Pharm. Ch. 39 (Antibiotics Part 2) – Flashcards

question
The nurse would monitor which laboratory values in a patient receiving intravenous gentamicin (Garamycin)?
answer
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine
question
The nurse will question the use of a floroquinolone antibiotic in a patient already prescribed which medication?
answer
amiodarone
question
Which is a complication of vancomycin infusions?
answer
Red man syndrome
question
When teaching a patient being discharged on linezolid (Zyvox) to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the nurse must emphasize the importance of
answer
avoiding ingestion of foods containing tyramine.
question
The nurse should assess a patient for nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity when administering which antimicrobial?
answer
gentamicin
question
When planning care for a patient receiving once-daily intravenous gentamicin therapy, the nurse schedules a trough drug level to be drawn
answer
12 hours after completing the antibiotic infusion.
question
The nurse would teach a patient receiving metronidazole (Flagyl) to avoid ingestion of which drink?
answer
Wine
question
The patient's culture has grown gram-positive cocci, and the patient is prescribed two different antibiotics, one of which is gentamicin. To treat this type of infection, which type of drug is typically prescribed with gentamicin?
answer
A penicillin
question
A patient is prescribed metronidazole (Flagyl) for a gynecologic infection, and she provides a list of medications she takes routinely to the nurse. Which medication would lead the nurse to question the order for Flagyl?
answer
lithium
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question
The nurse would monitor which laboratory values in a patient receiving intravenous gentamicin (Garamycin)?
answer
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine
question
The nurse will question the use of a floroquinolone antibiotic in a patient already prescribed which medication?
answer
amiodarone
question
Which is a complication of vancomycin infusions?
answer
Red man syndrome
question
When teaching a patient being discharged on linezolid (Zyvox) to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), the nurse must emphasize the importance of
answer
avoiding ingestion of foods containing tyramine.
question
The nurse should assess a patient for nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity when administering which antimicrobial?
answer
gentamicin
question
When planning care for a patient receiving once-daily intravenous gentamicin therapy, the nurse schedules a trough drug level to be drawn
answer
12 hours after completing the antibiotic infusion.
question
The nurse would teach a patient receiving metronidazole (Flagyl) to avoid ingestion of which drink?
answer
Wine
question
The patient's culture has grown gram-positive cocci, and the patient is prescribed two different antibiotics, one of which is gentamicin. To treat this type of infection, which type of drug is typically prescribed with gentamicin?
answer
A penicillin
question
A patient is prescribed metronidazole (Flagyl) for a gynecologic infection, and she provides a list of medications she takes routinely to the nurse. Which medication would lead the nurse to question the order for Flagyl?
answer
lithium