Program Design & Development – Chapter 01 – Review

question

A(n)______ is a set of instructions that a computer follows to perform a task
answer

Program
question

The physical devices that a computer is made of are referred to as ______.
answer

Hardware
question

The part of a computer that runs programs is called _____.
answer

The CPU
question

Today, CPUs are small chips known as _____.
answer

Microprocessors
question

The computer stores a program while the program is running, as well as the data that the program is working with, in ____.
answer

Main Memory
question

This is a volatile type of memory that is only for temporary storage while a program is running.
answer

RAM
question

A type of memory that can hold data for long periods of time, even when there is no power to the computer, is called ____.
answer

Secondary Storage
question

A component that collects data from people or other devices and sends it to the computer is called ____.
answer

An input device
question

A video display is a(n) _____ device.
answer

Output device
question

A ______ is enough memory to store a letter of the alphabet or a small number.
answer

Byte
question

A byte is made up of eight _____.
answer

Bits
question

In the ______ numbering system, all numeric values are written as sequences of 0s and 1s.
answer

Binary
question

A bit that is turned off represents the following value: ______
answer

question

A set of 128 numeric codes that represent the English letters, various punctuation marks, and other characters is _____.
answer

ASCII
question

An extensive encoding scheme that can represent characters for many languages in the world is ____.
answer

UNICODE
question

Negative numbers are encoded using the ____ technique.
answer

Two’s complement
question

Real numbers are encoded using the _____ technique.
answer

Floating point
question

The tiny dots of color that digital images are composed of are called ___.
answer

Pixels
question

If you were to look at a machine language program, you would see ____.
answer

A stream of binary numbers
question

In the _______ part of the fetch-decode-execute cycle, the CPU determines which operation it should perform.
answer

Decode
question

Computers can only execute programs that are written in ____.
answer

Machine language
question

The ______ translates an assembly language program to a machine language program.
answer

Assembler
question

The words that make up a high-level programming language are called ______.
answer

Key words
question

The rules that must be followed when writing a program are called _____.
answer

Syntax
question

A(n) _______ program translates a high-level language program into a separate machine language program.
answer

Complier

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member