prologue and chapter 1 psych

in the first half of the 20th century, psychology was defined as the
science of observable behavior
today, psychology is defined as the
science of behavior and mental processes
who wrote an important 1890 psychology textbook
william james
who founded the first psychology lab
wilhelm wundt
which psychological perspective emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior
neuroscience
which of the following individuals is also a physician
psychiatrist
the 17th century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through experience is
locke
today psychology is a discipline that
connects with a diversity of other fields
which perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses
behavioral
in what type of research is a psychologist engaged if she is studying how changing the layout of a classroom might increase student productivity
applied
the way the mind encodes, processes, stores, and retrieves information is the primary concern of which perspective
cognitive
both plato and socrates believed that
the mind and body are distinct and separable
functionalism was the school of psychology that focused attention on the
adaptive value of conscious thought
the neuroscience perspective would be most likely to emphasize that behaviors is influenced by
blood chemistry
which scientific perspective focuses on the relative impact of nature and nurture on our psychological traits
behavior genetics
sensations, dreams, beliefs, and feelings are
examples of subjective experiences and not considered appropriate subject matter for psychology today
which psychological perspective places the most emphasis on how observable response are learned
behavioral
socrates emphasized the importance of ____ as a source of knowledge
logic
dr phil attributes the delinquent behaviors of many teens to the pressure associated with being members of street gangs. his belief illustrates a ____ perspective
socio-cultural
a random sample can be best described as
a sample in which each potential participant has an equal chance of being selected
theoretically, random assignment should eliminate
concerns over validity
the process of replication is most likely to be facilitated by
operational definitions
jeff mistakenly assumes that everybody around him enjoys listening to country music just as much as he does, jeff best illustrates
false consensus effect
in its early years, psychology focused on the study of ___, but from the 1920s into the 1960s, american psychologists emphasized the study of ___
mental processes; observable behavior
edward titchener is to ___; as william james is to ___
structuralism, functionalism
the view that knowledge comes from experiences and interactions with others, and that science should rely on observation is called
empiricism
platos presumption of inborn knowledge most clearly contrasts with a view known as
empiricism
cognitive theorists emphasize the
formation and modification of schemas
which of the following scientific procedures in most useful for helping researchers avoid false generalizations
random sampling