Death penalty is punishment which is administered by the courts on persons found guilty of offences they have committed as actuated by the courts. It is administered in various ways as determined by administration. It may either be by hanging or gallows, lethal injection, severe beating and drowning. Death penalty is the last resort of punishment in any justice system as it’s the most severe and non-reversible. Persons enlisted for death penalty cannot reverse this action unless by a successful court appeal where enough evidence must be adduced to confirm the reversibility of such ruling.
Many people have given different opinion over the topic of death penalty. Various governments also differ when it comes to the act of punishing by death. There are therefore advantages and disadvantages and of death penalty as the paper will discuss. Organizations and various institutions have also stepped to condemn the act while others advocate for it. To those who support, they suggest that death penalty is one of the ways of ensuring that total justice is achieved. On the other hand, human rights organizations and institutions like churches claim that it is against human rights and religious stands. There is therefore a controversy on whether death penalty should be exercised however in this, the paper will discuss the pros and cons o...
f death penalty.
The following are some of the advantages of using this method to mete justice on the victims and the offenders;
Firstly, it ensures there is no reverse to the justice upheld by the law. This is important to the justice system as it confirms that cases summarized by this method are completely ended. This method confirms the benediction of a case in court as it cannot be appealed once the offender is executed and hence creates public safety as most capital punishment offenders are usually convicted of rape and murder which really affect the victims and the community (Mocan & Gittings, 2003).
Secondly, this punishment reduces charges or cost of litigations. Once executed, offenders have no more room to appeal or their lawyers and thus reduces any associated costs for more justice. This ensures that judges and prosecutors can tackle other cases at their disposal thus saving time and costs. This reduces the burden on the state for sustenance of such offenders in the prisons noting that when an offender is imprisoned by the law the cost of imprisonment is borne by the state though such an offender wronged the state when he made the offence under charge.
Thirdly, capital punishment is the last resort of any justice system to a grave offender. This means persons who have done grave offences can be executed to mete justice if all other ways of punishment are deemed not enough to carry out the right justice to the offenders. This method is essential as it ensures that such offenders especially murderers do not walk scot free in the society with such heinous acts on their heads. Capital punishment is ideal for those acts which which the law defines as capital offence which are majorly
murder, rape and robbery with violence. They are so because they directly affect the life of the victim who in many cases are innocent people in line of their daily lives and once accosted by blood thirsty persons they are killed or maimed causing non-reversible harm on their bodies.
Fourthly, death punishment is vital for instilling fear on those persons who would wish to commit such actions as murder, rape and robbery with violence. The mere expectation that performing such acts will lead to death averts such actions and hence creates a sense of fear which reduces the want to do such actions. This fear lead to increase self – control on individuals and thus reduce then number of cases reported regarding such heinous crimes. This in turn reduces investigation and litigation costs.
Lastly, death punishment is ideal in situations where the offender is psychologically healthy as proved by the approval of a legalized medical practitioner and proved during and after the offence is committed. This ensures the offender is guilty of such offence and the meting of such punishment on the offender is not only a punishment but a feeling of a loss of life due to his crimes he or she committed (Liebman, 2002).
Disadvantages of Death Penalty
The reason why many people do not support death penalty is due to the execution of innocent people. People suggest that in some cases, innocent people are said to be guilty to the weak systems of justice. In such cases, innocent people are prosecuted and killed thus shedding innocent blood. This is very wrong considering that guilty people who have money and power are capable of contradicting criminal cases and thus go uncharged. On the other hand, those people who have no power are made carry other people’s burdens and thus suffer death. This is why the act of death penalty is not supported by many people including governments. Many are the people who have lost their lives due to weak systems which are characterized by corruption and other unlawful acts. This is why death penalty is not important. It is clear if a person who is imprisoned is found innocent he or she can be taken out of prison and may rewarded. Those who are therefore killed due to guilty charges cannot be taken out of graves rather they remain dead. There are more than 138 cases which have proven that innocent people are sometimes convicted to death. This is a clear show of serious consequences of death penalty. Governments have power of detaining guilty people. This can be used as a way of holding accountable the guilty individuals. There are also prisons which have been established in order sustain criminals.
It is important to note that people are prone to change and everyone can change. By killing criminal people, authorities deny them great chances of changing. We have heard very great testimonies of people who ones were evil people, criminals and murders. This can also happen to guilty people and their lives can finally change. In this case, they can turn to be important people in the society and thus inspire other