Oceanography Chapter 1 Test

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What is a scientist?
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Someone who uses the processes of science to find answers about how and why things work in the world and in the observable universe.
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what two influences make the ocean important to life on earth?
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weather and world climate
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what three marine resources make the ocean important to the earth?
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1. food 2. oxygen 3. natural resources (oil)
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what is ocean literacy and why is it important?
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Ocean literacy means understanding the basic concepts related to how the ocean functions as an ecosystem, how and why it is vital to human existence, and understanding the consequences of human interaction with the sea. important: It allows you to make responsible decisions related to the ocean.
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what is marine science?
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the process of discovering facts, processes, and unifying principles that explain the nature of the ocean, its associated life forms, and how the ocean interacts with other earth systems. Marine science is an integral part of Earth science.
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what is oceanography?
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is the science of recording and describing the oceans contents and processes
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what are four of the main branches of oceanography?
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1.biological 2.geological 3.chemical 4.physical
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what has made the exploration of the ocean possible?
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technology
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what traditional science disciplines does marine science draw on?
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1. Physical Science 2. Life Science 3. Earth and Space Science
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beyond what traditional science disciplines, what four study areas does marine science involve?
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1.Science as Inquiry 2.Science and Technology 3.Science in Personal and Social Perspectives 4.Historical Nature of Science
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why is the concept of stiltedness important to marine scientist?
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its important to marine scientist because in oceanography, you may apply established scientific concepts that you will never personally demonstrate or observe.
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what is science?
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is a body of knowledge and an organized method used to gain knowledge about the observable universe.
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what is a technology?
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A technology is a material system that produces intended results or in a general sense, knowledge of those systems.
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what are the five basic steps to the scientific method?
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1. Identify the problem (or question) 2. Make a hypothesis 3. Test the hypothesis. 4. Interpret and analyze results 5. Report results, procedures and conclusions
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what is a hypothesis?
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educated guess
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how do inductive and deductive reasoning apply to forming a hypothesis?
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inductive-> process that explains facts you observe deductive-> what you would observe should a known process take place
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what is a Theory?
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A theory is a scientific explanation with observable and repeatable evidence to support it
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how many study elements are in life on an ocean planet?
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6 elements Unit 1: Importance of Ocean Exploration Unit 2: The Foundation of Life in the Ocean Unit 3: A Water World Unit 4: The Motion of the Ocean Unit 5: Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea Unit 6: The Present and Future of the Marine Environment
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what marine science fundamentals do these study elements cover?
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Unit 1: Importance of Ocean Exploration Unit 2: The Foundation of Life in the Ocean Unit 3: A Water World Unit 4: The Motion of the Ocean Unit 5: Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea Unit 6: The Present and Future of the Marine Environment
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what visual reference help learning in life on an ocean planet?
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1.Major headings (black) 2.subheadings divide each chapter.(blue) 3.Learning Objectives are in (green). They are found under all subheadings. 4.Relevant supplement information: found in sidebars with (purple) headings. Photos and illustrations are labeled in (red)

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