Providing first aid for specific injuries

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injuries to the eyeholes of all the danger of what? what is the top priority of first aid
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danger of vision lost and the top priority is to obtain the assistance of medical help preferably an eye specialist
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two techniques that can be used to remove a foreign object that is floating free in the eye are
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draw the upper lid down over the lower lid which stimulates tears, the proximity of lids create a wiping action. Or grasp eyelashes with thumb and forefinger, gently raise upper lid, tell victim to look down until head towards injured side use water to gently flush eye or use sterile gauze to gently remove the object
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first aid care given if an object is embedded in the eye
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do not attempt to remove it, apply dry sterile dressing and obtain medical help
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first aid treatment that should be followed when an object is protruding from the eye
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make no attempt to remove it rather support it loosely with dressings, a paper cup with a hole cut in the bottom can be used to stabilize the object. Apply dressings to both eyes, to prevent involuntary movement of the injured eye avoid applying pressure and keep the victim laying flat on their back
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care for tissue torn from the ear
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apply a sterile dressing with light pressure to control bleeding, save any torn tissue and use sterile water or normal saline to keep it cool and moist. send tissue with victim keep. victim lying flat
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how do you position a patient if cerebrospinal fluid is draining from the ear
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position the victim lying down, and if possible turn onto their injured side inside the elevate the head and shoulders to allow drainage
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six signs and symptoms of injuries to the brain
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clear/blood tinged cerebrospinal fluid draining from the nose or ears, loss of consciousness, headache, visual disturbances, pupils unequal in size, muscle paralysis, speech disturbances, convulsions, nausea, vomiting
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four aspects of first aid care for brain injury victims
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keep the victims lying flat and treat for shock, watch closely for signs of respiratory distress, don’t stop flow of liquids, don’t give victim liquids, note length of unconsciousness
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three causes of epistaxis/nosebleed
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change in altitude, strenuous activity, high blood pressure
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position a victim with a nosebleed how?
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in a sitting position with the head leaning slightly forward
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what dressing is applied to a sucking chest wound
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an airtight dressing to prevent air flow into the wound
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how do you position a victim with a sucking chest wound?
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if possible on their injured side and elevate the head and chest slightly allowing uninjured lung to expand more freely, prevents pressure on uninjured lung
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for signs and symptoms of abdominal injuries
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severe abdominal pain/tenderness, protruding organs, open wounds, nausea/vomiting particularly blood
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position a victim with and abdominal injury how?
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flat on their back, place a pillow/rolled blanket under the knees to been slightly, elevate head and shoulders
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care for abdominal organs protruding from a wound by…
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remove clothing, use large sterile dressings moistened with sterile water or normal saline or warm tapwater, cover dressings with a plastic wrap that is moist, then with folded towel/aluminum foil for warmth
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four principles of first aid for genital organ injuries
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Control severe bleeding by using a sterile dressing to apply pressure, treat for shock, do not remove any penetrating/inserted objects, use covered ice pack/other applicants to decrease bleeding and relieve pain

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