prologue and chapter 1 psych

in the first half of the 20th century, psychology was defined as the
science of observable behavior

today, psychology is defined as the
science of behavior and mental processes

who wrote an important 1890 psychology textbook
william james

who founded the first psychology lab
wilhelm wundt

which psychological perspective emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior
neuroscience

which of the following individuals is also a physician
psychiatrist

the 17th century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through experience is
locke

today psychology is a discipline that
connects with a diversity of other fields

which perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses
behavioral

in what type of research is a psychologist engaged if she is studying how changing the layout of a classroom might increase student productivity
applied

the way the mind encodes, processes, stores, and retrieves information is the primary concern of which perspective
cognitive

both plato and socrates believed that
the mind and body are distinct and separable

functionalism was the school of psychology that focused attention on the
adaptive value of conscious thought

the neuroscience perspective would be most likely to emphasize that behaviors is influenced by
blood chemistry

which scientific perspective focuses on the relative impact of nature and nurture on our psychological traits
behavior genetics

sensations, dreams, beliefs, and feelings are
examples of subjective experiences and not considered appropriate subject matter for psychology today

which psychological perspective places the most emphasis on how observable response are learned
behavioral

socrates emphasized the importance of ____ as a source of knowledge
logic

dr phil attributes the delinquent behaviors of many teens to the pressure associated with being members of street gangs. his belief illustrates a ____ perspective
socio-cultural

a random sample can be best described as
a sample in which each potential participant has an equal chance of being selected

theoretically, random assignment should eliminate
concerns over validity

the process of replication is most likely to be facilitated by
operational definitions

jeff mistakenly assumes that everybody around him enjoys listening to country music just as much as he does, jeff best illustrates
false consensus effect

in its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___, but from the 1920s into the 1960s, american psychologists emphasized the study of ___
mental processes; observable behavior

edward titchener is to ___; as william james is to ___
structuralism, functionalism

the view that knowledge comes from experiences and interactions with others, and that science should rely on observation is called
empiricism

platos presumption of inborn knowledge most clearly contrasts with a view known as
empiricism

cognitive theorists emphasize the
formation and modification of schemas

which of the following scientific procedures in most useful for helping researchers avoid false generalizations
random sampling