PHIL 103 Business and Computer Ethics CSUS Midterm Spring 2015

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Consequentialist framework for analyzing the property right issues surrounding software.
*A.* Consequentialist framework puts focus of deciding ownership issues in terms of effects on continued creativity and development.
*B.* What rights does a software developer have with regard to the programs which they create?
*”Software is intelligible as a non tangible entity.”*
*A.* A quote by Johnson which means software creators cannot have exclusive rights to ownership without interfering with the right to freedom of thought.
*B.* What rights does a software developer have with regard to the programs which they create?
Algorithm, source code, object program
*A.* A program consists of the algorithm, source code, and object program.
*B.* What rights does a software developer have with regard to the programs which they create?
*”The traditionalist account over-simplifies the task of computer ethics insofar as it suggests that extending old norms to new situations is a somewhat mechanical … process….This hides the fact that….the first step is to clear up the conceptual muddles.”*
*A.* A quote by Johnson explaining that we don’t have accurate classifications for computer activities and products.
*B.* Is there anything new in the moral issues raised by computers?
*”Ethical issues surrounding computer and information technology are a new species of general, or traditional moral issues.”*
*A.* A quote by Johnson explaining that we can’t use old rules onto the use of new technology.
*B.* Is there anything new in the moral issues raised by computers?
Reasoning by Analogy
*A.* Drawing a conclusion about an unfamiliar case by comparing it to a familiar , relevantly similar cases.
*B.* Is there anything new in the moral issues raised by computers?
Veil of Ignorance
*A.* Imagine you are unaware of your race, social status, education level you have. Imagine you are setting up moral conventions.
*B.* Why is justice a problem for the principle of utility?
*”Inequalities as defined by the institutional structure or fostered by it are arbitrary unless it is reasonable to expect that they will work out to everyone’s advantage and provided that the positions and offices to which they attach or from which they may be gained are open to all.”*
*A.* Part of Rawls Principles of Justice which describes that some inequalities are ok as long as it works out for the benefit of everyone in the long run.
*B.* Why is justice a problem for the principle of utility?
Stakeholder Paradox
*A.* For a business to be ethical seems unethical.
*B.* Can a business be moral and make a profit?
Stakeholders
*A.* Stakeholders include everyone who has a stake in the success of a business: owners, suppliers, employees, customers, the community. On the stakeholder theory of business management a business decision is made in light of the interests of all the stakeholders.
*B.* Can a business be moral and make a profit?
*”When a corporate executive… spends… for ‘social purposes’… he becomes, in effect, a public employee.”*
*A.* The employee of a corporation is to make the most money for the owners. If they spend money on social purposes, they are trying to be public servants. Public servants are elected and corporate employees are not experts on social problems.
*B.* Is it the sole responsibility of business to make a profit?

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