Pathos Ch 8

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Gingivitis that is not treated may lead to
periodontitis.
Pain and limitation of the movement of the jaw with tinnitus as a result of inflammation of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) is characteristic of
TMJ syndrome.
Oral thrush, a fungal infection that produces sore patches in the mouth and throat, may be the result of
prolonged antibiotic therapy.
The treatment of oral leukoplakia is
finding or correcting the source of irritation.
The diagnostic evaluation for peptic ulcers might include
upper GI barium series and the study of gastric contents and stool for evidence of bleeding, patient history, and endoscopy and biopsy of the lesion.
Agents that may damage the gastric lining and cause gastritis include
allergic reaction or irritation from foods, mechanical injury, and medications (e.g., NSAIDs), poisons, alcohol, and infectious diseases.
The primary treatment of gastric cancer may include
gastric resection usually followed by chemoradiotherapy.
Abdominal discomfort with maximum tenderness of the abdomen at McBurney’s point, nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, or constipation are clinical signs of
appendicitis.
Hiatal hernia can be caused by
a weakness that develops in the diaphragm.
A fairly common chronic inflammatory disease of the alimentary canal involving all layers of the bowel, which causes chronic diarrhea, is
Crohn’s disease.
“Traveler’s diarrhea,” a common syndrome of gastroenteritis, is usually caused by
ingestion of food or water contaminated with bacteria.
Mechanical obstruction of the bowel can result from
neoplasm, fecal impaction, volvulus, or intussusception.
A condition in which out-pouches of the mucosa penetrate weak points in the muscular layer of the large intestine is called
diverticulosis.
The earliest signs of colorectal cancer are
often vague and nonspecific.
Pseudomembranous enterocolitis is related to
use of broad spectrum antibiotics.
Inflammation, infection, or irritation of the large serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and folds over the visceral organs is called
peritonitis.
true or false
It is a chronic but reversible degeneration of the liver.
true or false
The disease is usually idiopathic.
true or false
The symptoms are all related to digestion.
Viral hepatitis A is usually transmitted by
the fecal oral route, poor hygiene, and contaminated food, water, and stools.
Cancer of the liver is
usually a secondary cancer.
Cholelithiasis, which causes obstruction of bile ducts, causes the patient to experience
biliary colic, with radiating pain, and jaundice.
Inflammation of the gallbladder commonly associated with gallstones is called
cholecystitis.
Signs and symptoms of malnutrition can result from
a malabsorption syndrome, or eating too much or too little and a case involving severe burns or other severe trauma.
A disease of the small intestine characterized by malabsorption, gluten intolerance, and damage to the lining of the intestine is called
celiac sprue.
The disease linked to a psychologic disturbance in which hunger is denied by self-imposed starvation is
anorexia nervosa.
The most serious complications of bulimia and anorexia nervosa include
electrolyte imbalance and cardiac irregularities.
The treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) includes
a light evening meal four hours before bedtime and elevation of the bed about 6 inches and/or the use of H2-receptor antagonist or a proton pump inhibitor.
The causal factor(s) of peptic ulcers is(are)
stress, NSAIDs, and/or Helicobacter pylori infection.
The management of peptic ulcers may necessitate
rest, changes in diet, adjustments of lifestyle, and drug therapy.
The causes of pancreatitis include
Alcoholism, trauma, and infection, biliary tract disease, structural anomalies, and drugs.
Crohn’s disease is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the alimentary canal
in which all layers of the bowel are edematous and inflamed.
Intestinal obstruction can be
mechanical, functional, partial or complete.
Patient teaching for patients with colorectal cancer would include
informing the patient that family members have increased risk and should undergo screening.
A key feature of irritable bowel syndrome is
a change of bowel habits with predominant diarrhea or constipation.
Celiac disease is a disease of the
small intestine.
Celiac disease is characterized by
malabsorption, gluten intolerance, and damage to the lining of the intestine.
Celiac disease requires a
lifelong compliance with a strict gluten-free diet.

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