PSY 235 Chapter 1

The term temperament, as used in personality psychology, refers to
A. An individual’s characteristic emotional amd motivational nature

Of the eight perspectives discussed in your text, which of the following is NOT true?
D. Very few of the perspectives are still regarded as useful

The Gestalt tradition emphasized the idea that
A. “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”

Advances in the field of biological science have
E. Helped researchers to think more clearly about what personality is

Darwin’s evolutionary theory influenced the development of the field of personality psychology through
C. The idea that people are subject to the laws of nature, like other animals

If we ask everyone in the class to describe the personalities of everyone else they know in the class, and then use these data to form a theory about the personality of college students, we are using
D. Induction

The roots of modern personality psychology can be traced to developments in the 19th century biological sciences based on the work of
C. Darwin

Personality psychology is that focused on the study of individual cases is termed
E. Idiographic

An early supporter of psychological testing (and where much testing is still conducted) was
B. The US armed forces

Margaret Mead’s view on the role of culture in personality was influenced by her findings from several different cultures that
D. In some cultures, both males and females had the characteristics that our culture identifies as “masculine or feminine”

According to Allport, what is the method by which personality should be studied?
B. Idiographic

Which of the following statements is true of the unconscious
D. Personality psychology struggles to understand how and to what extent the unconscious plays a role in behavior

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