Organic Chemistry Functional Groups IB

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Alkane (-ane)
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All single bonded carbons: C-C
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Alkene (-ene)
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At least one double bonded carbon: C=C
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Alcohol (-anol)
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-OH
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Amine (-anamine)
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-NH2
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aldehyde (-anal)
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-CHO (C=O and C-H)
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ketone (-anone)
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R-(C=O)-R (both R’s are bonded to the C)
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Carboxylic Acid (-anoic acid)
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-COOH
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Amide (-anamide)
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-CONH2 (C=O is bonded to NH2 by the carbon)
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Ester (-anoate)
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-COOC (C=O is bonded to another O like this O=C-O-R)
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Nitrile (anenitrile)
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-C#N (# signifies triple bond)
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Nomeclature Naming Order
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1. Longest straight chain of carbon 2. Functional Group (suffix) 3. Side chains or substituent groups (prefix) # of location of side chain-side chain-longest carbon chain name-functional group Ex: CH2(NH2)COOH 2-aminoethanoic acid

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