Physical Geography Exam 2

cT
The warmest air can be found in the ________ air mass.

Arctic
Which of the following air masses can be identified as being “very stable”?

equatorial
Which of the following rarely affects North America?

cT
The desert would be the obvious zone of origin of a(n) ________ air mass.

continental Polar
Of the air masses below, the coldest, driest ones are termed ________.

at the edges of air masses
Fronts are located ________.

block
Stable anticyclones act as a ________ to moving cyclones.

1 week
Which of the following best represents the length of the life cycle of a typical midlatitude cyclone?

tropical cyclone
The correct designation for a hurricane is as a(n) ________.

119 (74)
In order to be classified as a hurricane, sustained wind velocity must exceed ________ kilometers per hour (mph).

classification
The desire to simplify, organize, and generalize the vast array of climatic data into a comprehensible system that helps us understand the distribution of climates over Earth leads to ________.

5
For many centuries before the present one, scholars believed that the world had ________ climatic zones.

5
Currently, with many climatic classification schemes which have been devised, scholars generally recognize that there are ________ basic climate types on Earth.

A) high latitude wet*******

B) tropical hot-dry

C) equatorial warm-wet

D) midlatitude cool temperate

Which of the following is NOT one of the world’s five basic climatic types?

Africa
Looking at a world climate map, ________ has the most symmetrical of the distributions of major climatic types on either side of the Equator.

climographs
The text makes frequent use of ________, which are charts showing average monthly temperatures and precipitation amounts.

on east coasts of continents
The maximum poleward extent of Af climates is found ________.

increased cloudiness
In the Tropical Monsoonal climates, summer is NOT the warmest season because of ________.

semiarid
Deserts are arid; steppes are ________.

middle latitude
The greatest day-to-day and seasonal contrasts of climate are found in the ________ climates.

70%
What percentage of the surface is water?

32° C
What degree does water turn to solid?

100%
What degree does water boil?

True
Water can leave as a gas but return as a solid or liquid.

Liquidity
It is found as a liquid in most places…?

On the surface in liquid form
Most of Earth’s water is stored ________.

The onset of an ice age
What would do most to affect the components of the hydrologic cycle to the greatest extent for the Earth as a whole?

Glacial ice
Of the Earth’s liquid water inventory, most of the fresh water is stored in the form of ________.

Water in the Earth system
The term hydrosphere describes one of the Earth’s “spheres” and it includes all of the ________.

less than 1%
Biological water (water in living organisms) constitutes what percentage of water in the Earth system?

2.8
Water that is not found in oceans accounts for ________ percent of the world’s total water.

3
A water molecule is composed of ________ atom(s).

Indian
Which of the oceans has, by far, most of its surface south of the Equator?

about to disappear because of the diversion rivers feeding the sea
The Aral Sea is ________.

40
Approximately ________ percent of the Earth’s lake water is salty.

biogeography
The geographic study of living organisms is ________.

Biota
________ is the term for the total complex of plant and animal life in an area.

distributions and relationships
Concerning the biosphere, the geographic viewpoint is most often concerned with ________.

600,000
Approximately how many species of plants are in existence?

Linnaeus
The present binomial system of biological classification was devised by ________.

anatomical similarities
The Linnaean classification system is based mainly on ________.

1 billion
For about the last ________ years, Earth has had about the same balance of chemical components that now persists.

making major alternations in most cycles
Considering all major biogeochemical cycles, the human input is ________.

light from the Sun
The main energy source for the biosphere is ________.

there is a food versus fuel debate
A problem with the use of biofuels is ________.

Cooled to the dew point
Clouds form if air is ________.

is quite variable by time and region
The average lapse rate in the troposphere ________.

adiabatic cooling
Most of the Earth’s cloudiness results directly from ________.

20%
A certain volume of air holds 20 grams of water vapor. At that temperature, the maximum amount the air can contain is 100 grams. What is the relative humidity?

absolute humidity
Grams per cubic meter would be the measurement units used to describe ________.

Transpiration
________ refers to water vapor leaving the Earth’s surface through plants.

Evapotranspiration
The transfer of moisture from land to air is termed ________.

molecules break loose from the liquid
Liquid converts to gas when ________.

unending circulation of Earth’s water supply
The hydrologic cycle refers to the ________.

solid form
liquid form
in the atmosphere
all three states of matter
Water is unique because no other substance occurs in ________.

cyclone
A counterclockwise atmospheric circulation in the Northern Hemisphere is known as a/an ______.

a seasonal reversal of winds
A monsoon is associated with high rainfall totals and is caused by ______.

spanning 25° N and S of the equator
Trade winds are found in the zone ______.

katabatic winds
Cold winds pouring downhill because of gravity are called ______.

monsoon
The one phenomenon most directly responsible for the seasonally moist climate of northern Australia is

a cloud-free set of places
Which of the following is NOT descriptive of the intertropical convergence zone?

subtropical high
The “horse latitudes” are zones of minimal winds which are associated with the ______ pressure system.