect during which phase of the sexual response cycle
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excitement phase
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the event which is very likely to result in sexual aversion or hypoactive sexual desire is
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sexual molestation
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women with sexual arousal disorder have difficulty with
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maintaining proper lubrication or genital swelling during sexual activity
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studies have shown that the percent of female sexual arousal disorder is about
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10%
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a recent study of erectile disorder showed that most cases of erectile disorder are caused by
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combination of psychosocial and physical causes
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a person who (unfortunately) had the following disorder– clogged arteries, diabetes, kidney failure– would be at special risk for
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male erectile disorder
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what is the most common biological cause of erectile failure in men
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vascular problems
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according to masters and johnson, performance anxiety may result in a man
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adopting spectator roles during sexual activity
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which is the most common male sexual dysfunction in the orgasm phase
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premature ejaculation
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from what does premature ejaculation usually result
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sexually inexperienced men
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a male diagnosed with a sexual dysfunction is most likely to be diagnosed with
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premature ejaculation
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which sexual dysfunction in males is most likely to be caused by spinal cord injuries
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male orgasmic disorder
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a woman who can masturbate or be masturbated to orgasm can not reach orgasm during sexual intercourse. most clinicians would diagnose this woman’s condition as
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research shows that parents who want to decrease the likelihood that their young daughters will experience orgasmic disorder as adults should
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be affectionate with each other
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women are more likely to be orgasmic when they have
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relatively long relationships with their first sexual partner
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what is thought to be the cause of vaginismus (the involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles)
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learned fear response, set off by expectation
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symptoms of vaginismus always include
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involuntary contraction of vagina muscles
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what is another name for genital pain during sexual activity
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dyspareunia
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the most common cause of dyspareunia is
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damage incurred during child birth
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in psychoanalysis theory, the therapeutic goal in treating sexual dysfunction is
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causing broad personality change
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blank
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blank
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the study of sexuality that led to a revolution in the field of understanding sexual dysfunction and treatment was done by
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human sexual inadequacy
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if someone receives “modern” sex therapy, chances are that the course of therapy will last
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15-20 sessions
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the idea that both partners share the accountability for sexual dysfunction is known as
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mutual responsibility
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“sensate focus” refers to the technique in which
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partners focus on the sexual pleasure than can be achieved by exploring and caressing w/ no intercourse or orgasm
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couples in sex therapy who are working on eliminating the spectator role are generally advised
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Refrain from any sexual contact; focus on other body pleasure instead; Begin at the begin with simple kissing and slowly become more sexual
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a client suffering from sexual aversion learns to think thoughts like, “It is OK to enjoy intercourse: sharing love with my spouse is a good thing, not a sin” whenever negative thoughts about sexual activity occur. most likely, the therapist treating this client is using
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self instruction therapy
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if you were instructed to imagine sexual scenes in order to identify when in the sexual encounter your anxiety about sex first arose, you would be engaging in a therapeutic technique called
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attitude change
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in therapy, a patient is taught to visualize sexual scenes and uncover any negative emotions that occur. this patient is being treated using
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affectual awareness
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in treating premature ejaculation the “pause” technique involves
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penis is manually stimulated until man is highly aroused; then she stops for a while, then go
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how does viagra work
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more blood to the penis which causes an erection
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a penile prosthesis may be used in the treatment of
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erectile disorder
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a man’s sexual partner repeatedly stimulates him to erection, then allows the erection to subside without the man experiencing an ejaculation. the sexual technique is called the
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the tease technique
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EMT’s in the back of an ambulance need to be sure to ask someone who is taking nitroglycerin if that person also has taken
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sildenefil
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if a man has been taught to masturbate almost to orgasm, and then to insert his penis for intercourse, the man is most probably treated for
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orgasmic disorder
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the first step of the directed masturbation technique for female arousal and orgasmic disorders is
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learning about her body
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the percentage of women treated for vaginismus who eventually report experiencing pain-free intercourse is
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75%
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most sex therapists are uneasy about recent reliance on drug treatments for sexual dysfunctions because
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inappropriate sex drive
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DSM-IV-TR recommends a diagnosis of paraphilia activities should only be considered a disorder when they
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6 months
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most clinicians would agree that paraphiliac activities should only be considered a disorder when they
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exclusive means of achieving orgasm
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an anti-androgen would be most appropriate if a disorder is caused by
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inappropriate sex drive
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the campus “bra bandit” steals women’s underwear from the campus laundry, then masturbates into the underwear. the most appropriate diagnosis would be
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fetishism
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what is the term for the use of and attraction to inanimate objects as a preferred method of achieving sexual excitement
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fetishism
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what does the process of covert sensitization for fetishism involve
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imagining the pleasurable object and repeatedly pairing the image with an imagined aversion stimulus
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when a fetishist imagines the object of the fetish, then immediately imagines an aversive stimulus, the behavioral approach being used is
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fetishism
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a man being treated for a fetish to women’s hats first obtains an erection from looking at women’s hats, then begins to masturbate while looking at a picture of a nude woman. at the moment of orgasm, he makes sure to be looking at the picture of the nude woman. the behavioral approach being used is
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orgasmic reorientation
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“cross-dressing” is another term for
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transvestism
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a man derives sexual arousal exclusively from dressing in women’s clothing. most likely that person would be diagnosed as
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transvestism
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exhibitionists engage in that behavior because they
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desire a shock reaction from victim
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Dr. Washington argues that voyeurism occurs as a result of the attempt to reduce fear of having the penis cut off, and is therefore found in males, not in females. which theoretical perspective is Dr. Washington using
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psychodynamic
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in a very crowded department store during the christmas rush, a woman suddenly feels a stranger rubbing his genital area against her thigh. he continues until the crowd begins to break up, then moves away. the most likely diagnosis for this man is
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frotteurism
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during which period does frotteurism typically develop
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adolescents
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during which period pedophilia typically develop
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adolescents
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recent studies of pedophiliacs show that
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most have at least one other psychological abnormality
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the technique of having a client with pedophilia identify situations in which he performs inappropriate behavior and teaching more appropriate coping strategies is called
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relapse prevention training
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arnold cannot enjoy sexual intercourse unless he is tied up by his partner and beaten. his behavioral is typical of
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masochistic practice
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autoerotic asphyxia is a fatal side effect of
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being a paraphilia; it is the intentional restriction of oxygen to the brain for sexual arousal.
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what is the primary source of sexual excitement for sexual sadists
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victims suffering
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while inflicting pain, perhaps unintentionally, on an animal or person, a teenager may become sexually aroused and later turn out to be a sadist. the theory that best describes this example of the development of sadism is
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behavioral
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the current view of homosexuality by psychiatric community is that it
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variant of normal sexual behavior
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twin studies of homosexuality have demonstrated that the concordance rate for identical twins for homosexuality is about
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a man who is biologically male but considers himself a woman and would like to live as a woman is a
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transsexual
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a person feels most comfortable wearing clothes preferred by the other gender, strongly wishes to be the other gender, and is considering a surgical solution. the most likely diagnosis for this person is
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transsexual
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what is the most common outcome of gender identity disorder in childhood
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Disappears with no ill effects
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when people with gender identity disorder take hormones it is an attempt to
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Facilitate their living as the other gender