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PSY 240 QUIZ 9

question

Christopher’s mother is considering different wallpapers for decorating Christopher’s room. She asks him, “Which one do you like better: the striped or the plaid?” Christopher’s vocabulary doesn’t include the word “plaid,” but he’s able to figure out what the word must mean based on the context. Christopher is using _____ to add a new word to his vocabulary.
answer

fast-mapping
question

Child-centered programs are often influenced by the theories of _____ and _____.
answer

Piaget; Vygotsky
question

Skills that the child can accomplish with assistance but can’t yet perform independently are part of _____.
answer

the zone of proximal development
question

Four-year-old Jonathan is sitting at the lunch counter next to his sister Erin. They are having hot dogs for lunch. When his mom cuts Jonathan’s hot dog into five pieces and Erin’s into six pieces. Jonathan protests, “Erin has more than me!” Which ability does Jonathan not yet demonstrate?
answer

conservation
question

A child’s ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly is called _____.
answer

fast-mapping
question

A child’s inability to understand that undoing a sequence of events will bring about the original situation is called _____.
answer

irreversibility
question

At what age do MOST children without older siblings develop theory of mind?
answer

4 years
question

Researchers now believe that Piaget _____ cognition in infancy and _____ cognition in early childhood.
answer

underestimated; underestimated
question

Overregularization in a child’s speech patterns indicates that _____.
answer

the child can apply grammatical rules to vocalizations
question

Sydney helps her 2-year-old daughter to make hot chocolate. She helps the child to measure teaspoons of cocoa into a cup, add water, stir the contents, and then microwave the cup. Sydney is providing _____.
answer

scaffolding