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Physical Therapy Terminology

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Prevalence
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The number of cases of a disease existences at a certain time in a designated area
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Incidence
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To occur;to happen; an expression of the rate of which a certain event occurs, as the number of new cases of a disease occurring during a certain period of time.
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Etiology
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The study or theory of the causation of any disease
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Pathogenesis
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the development of morbid conditions or of disease
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Hereditary
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derived from ancestry or obtained by inheritance. The genetic transmission of a particular quality or trait from parent to offspring.
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Familial
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Occurring in or affecting different members of the same family. Perhaps a genetic predisposition, but not hereditary.
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Congenital
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Existing at and usually before birth. Refers to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation.
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prognosis
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forecast as to the probable result of a disease: the prospect of recovery or the outcome of a disease as indicated by the nature and symptoms of the case.
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diagnosis
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noun- meaning the name or label applied to a set of symptoms. Verb- meaning the process of distinguishing one disease from another.
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SOAP Note
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Format used by most medical professionals when they do their charting. Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan.
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ASAP
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as soon as possible
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W
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white
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B
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black
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M
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male
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F
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female
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~
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approximantely
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inches or seconds
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feet or minutes
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>
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greater than
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<
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less than
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=
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equals, is
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(+)
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positive
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(-)
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negative
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wt
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weight
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#
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pound or Ib
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y.o.
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years old
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PT
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physical therapist or physical therapy
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RPT
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Registered Physical Therapist
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PTA
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Physical Therapist Assistant
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as tol.
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AS tolerated
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tol.
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tolerated
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A
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active
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P
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passive
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AA
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active assistive
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X 50
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repetitions
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VG
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verbal guidance
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SBA
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stand by assistance
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CG
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contact guard
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Min. PA
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Minimal physical assitance
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Mod. PA
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moderate physical assistance
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Max. PA
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Maximal physical assistance
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HEP
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home exercise program
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MMT
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manual muscle test
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N or 5
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normal
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G or 4
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good
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F or 3
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fair
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P or 2
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poor
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T or 1
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trace
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flex. or
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flextion
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Ext. or /
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Extension
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Abd
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abduct or abducted
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Add
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adduct or adducted
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ER
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external rotation
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ir
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internal rotation
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Pron.
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pronate or pronated
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Sup.
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supinate or supinated
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Ctx
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cervical traction
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E.stim or elec. stim
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electric stimulation
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FES
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functional electrical stimulation
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HP or MHP
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moist hot pack
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HVGS
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high voltage galvanic stimulation
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IR
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infrared
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PB
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paraffin bath
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PTX
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pelvic traction
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SWD
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short wave diathermy
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TENS or TNS
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Transcutaneous electrical stimulation
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US
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ultrasound
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UVR
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ultraviolet radiation
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MED
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minimal erythermal does
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SED
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suberythermal dose
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WP or WHP
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whirlpool
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AAROM
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active assistive range of motion
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amb
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ambulation
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AROM
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active range of motion
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Ex. or Exer.
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Exercise
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GT
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gait training
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LAQ
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long arc quad
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PRE
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progressive resistive exercise
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PROM
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passive range of motion
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ROM
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range of motion
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SAQ
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short arc quad
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SLR
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straight leg raise
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Ther. Ex.
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therapeutic exercise
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Wms. Ex.
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Williams exercises
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//
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parallel bars
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AFO
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ankle foot othosis
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DFA
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dorsiflexion assist
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HKAFO
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hip knee ankle foot orthosis
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KAFO
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knee ankle foot orthosis
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LBQC
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large base quad cane
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LSO
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lumbo sacral orthosis
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PTB
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patellar tendon weight bearing
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SBQC
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small base quad cane
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TLSO
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thoracic lumar sacral orthosis
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ALZ
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Alzheimer’s Disease
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amp
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amputation
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AODM
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adult onset diabetes mellitis
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avm
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anteriovenous malformation (stroke)
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CA
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cancer
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CAD
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coronary artery disease
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CHF
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congestive heart failure (left ventricle fail)
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CHI
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closed head injury
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COPD
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chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
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DM
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diabetes mellitis
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DVT
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deep vein thrombosis
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Fx
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fracture
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GSW
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gun shot wound
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Hemi
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hemiplegia or hemiparesis
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HTN
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hypertension
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IDDM
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insulin dependent diabetes mellitis
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JRA
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juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
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MI
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myocardial infarction
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MVA
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motor vehicle accident
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OA
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osteoarthritis
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Para
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paraplegia or paraparesis
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PE
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pulmonary embolism, may also mean physical exam
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Quad
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quadriplegia
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RA
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rheumatoid arthritis
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SCI
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spinal cord injury
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SDH
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subdural hematoma
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SLE
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Systemic lupus erythematosis
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TBI
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traumatic brain injury
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THA
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total hip arthoplasty
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TKA
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total knee arthoplasty
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BP
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blood pressure
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BUN
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blood urea nitrogen
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CABG
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coronary artery bypass graft
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CBC
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complete blood graft
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CMG
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cystometrogram (monitors bladder function)
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CT
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Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT scan)
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CXR
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Chest X-ray
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DTR
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deep tendon reflex
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ECHO
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Echocardiogram (ultrasound-heart function)
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EEG
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Electroenephalogram (brain waves)
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EKG
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ELectrocardiogram (heart conductivity)
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EMG
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Electromyogram (muscle conductivity)
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FTN
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finger to nose
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HCT
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hematocrit
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Hgb
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hemoglobin
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MRI
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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NVC
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Nerve conduction velocity
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ORIF
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open reduction internal fixation
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PET
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positron emission tomography
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PT (not physical therapy)
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prothromin time- to determine the clotting tendency of blood
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PTT
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partial thromboplasmin time
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RAM
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rapid alternating movements
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c/o
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complains of
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CC
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chief complaint
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Dx
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diagnosis
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ER (not external rotation)
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emergency room
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Eval
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evaluation
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F/U
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follow up
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Fhx
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family history
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H&P
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history and physical
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h/o
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history of
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Hx
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history
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OR
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operating room
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PMH
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past medical history
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R/O
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rule out
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S/P
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status post
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Sx
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surgery or symptoms
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T/A/D
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Tobacco, alcohol and drugs
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Tx or Rx
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treatment (Rx for prescription)
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BID
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twice daily
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BIW
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Twice weekly
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Q2D
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Every two hours
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QD
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every day
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QH
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every hour
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QID
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four times a day
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QN
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every night
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QOD
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every other day
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TID
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three times a day
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TIW
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three times a week
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BR
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bathroom or bed rail
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BRP
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bathroom privileges
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D/C or DC
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discontinue or discharge
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EOB
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edge of bed
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FWB
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full weight bearing
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I&O
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input and output
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NPO
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nothing by mouth
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NWB
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non weight bearing
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OOB
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out of bed
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PRN
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as necessary
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PWB
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partial weight bearing
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TTWB
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toe touch weight bearing
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WBAT, WBTT
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weight bearing as tolerated
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dev.
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debiation
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ETOH
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alcohol
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LOC
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loss of consciousness
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MAEW
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moves all extremities well
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N & V
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nausea and vomiting
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NAD
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no acute distress
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PERRLA
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pupils equal round and reactive to light and accommodation
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SOB
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short of breath
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WFL
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within functional limitations
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WNL
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within normal limits
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BM
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bowel movement
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DME
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durable medical equipment
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ECF
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extended medical care
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meds.
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medications
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W/C
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wheel chair